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Transcript of Marcel Proust
-One of the finest French novelists of the 20th century
-Centennial of Du Côté de chez Swann
Pourquoi est-il important?
À la recherche du temps perdu
is one of the longest novels (7 volumes)
Marcel Proust's Early Life
: Proust was born on July 10, 1871, in Auteuil, near Paris, France. Marcel was born to Adrien Proust, a prominent Catholic physician, and his wealthy Jewish wife, Jeanne née Weil. He spent much of his childhood in Auteuil and Illiers, while also spending time with his grandmother in Normandy. Marcel suffered chronic asthma attacks throughout his childhood that made significant hinderences on his early life. At the age of 17 Proust served in the Military at Orleans from 1888-1889.
Marcel Proust's Works
Les plaisirs et les jours
À└la recherche du temps perdu
Du côté de chez Swann
À l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs
Le Côté de Guermentes
Sodome et Gomorrhe
Le Temps retrouvé
Pastiches et mélanges
Contre Sainte-Beuve: suivi de Nouveux mélanges
La Bible d'Amiens
Sésame et les lys: des trésors des rois, des jardins des reines
Proust in Paris: Later Life
Influences on the Person/ What contributed to his fame?
3 facts to Remember
Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935) was a Jew and a captain in the French army. who was condemned by a military court for having sold military secrets to the Germans
On January 13, 1898, the writer Emile Zola published an open letter, "J'accuse," directed against the army's general staff
In the letter, Zola addressed President of France Félix Faure and accused the government of anti-Semitism and the unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus, a French Army General Staff officer who was sentenced to life-long penal servitude for espionage
Zola was tried and found guilty of besmirching the reputation of the army. He was forced to flee to England.
On 15 January 1898, Le Temps published a petition calling for a retrial. Monet, Proust, and Zola supported this with their names.
In September 1898 it was proved that the only piece of evidence against Dreyfus in the secret military dossier had been faked by Joseph Henry, who confessed his misdeed and committed suicide. At last the government ordered a retrial of Dreyfus. Public opinion was bitterly divided between the leftist Dreyfusards, who demanded "justice and truth," and the anti-Dreyfusards, who led an anti-Semitic campaign, defended the honor of the army, and rejected the call for a retrial. The conflict led to a virtual civil war. In 1899 Dreyfus was found guilty again, although this time under extenuating circumstances--and the president pardoned him. Only in 1906 was Dreyfus fully rehabilitated, named an officer once again, and decorated with the Legion of Honor.
In defending Dreyfus, Proust not only angered conservative, Catholic, pro-army aristocrats, but he also alienated his own father.
In writing about the 1890s in Remembrance of Things Past, Proust remarks that "the Dreyfus case was shortly to relegate the Jews to the lowest rung of the social ladder."
Many suggest that Proust took his controversial, pro-Dreyfus stand simply because he was half-Jewish. However, others agree that he was only obeying the dictates of his conscience, even though he lost many highborn Catholic friends by doing so and exposed himself to the snide anti-Semitic accusation of merely automatically siding with his co-religionists.
1. One of the first European novelists to feature homosexuality openly and at length in his novels.
À la recherche du temps perdu
hold's the record for the longest novel written.
3. L'expérience Proust was the first written evidence of what is now called "Involuntary memory".
: Proust attended the Lycée Condorcet from 1882–1889 where he wrote for class magazines. However, his asthma condition kept him from becoming a regular student. After his Military service Proust attended École des Sciences Politiques from 1891-1895. He received two degrees, one in law and the other in literature.
While Proust was a student he was influenced by
Henri Bergson and Paul Desjardins, and historian Albert Sorel.
Most famous work produced right after long grieving period over the
death of his mother
Many literary works including his most famous
Also known for
, some of which extended to several pages in length.
Proust’s writing and his words have had immense impacts on both his readers and other writers over time.
The Dreyfus Affair (1894-1906)
Proust was a dilettante and a social climber whose aspirations as a writer were hampered by his lack of discipline. His reputation from this period, as a snob and an amateur, contributed to his later troubles with getting Swann's Way published. Some think he may have had borderline personality disorder.
Proust was politically active
Proust was a closeted homosexual
He was one of the first European novelists to feature homosexuality openly and at length in the parts of À la recherche du temps perdu which deal with the Baron de Charlus.
Lucien Daudet and Reynaldo Hahn were noted to be his lovers.
His life and family circle changed markedly between 1900 and 1905.
In February 1903, Proust's brother Robert married and left the family home.
His father died in November of the same year.
Proust's beloved mother died in September 1905. She left him a considerable inheritance. His health throughout this period continued to deteriorate.
Proust spent the last three years of his life mostly confined to his cork-lined bedroom, sleeping during the day and working at night to complete his novel. He died of pneumonia and a pulmonary abscess in 1922. He was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
Left behind three more volumes of the novel. Although these were not completely revised, the volumes, La Prisonnière (1923), Albertine disparue (1925) and Le Temps retrouvé (1927) were published by his brother, Robert.
The End of Proust
*"In Search of Lost Times" may be a reference to Proust's own search for the times he lost as he spent most of his life sick.