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Library Circulation Presentation

A presentation about my research in Circulation In Libraries for the GUC
by

Omar Kassab

on 30 September 2012

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Transcript of Library Circulation Presentation

An Essential Know How
For Architects Circulation
and ACCESSIBILITY
in Libraries "Our bodies and our movement are in constant dialogue with our building. In essence, how we experience the three dimensionality of a building is basically through movement of our bodies through time, sequence and space" CIRCULATION PRESENTED BY
THESE GUYS How boring will all these BLAs be? APPROACH FORM OF THE CIRCULATION SPACE CONFIGURATION OF THE PATH PATH AND SPACE RELATIONSHIP ENTRANCE Is when you come near or nearer to something in a distance Taking Kazakhstan national library by big architects as a GOOD example for approach and Exposure to urban context

The park around the library is designed like a living library of trees, plants, minerals and rocks allowing the visitors to experience a cross section of Kazakhstan’s natural library. does a university library differs from a Public library?
The university library differs from a public library because it is inside a gated community not in a street so it does not need to be controlled as much as a public library. Making that a very good advantage to use in the design! A library entrance should be accessible for persons with different kinds of disabilities. We'll talk further about that topic in the accessibility section. what can we achieve from circulation and movement, and what will it add to the library? While designing a university library circulation would be part of the concept design as it has a big impact on spaces and forms.

Taking Seattle library as an example where OMA made the vertical movement the main circulation, leaving it to shape how the library will look. It was really successful having the masses on top of each other and moving by escalators and stairs from a mass to another. circulation elements such as stairs, escalators and ramps can be used for zoning. As they give indirect and invisible way of separation Instead of adding separation elements which are dis attractive and so visible. using the circulation elements in zoning would give more quality to architecture. Circulation is of high importance, it is key to have a floor plan that allows continuous movement while minimizing the necessity to retrace one's steps, allowing a visitor to move in a sequential, natural fashion.

Structures such as escalators,elevators and staircases are often referred to as circulation elements, as they are positioned and designed to optimize the flow of people through a building.
Circulation elements can either be placed in corners to have a quiet floor plan or they can be spread to have a more active floor plan. The movement of people in a library is inevitably noisy and also creates a visual distraction for the reader.

If the provision of quiet areas where readers can work undisturbed is an important criterion of library design, the traffic patterns generated in a library by the disposition of the various facilities - stacks, periodicals, reference books, catalogs, staff, browsing accommodation and areas for study - should be one of the main determinations of the layout. Using visual connections in vertical circulation would be part of the architectural promenade. while moving from a level to another and having connection and visibility to the whole library gives quality to the design.Taking Alexandria library as an example: A library entrance should be inviting in means of circulation. it should also be able to absorb a big number of people. There are 3 types of movement in libraries.
1-The Circulation of the Readers:
The most important movement inside the library because it represents the main factor of the building and it should be connected to all services and facilities without any complications.
2-The Circulation of the employees:
It's also important inside the library space as the employees are the ones who offer the services wanted for the readers in addition to inner organization of library which betters the library's service quality.
3-The circulation of Books:
The circulation of books is always on the invisible part of the circulation in the library, so the normal users should not feel its presence. Usually it takes part through a back door in the building and then to the stores which takes a big area from the basement and it should proceed outside the official hours of the library. we could classify the circulation elements in the libraries to two categories visible and invisible:

The visible elements are the ones which are being used by the visitors of the library such as the stairs, elevators (which are being used by people to go from one level to another) also corridors which are considered the horizontal circulation elements for people to go from one room to another. Also fire exits to be used in case of fire emergencies, all those circulation elements should be visible for people.
The invisible circulation elements are the elements which will not be used by the library's visitors, it's usually for the employees or for the books such as the systems or elevators needed to transport the books from the stores in the basement to the reading hall.
moreover, there are two different types of elevators, visible and invisible. Regarding the visible elevator using panoramic type would be a good idea as it will give quality to the architecture as the users will have access and visibility to the rest of the library. On the other hand, having invisible elevators in the library is a must, to transport and move the books from a place to another with no contact to the public to avoid disturbance and noise effects. Circulation paths may take various forms from stairs to escalators. Each has his pros and cons. One can combine both the circulatory path and the stacks in the form of a big spiral; the entire building can be experienced in the process of circulation. The user does not have to retrace the pathway if he/she wandered there are a lot of benefits from using a ramp:
-lifting of heavy objects with less effort.
-Ramps can provide an effective means of overcoming changes in level within a building.

-The provision of an internal ramp benefits many people, including anyone pushing a trolley, buggy or stroller; people using a wheelchair; and those conversing in sign language while walking
-Ramps also aid independent and assisted evacuation in many instances.



Internal ramps should have a gradient not exceeding 1 in 20, with a maximum rise of 450mm between landings, and a corresponding maximum ramp length of 9000mm
Ramps with steeper gradients should be avoided as they can be difficult for some users to ascend, such as older people; parents with strollers or buggies; and in particular, wheelchair users, due to the strength required to propel a manual wheelchair up the slope. Descent may be hazardous due to the strength required to slow down and stop the wheelchair. WHICH LEADS US TO ANOTHER
TOPIC ACCESSIBILITY In many countries all over the world, access for patrons with disabilities to use libraries is not yet available or even expected.

In order to provide equal opportunities for all library users, it is necessary to look with the eyes of these patron groups at the physical condition of library buildings, as well as library services and programs. The surroundings of the library, the entrance, restrooms, stairs, elevators and special rooms should be accessible for persons with different kinds of disabilities. New constructions must be designed and constructed to meet accessibility requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act Architectural Guidelines (ADAAG).

All functional areas shall be barrier-free and accessible to the physically handicapped. Site and building designs should enable physically handicapped persons to act independently and enjoy the full range of programs provided.

Level changes may be included but must be accommodated by ramps suitable for wheelchair access, both indoors and outdoors. Include access to all areas and facilities, including staff and work areas, restrooms, water fountains, and pay telephones.

There are solutions available if it is not possible to build a ramp because of lack of space. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE ROLEX LEARNING COMPLEX,
THE WHOLE BUILDING IS ONE SMOOTH FLOOR, GOING UP AND DOWN SLOWLY, WHICH IS PRETTY FRIENDLY TO HANDICAPPED PEOPLE. ON THE OTHER HAND MOST LIBRARIES DON'T PAY ATTENTION TO THE DISABLED AND HAVE A LOT OF STAIRS AND DIFFERENT LEVELS. THANK YOU Wohoo! People clapping!
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