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Regular AR verbs / Gustar
Transcript of Regular AR verbs / Gustar
meaning "to do something" In English, the infinitive is preceded by the word "to".
In Spanish, the infinitive is only one word. You can recognize an infinitive by its ending. It will either be:
These are the only three types of verbs in Spanish. When looking at an infinitive, you need to be able to find its stem. You do this by taking off the verb ending. The part that is left is called the stem.
hablar ending- ar
stem- habl cantar cant caminar camin You need to know this because it will help you to correctly conjugate the verb.
Conjugate means changing the verb from its infinitive form.
Example: to eat (infinitive form)
I eat. (conjugated form)
You eat. (conjugated form)
Maite eats. ( conjugated form) Instead of changing the whole word, you just add certain endings to the stem of the verb. These endings are: Rules for conjugating a verb:
1. Take off verb ending to find the stem
2. Find the subject.
4. Add the correct ending. yo
Ustedes Singular Plural o as a amos áis an hablar - to speak (infinitive form)
You speak. (conjugated)
1. Take of ending to find stem - habl
2. Find subject. - You (tú)
3. Add ending - hablas
When two verbs are used together with no change of subject, the second verb generally stays in the infinitive form. When two verbs are used together with
no change of subject, the second
verb generally stays in its infinitive form.
I need to sing.
Necesito cantar. Gustar - to be pleasing to
-It is used to express likes and dislikes. You will only use the third person singular and plural forms of Gustar:
gustan To express my likes/dislikes : Me gusta(n)
To express the likes/dislikes of
someone you are talking directly to: Te gusta(n)
To express the likes/dislikes of yourself
and people you are with: Nos gusta(n)
To express the likes/dislikes of another
person (singular): Le gusta(n)
To express the likes/dislikes of
other people (plural): Les gusta(n) You know whether to use gusta or gustan according to what is pleasing to you or someone else. If it is singular, use gusta. If it is plural, use gustan.
The house (la casa) is pleasing to me.
Me gusta la casa.
The chairs are pleasing to her.
Le gustan las sillas.
The book is pleasing to them.
Les gusta el libro. If it is pleasing to someone to do something ( an infinitive),
use the singular form "gusta" even if there are more than one infinitive.
Me gusta estudiar. Studying is pleasing to me. / I like to study.
Te gusta estudiar y cantar. Studying and singing are pleasing to you.
You like to study and sing. ESTAR - TO BE