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Transcript of Globalisation
It has been divided into different historical phases. Pre-Modern Globalization: includes the period from the Neolithic Revolution, between 9,000 and 11,000 years ago, until 1500.
(el-Ojeili and Hayden, 2006, p.17) Phase 1 Early Modern Globalization:
which was from 1500-1850
(el-Ojeili and Hayden, 2006, p.17) Phase 2 Modern Globalisation-
(el-Ojeili and Hayden, 2006, p.17) Phase 3 Contemporary Period of globalisation:
The end of the second World War-PRESENT
(el-Ojeili and Hayden, 2006, p.17) Phase 4
. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child Believe it is an important and inescapable contemporary social process
Very sceptical; see it as a myth.
Between globalists and traditionalists. Globalists
(el-Ojeili and Hayden, 2006, p.15) 3 Approaches
The spreading of power in societies.
“The emergence of a specific set of values
and beliefs that are largely shared around
the planet” (Movius,2002)
The global association of production of goods and services. POLITICAL
ECONOMIC THEORIES Definitions "…globalization is often taken as a process beyond the scope of human control and also to the tendency to appeal to globalization as an explanation for everything” (el-Ojeili and Hayden, 2006, p. 1) "...the widening, deepening, and speeding up of world wide interconnectedness-is a contentious issue in the study of world politics. " (McGrew,2002, p. 16). “The inexorable integration of markets, nation-states, and technologies to a degree neverwitnessed before — in a way that is enabling individuals, corporations, and nation-states to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper, and cheaper than ever before…[and] the spread of free-market capitalism to virtually every country in the world” (Finn, Nybell and Shook, 2009, p. 247). What Globalization is to us!
Activity References Medieval Modern 18th Century We interpret childhood based on our own cultural capital.
Based on the notion that conceptions of childhood are socially and historically situated, we must consider the foundations of our own treatment and perception of children. Ariès (1962) argues that childhood was not regarded as an important stage in life during the middle ages. Dominant image of childhood was universalised with the introduction of mass schooling and new laws that sought to provide children with greater protection.
This resulted in a more sentimental view of children that emphasised their innocence and vulnerability. Dilemmas for children All countries are effected by globalisation Globalisation also brings new opportunities for new identities and creative solutions. Universalised approach of the UNCRC has inadvertently imposed Western notions of self, childhood, and family onto non-Western populations. Different cultural
perspectives The general modern notion of childhood came into existence as a consequence of the creation of the nation state and the rise of capitalism.
By the mid-twentieth century all children were thought to be entitled to certain common elements and rights of childhood (Prout, 2005). But how does this effect us as educators?
Educators image of children directly impacts on the way in which they practice in early years contexts.
Leaders working in early years settings must be able to continually reconceptualise their view of children and childhood in response to current theory and literature.
Through the exploration of the social construction of childhood we can begin to deconstruct our understanding of children.
By doing this we begin to create new knowledge and possibilities in our work. Globalisation has resulted in the global exchange of not only goods, but also ideas and values, resulting in new challenges. Globalisation of childhood has been dominated by western values (Bayden, 1997). 2000's The end of childhood- Media adultifying children
Children have greater access to the adult world through media
Children are still not treated as legal subjects but rather as objects that require protection. (Johnny, 2006) Winners and losers within and amongst nations Globalisation cannot be sustained if there is no compensation to those who lose out from these reforms Basic human rights that children everywhere have:
the right to survival
to develop to the fullest
to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation
to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. Globalisation Media in Advertisement - Images such as these offer an expectation of Globalisation as a positive tool of unification.
- This allows it to seem a natural process, yet it is really an inorganic advertising tool used by corporations and organisations to reach new audiences.
- This is a concept of Marketization Media and Globalisation el-Ojeili,C, Hayden,P. (2006). Critical Theories of Globalization. London: Palgrave MacMillan. p. 1-17.Finn, J., Nybell, L., Shook, J. (2009) The Meaning and Making of Childhood in the Era of Globalization: Challenges for
Social Work. United States: Elsevier Ltd.McGrew, A. (2010) ‘Globalization and Global Politics,’in Baylis,J., Steve,S., Owens, P. The Globalization of World Politics. Oxford:University Press, pp. 17. Movius, L. (2010)
‘Cultural Globalisation and Challenges to Traditional Communication Theories’. USA: Creative Commons Attribution.
Penn, H. (2008) Understanding Early Childhood Issues And Controversies. Second Edition. Open Press University. England
Finn, J. L. Nybell L. M. Shook, J. J. (2009). Children and Youth Services Review - Elsevier. The meaning and making of childhood in the era of globalization: Challenges for social work. The University of Montana, United States, Eastern Michigan University, United States, The University of Pittsburgh, United States
Jan, M. (2009) " Key Issues and Dimensions ." Globalization of Media 29.1 : 66 - 75. EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2009.
Dreyer, I. (2001) "Many Channels, Few Voices." Globalisation and Media 8.1: 7 - 9. Mozaik. Media Globalisation is also considered to have stripped the voice of independent societies (Hickman, N/A) Media Globalisation is a result of new communication technology. Globalisation (Prout, 2005) Pre-service teachers are educated within different contexts
- Educationally Beliefs of Early Childhood This is to purposely reflect on childhood and the experiences of the child on a national and global scale. Why? The complications of globalisation within Early Childhood emphasise the importance and maintenance of culture and cultural practice or ritual. Social Constructivism We believe that a child's knowledge is socially constructed. That is that the child's knowledge and experience is layered to express their own individual understanding of the world around them. How does Social Construction and Globalisation combine? If Social Construction involves children developing their identity through layered experiences then their lives are affected by globalisation through these five points
5) mobilization. Cultural and Self Identity What is Cultural Identity? What is Self Identity? Human vs Cultural Identity