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Intelligence: Sternberg vs. Gardner

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Jennifer Lor

on 2 April 2014

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Transcript of Intelligence: Sternberg vs. Gardner

Intelligence: Sternberg vs. Gardner
By: Jennifer Lor
04012014

Robert Sternberg's Triarchi Theory
Robert Sternberg
comprises
three types of intelligence
, they're
analytical
(also referred to as componential);
practical
(also referred to as contextual) and
creative
(also referred to as experiential). Sternberg also worked on his theory which he named it Theory of Successful Intelligence. The
first phase
is validation which means the fundamental importance of different abilities and the collection of supporting evidence from different cultures and societies. The
second phase
included studies designed to develop valid and reliable methods to assess analytical, practical, and creative abilities. The
third phase
was designed to apply the Theory of Successful Intelligence to the educational environment.
Howard Gardner Theory
Gardner's theory is based on the argument that traditional definitions of intelligence do not capture the wide variety of abilities humans display. According to
Gardner
, there are
eight primary forms of intelligence
: linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, and xistential.
He also identified seven distinct intelligences:
Visual-Spatial, Bodily-kinesthetic, Musical, Interpersonal, Linguistic, and Logical -Mathematical.
Compare Robert Sternberg & Howard Gardner
Howard Gardner and Robert Sternberg are experts in their field and there is a basic similarity between their theories in that they both believe in a broader definition of intelligence than traditionally recognized. Both of them also believes that there are far more complex functions involved in it.


Contrast Robert Sternberg & Howard Gardner
Gardner
has a view that there is a
strong link between specific brain function and ability in particular areas which identifies seven distinct types of intelligence and each person has a level of each
.
Sternbergs
theory
helps people develop as a whole which, in turn will allow them to develop appropriately for their surroundings, regardless of their academic - or supposedly lack of academic- intelligence.
Full transcript