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UNDERSTANDING GROUP DYNAMICS

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Ankkit Pandey

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of UNDERSTANDING GROUP DYNAMICS

WHAT IS GROUP DYNAMICS
Two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives.

A collection of two or more interacting individuals with a stable pattern of relationships between them, who share common goals and who perceive themselves as being a group
TYPES OF GROUPS
INFORMAL GROUPS
GROUP DYNAMICS
FORMAL GROUPS
COMMAND
TASK
INTEREST
FRIENDSHIP
FORMAL GROUPS
Command Group
Represented in the organization chart.
Permanent in nature.
Members report to common supervisors.
Functional reporting relationship exists.
E.g. Dean and faculty members in a management college
Task groups
Formed to carry out specific tasks.
Temporary in nature.

E. g. Employees, manager and engineers come together to tackle a quality problem

INFORMAL GROUPS
Informal groups emerge unofficially and are not officially organized or
recognized by the company as having a specific reason why they exist.

Informal groups are spontaneously created when the group members are located within close distance with each other and interact more.

People often have common attitude or mutual interests.
Friendship Groups
Interest Groups
Friendship

groups
develop among the organizational members when they share some common interest like participating in some sports activities or staging the office drama, etc.
Interest groups
are formed when a group of employees band together to seek some common objectives, like protesting some organizational policy or joining the union to achieve a higher amount of bonus.


why do people join groups ??
Have a sense
of security

Have a status
Develops self
esteem

Power
Self Achievement
Stages of Group development
Stages of Groups
Forming
Members get to know each other and set ground rules.
Storming
Resolving Differences
Performing
Group members work towards getting their jobs done
Norming
Member come together developing Close relationships & feelings of Cohesiveness
Adjourning
Group may disband either after reaching the goals or because members leave.
The individual's behavior is driven by a
desire to be accepted by the others,
and avoid controversy or conflict
Team members are usually on their best behavior but very focused on themselves
Members come to resist
control by group leaders and
show hostility
Ideas compete for consideration
Team members open up to
each other and confront each other's
ideas and perspectives
All team members take the responsibility
and have ambition to work to achieve the team goals
The danger here is that members
may be so focused on preventing
conflict that they are reluctant
to share controversial ideas
Members are motivated and knowledgeable
For example, a change in leadership
may cause the team to revert to
storming as the new people challenge the existing norms and dynamics of the team.
The team will make most of the
necessary decisions
it is a stage which involves completing the task and breaking up the team.
GROUP BEHAVIOUR MODEL
GROUP SIX
ANKIT PANDEY 08
PRAVESH SHARMA 06
POOJA SOMANI 43
MONALI OZA 36
VINITA BAJARI 76
PRATIK SHARMA 49
BIBEK KAR 13
SAHIL AGRAWAL 64
INTERACTION
AMONG MEMBERS
TWO OR
MORE PEOPLE
PEOPLE SEE THEMSELVES
AS MEMBERS
SHARED GOALS
CHARACTERISTICS OF
GROUP DYNAMICS
DYNAMICS OF
GROUP FORMATION
Theory of Propinquity
People associate with one another due to geographical proximity.
Balance Theory
People who have similar attitudes toward certain objects and goals tend to form a group.


Exchange Theory
The reward-cost outcomes of interactions serve as the basis for group formation

IMPORTANCE OF
GROUPS
In high uncertainty work environments enables faster
or more effective decisions.
Richer perspective, diverse cognitive resources
and general problem solving capacity can be gained out of members diversity.
Higher level of productivity, quality and
team member satisfaction.
Building blocks of a high
performance organization
GROUP STRUCTURE
It helps shape the behavior of its members,
predict the behavior and
guide the performance of the
group as a whole.
Formal Leadership
Roles
Norms
Group Status
Group Size
Group Composition
Group Cohesiveness

FORMAL LEADERSHIP
Leader’s behavior has a significant impact on the group behavior and performance
Style of a leader is imitated by the members of the group.
Direct influence on success or failure of the group
E.g. Department Head, Supervisor
Project Leader etc.

ROLES
Set of behavior pattern which an individual occupying a certain position in society is expected to display.
Dimensions of role are:
Role Identity
Role perception
Role Expectations
Role Conflict

Role Identity
Certain attitudes and
behaviors consistent with a role.

Role Perception
An individual’s view of how he or
she is supposed to act in a given situation.

Role Expectations
How others believe a person should
act in a given situation.

Role Conflict
A situation in which an individual is confronted
by divergent role expectations.

NORMS
Acceptable standards of behaviour within a group that are shared by the group’s members.
Norms pertaining to performance related process
Appearance norms
Norms pertaining to informal social arrangements
Norms that regulate the allocation of resources

GROUP STATUS
A socially defined position or rank given to
groups or group members by others.
Example : a cabin of one’s own
an air conditioner etc

GROUP SIZE
Small Group

GOOD INTERACTION
AND
COMMUNICATION
Large Group
IDEA GENERATION
AND
AVAILABILITY OF
RESOURCE
GROUP COMPOSITION
Group Composition is often defined in terms of homogeneity on heterogeneity.
Whether homogeneous or heterogeneous group should be created depends on the type of task the group is expected to perform.
Most group activities require a variety of skills and knowledge.

GROUP COHESIVENESS
The degree of attachment of the members to their group.
if group cohesion is high, the interaction between members of the group is high and the degree of cohesion is high.
Share the group goals and norms and have common interests.
The number of members is small.
Interpersonal communication is high
Group Loyalty among the members is high because the group enjoys high status.


WHEN YOU WORK IN A GROUP.... YOU MUST NEVER DENY A HELPING HAND TO OTHER MEMBERS.
Only by binding together as a single force.A team remains strong and unconquerable.
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