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3.02 H Big Picture Africa

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Carmen Gant

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of 3.02 H Big Picture Africa

3.02 H Big Picture Africa


Great Zimbabwe
Axum
Oromo
Landmark
One famous work of art from great Zimbabwe is the eight birds carved in soapstone that were found in the ruins of Great Zimbabwe. The Birds placed on top of the columns were more than a yard tall and are on average 16 inches tall. The overall height of the columns are about 1.6 meters. It is called the Zimbabwe bird and is the national emblem of Zimbabwe
Social:
Zimbabwe traded. Also Zimbabwe had lots of old culture and made itself a monument.
Political:
Zimbabwe is ruled with a monarch and is a free and independent country.
Religious:
People who live in Zimbabwe believe in a supreme god called Mwari he is said to have power over sickness, death, rain, and agriculture.
Economic:
Zimbabwe's trading networks extended into many countries including China. Zimbabwe's trading currency was in gold and ivory. Zimbabwe relied on agricultural.
Political:
King Ezana and other monarchs spent some of their wealth on great public works such as the megalithic standing stones and obelisks used to mark their tombs. Axum and Adulis served as the two most important cities of the kingdom.
Social:
Axum had people that spoke different languages like Nilo, Cushitic, and Semitic.
Religous:
Axum was a christian nation.
Around 330 A.D., the king of Axum was converted to Christianity by a pair of shipwrecked missionaries. This king declared that Christianity was to be the official religion of the nation. He was also the first king in Africa who was a ch
Economics:
Axum became the most wealthiest market city in Africa. Axum was right next to the Red Sea so they could trade.
The kingdom of Axum traded ivory, gold, glass, and agricultural and metal goods for textiles, spices, oils, and dyes from the Roman Empire, Egypt, Arabia, and India.
Social:
Under gadaa, every eight years, the Oromo would hold a popular assembly called the Gumi Gayo, where laws were established for the following eight years.

Political:
Most Oromos do not have political unity today due to their historical roles in the Ethiopian state and the region, the spread out movement of different Oromo clans, and the differing religions inside the Oromo nation.

Religious:
Waaq is the name of their god in the traditional Oromo religion, which only about 3% of the population of Oromia follows today.

Economics:
Oromia is one of the richest countries in Africa. Agriculture is the backbone of its economy. There are a variety of farm animals and crop plants. Farm animals include cattle, sheep, goats, donkeys, mules, horses, camels and chicken.

Kersten Gant
10/29/13
3.02 H

- Oromo
- Axum
- Meroe
- Great Zimbabwe
Exploring the African Kingdoms of:
Origins
Great Zimbabwe was founded by Bantu Migrations that built cities. Axum was created by African and Arabs that built cities along the coast of the Red Sea. Oromo was founded by raiders that were looking for resources. Meroe was built by the Kush people that broke free from egyption rule.
Summary of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is near Lake Mutirike and the town of Masvingo it is also near the Chimanimani Mountains. It is believed that the people who lived here groupare of Gokomere culture which is an eastern Bantu subgroup. No one knows what made Zimbabwe dissappear like it did. The history of Zimbabwe was kept by telling about it instead of writing it down. Zimbabwe is important because of its really old landmarks that were made long ago.
Summary of Axum
The Axums controlled a area along the Red Sea that allowed them to financially succeed from trade. After winning against the Kingdom of Kush, Axum was able to control trade in and out of much of Africa. Cargo ships from Rome, India, Persia, and Egypt brought goods in, and took ivory and other goods out to the rest of the known world.
Meroe
Summary of Meroe

Around 1000 BCE, the Kush broke out of Egyptian rule. In 590 BCE, the Kush moved their capital to an area farther south to what was known as the city of Meroe. The people in Meroe were able to survive for hundreds of years with no problem. The city flourished with trade. Eventually, other, nearby cities began to rise in power, overshadowing that of Meroe's. In the fourth century CE, Meroe was destroyed by the neighboring Aksum.
Religion:
The major god of the Kushite religion was a divinity of regional origin. Known as Apede-mak, and possibly a lion form of the Egyptian god Amun, he was sometimes associated with the moon.
Social:
the social pyramid in meroe is a triangle shaped chart. it goes in a certain order which goes from the highest which is royalty all the way down to the farmers and slaves.
Economic:
The economy was not based primarily upon the kind of irrigated floodplain agriculture practiced in Egypt. The extent of floodplain south of the second cataract was too narrow to support a large population. But living just within the northern boundary of the summer rainfall zone, the Meroites could grow their tropical cereals in extensive fields away from the river's edge.
Polititcal:
Meroe's political succession system was not always hereditary; the matriarchal royal family member deemed most worthy often became king. The queen mother's role in the selection process was crucial to a smooth succession.
Landmark
The Axum Obelisks had been looted by Italian fascists in 1937. It was returned to Ethiopia in 2005 and is now a very important landmark. It originated before the 400th century. Obelisks were used to mark monarchs tombs. The king and monarchs used their wealth to create these beautiful landmarks.
Landmark
The Dakhata Valley which is also called "Valley of Marvels" It is known for its rock formations and bird life it is 7 kilometers from a town called Babille.
Summary of Oromo

An African group known as the Oromo were pushing out of the southern bush country to look for better land. The Oromo were mainly herders. The Oromo began raiding neighboring lands looking for more promising resources in the 13th century CE. Over time, they pushed farther north and west into the more fertile lands ruled by the Zagwe and then the Solomonids. They gained a great deal of territory by the 17th century CE. Like Ethiopia, Oromo came to rely on trade in coffee to get their wealth.
The tradition of Egypt continued with a succession of rulers at Meroe, who erected stelae to record the achievements of their reigns and pyramids to contain their tombs.
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