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The British and French's Influence in China
Transcript of The British and French's Influence in China
Great Britain wanted China to renounce their restrictions on foreign trade (China wanted to be isolated).
The British sent gunboats to attack several coastal cities and China was unable to withstand their modern weaponry and were defeated.
The Qing Government were forced to sign the Treaty of Nanjing (1842) and the British Supplementary Treaty of the Bogue (1843).
The treaties stated that the ports of Guangzhou, Jinmen, Fuzhou, Ningbo, and Shanghai were to be open to all British trade (including opium) and residences.
On top of that Hong Kong was ceded to the British. The French in China The French joined the effort with Britain during the Second Opium War, fueled by the execution of their French missionary.
European powers grew increasingly dissatisfied the Qing Government's failure to adhere to the terms of their pervious contracts.
The Anglo-French then attacked the Chinese port cities of Guangzhou and Tianjin.
Foreign powers operating in China were now permitted to seek the same concessions of China that Great Britain achieved by force.
Therefore France, Russia, and the United States all signed treaties with China at Tianjin. The Chinese were forced to trade with outside powers for goods they had no interest in.
The forced trade of opium resulted in widespread addiction and was causing serious social and economic disruption in the country.
Millions are believed to have indulged in the vice. Before, opium was rare and mostly too expensive for the average person.
Fueled by the efforts of the British-controlled East India Company and the newly opened trading cities, opium had become more common, and more affordable.
Opium was also mixed with regular tobacco for smoking, making its use easier.
The European powers economically imperialized China, and the treaties China was forced to sign allowed British residences in their country.
Therefore more Europeans were granted access to China and the goods it offered.
Forced trade of opium in China deteriorated the economy of the region significantly due to the overuse of the drug. As a result China became more dependent on Europe and its goods, since many of the Chinese in the coastal cities were unable to work because of severe addiction.
On the other hand Britain gained more and easier access to the goods, such as tea, that China had a surplus of. Britain benefited greatly from the forced trade with China, since now they no longer had to smuggle drugs but could import them openly.