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Transcript of SWRK:241
Stacy Veldhuizen Behavior Theory & Social Learning Theory Behavior Theory What Are These Theories? The definition of Behavioral Theory from the Encyclopedia of Social Work is:
Behavioral Theory seeks to explain human behavior by analyzing the antecedents and consequences present in the individual's environment and the learned associations he or she has acquired through previous experience. History of
Behavior Theory Originated in psychology
Associated with John B. Watson who argued that the study of behavior should embrace a fully objective scientific approach, focusing on what organisms do, not on their internal or mental state.
Ivan Pavlov demonstrated the classical conditioning model of behavior theory in his experiment with dogs.
B.F. Skinner took behavior theory in another direction with operant conditioning, stating that learning and behavior may be modified and shaped by the consequences that follow them. Applying Behavior Theory
to Social Work The social worker will try to pinpoint the problematic behaviors and their causes through observation, questioning the client or family, and noting the environment so that the client's environment may be altered to shape desired behavior.
Precision is essential in the definition and characterization of target behaviors because accurate analysis serves as the basis for intervention planning. Social Learning Theory Expands the ideas found in behaviorism, attempting to explain why people behave the way that they do. Social learning theory states that behaviors are based on a combination of observable stimuli and internal psychological processes.
Social learning theory suggests that there are four requirements for someone to learn:
4. Motivation History of
Social Learning Theory Proposed by Albert Bandura, stating that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning, adding a social element, his theory recognized that observational learning (modeling), can be used to explain a wide variety of behaviors. Applying Social Learning
Theory to Social Work Using the A-B-C Paradigm, a social worker can do a behavioral analysis of the situation and design a behavior change contract.
A = Antecendents; B = Behavior; C= Consequenses
Behavioral analysis (A) Dad calls son to come to dinner several times, there is an escalation of threats and yelling when the son does not respond immediatley. (B) Son ignores dad, but eventually comes to eat. (C) Dad is silent and angry.
Behavior change contract (A) Dad makes one request in a pleasant tone for son to come to table. (B) Son comes to dinner when called. (C) When son arrives as requested, dad praises him and places a check mark on a tally sheet. If son chooses not to respond promptly, dad begins eating without him, ignoring is absence. The son does not receive praise or positive acknowledgment for this meal. DID YOU KNOW? The Average person can only concentrate for the same amount of minutes as their age - up to age 16?
We would like you to RE-ACTIVATE your mind by taking a few minutes and walking around the room and greeting your fellow class-mates with a high-five!
GO! STOP! Now, find the table with your name on it! C
S Marriage Weight Issue Phobia/fear Parenting Basic Concepts Modeling Not all observed behaviors are effectively learned. Factors involving both the model and the learner can play a role in whether social learning is successful. Certain requirements and steps must also be followed. Learning
intrinsic reinforcement as a form of internal reward
such as pride, satisfaction, and a sense of accomplishment
Learning does not necessarily lead to a change in behavior