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Transcript of French revolution
1789–1799 Causes Social Timeline Consequences Politics 1756 The Enlightment. During this time many European writers started to critisising the monarchy and the curch, in other words - the auhority. After this point a lot of people started to openly espousing democratic, liberalist, nationalist and socialist ideas. 1774-1778 The 1770's 1774 - Louis XVI gets coronated at Reims. 1775 - The American War of
Independence starts. 1778 - France declares war against Great Britain to support the independence of the american colonies. 1781-1786 1781 - Jacques Necker, the finance minister of France, releases his most influential work; Compte Rendu au Roi, in which he presented the royal families economics and made the people believe that economic situation was stable. 1781-1786 1783 - Due to colder weather and the Laki erruption on Iceland, the crops of potatoes and weat failed and the conutry suffered with harsh famine and malnutrition.' 1786 - The king and queen gets informed that the economic situation is critical, but they do not take further notice nor change their outcomes. 1787 1787 February - First Assembly of the French nobles to discuss the economics. April - The king excludes the nobles and the keeper of seals and appoints his friends as head of economics and the Archbishop of Toulouse and Loménie de Brienne as chef ministers of the state in an attempt to take control of the outbreaks in the country. May - First Assembly of the French nobles gets dissolved. June, July, August - Brienne presents the royal economics to the Parlament of Paris, but they reject the loyal legislation. The king dissmisses the parliment and orders all political organisations to close down. September - Due to civil unrest and wars in nearby countries Brienne backs down and the Parliment of Paris are allowed to return to their positions. 1788 1788 Economics POLITics ECONOMICS The court is ordered to stand down and let the minister of state to commence The Estates-General where all the generals and lords of France gets together in order to try and save the economics. SOCIAL The court, however, refuses to and the French government declares bankruptcy. 1789 1789 The Riots in Paris starts and during the Reveillon Riots more than 25 people lost their lifes. One of the leaders of the resistance, Camille Desmoulins, encourages the people to take up arms and fight for their country. The people eventually listens and they storm The Bastille, the king's prison in Paris. The people on France now unites and they declare themselves as the National Assembly. The king recruites more troops, many of them foreign since middle class men form a National Guard and they start taking down nobles and members f the court. The mob has an outbreak in Paris and they march to Versaille and storms the Palace. The royal family is removed to Paris. 1790-1791 1790-1791 Louis XVI (king) and his wife, Marie-Antoinette from Austria, put the country into debt with over 2 billion livres by spending a lot of money although France had a huge debt. France was in an economic crises after the seven years war and the american revolution. Mirebeau is elected presient of the Assembly and all the power over France is given to the Assembly. The Royal family is made return to Paris after trying to go to Austria, to Marie-Antoinettes family. Mirebeau passes away and there are several of revolts in Paris. 1793 -> 1793 and on... 21st of January 1793, Louis XVI is executed by the people's voting to have him beheaded. Marie Antoinette is, after being taken away from her children who are to be raised in exile from the politics, also beheaded. Napoleon manages to win the people over and turns France into a dictatorship. Louis XVI was a very weak and indecisive ruler. Upper-middle class leaders became more powerful and had support from the lower class. They had a very unfair tax system. Enlightment ideas reached all classes (reformed society using reason and challenged ideas grounded in tradition and faith, and advanced knowledge through the scientific method) A middle class is born Negative? Negative Effects: Thousands of people died before france achieved the results. Over-seas trades reduced with 50 % during the period 1789-1799. Postitive? Positive Effects: More unified country. Stronger republic. The revolution enchanted the values of liberty and equality in the world. The revolution inspired the start of democracy. The revolution also inspired other revolutions such as: Haiti and Mexico.