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Kimberly Acido

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Egypt

Culture and Customs
Tour Package
How does the package meet the MNEs of the client?
Valuable Information
Capital City : Cairo Major Cities: Giza, Sakkara, Luxor,
Aswan, Sinai Desert, Alexandria

Airport Code: CAI Currency : Egyptian pound
1EGP = .15 CAD

Language: Arabic Time Zone: UTC/GMT +2
( French and English spoken on resorts )

Voltage : 220 V, an electrical frequency of 50 Hz.
Voltage converter needed.

Food and Beverage
Kimberly Acido
Desiree Thompson
TDC200FD - P. Hussey
Weather/ Climate
Travel Advisories
Shopping & Entertainment

*Occasional Rain, but never more than 1.3 cm in any given month

Qasab ( Sugarcane Juice): This juice is unique, it is served cold and is a good way to help keep cool on summer days. It is also known to be a good natural energy drink as well

Bamya (Egyptian Okra Stew) : Okra stew is served with lamb or beef, or can be vegetarian. Bamya can also be served with spaghetti, pita bread, or a a salad. This stew can serve 4-6 people.

Egyptian butter cookies ( Ghorayeba) : Egyptians love their food especially their Ghorayeba butter cookies which can be eaten during special occasions such as Eid-ul-Fitr; the feast of breaking their fast, also known as the Sugar Feast. It is also made when celebrating Christmas.

Sobia ( Coconut with Milk) : It is refreshing cool and sweet. Children enjoy drinking this. It can also be found year round at most juice shops.
Karakadey (Hibiscus Juice): This is a very popular drink in Egypt. This juice is made out of dry Hibiscus flower. This beverage can be served hot or cold.

Konafah: This is a sweet thin noodle pastry. Konafah has drizzling long rows of the thin noodles that are dry and rigid. Then a fruit syrup on top would be put on top.

Fatta ( A lamb bread pudding) : Fatta derives from fetata which means small piece of bread, although the Egyptians prefer to call it fatoota. This dish can be made for any occasion, but mainly served during Eid Al Adha. Fatta contains of bread, rice, lamb and many layers of flavors. It takes two days in order to prepare this dish due to the number of steps. It is made in the order of cooking the lamb and bread and then the rice and sauce.

Egyptian Molokheya
5. Konafa
1. Ghorayeba
Drink bottled water. When in Egypt, it is recommended for travels to not drink tap water because its high amount of chlorine. It does not necessarily mean that the tap water is polluted, travelers may not be use to it and will get stomach problems.
Can you drink the water in the destination ?
Transportation Details
Clients will be departure from Toronto Pearson International Airport and arrive in Copenhagen, Denmark to board their next flight
heading towards Cairo, Egypt. Once they land in Cairo, they will meet with the other members of the Contiki tour and Contiki
tour managers.
Rob Smith & Alice Carter
Most tourists will choose to spend their time at destinations along the Nile River. It is in the tourists’ best interest to visit during the winter months, which is the main tourist season, as oppose to the summer due to the heat and air pollution. Average summer highs are in the mid-30s. As you go further south of Egypt during the summer, temperatures are even hotter.
Another time tourists may not want to visit Egypt is during March through May due to the shifting sand. Luckily, rain wont abstain tourists from visiting because it only rains once a month in Cairo and a little more than that in destinations along the northern coast.

6. Sobia
Egyptian Molokheya ( The soup of Jute) : The Jute soup is also known in other middle eastern countries, but in other countries instead of a soup they make it as a stir fry. Jute soup is fresh in flavor with garlic and coriander. Not that long ago in Egypt, they had a rural that jute plants had to be bought fresh. The leaves were removed, put together and cut into little pieces using a mezzaluna (a knife consisting of a single or double curved blade with a handle on each end.).
Egypt is a country within Africa that reaches from the northeast of Africa to the southwest of Asia. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, the Gaza Strip and Israel , the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west. Egypt is divided into 27 governorates. The governorates are further divided into regions that contain towns and villages. Egypt is filled with decades of history hidden within every inch of its land. Still to this day are humans able to witness the remains of the ruins and landmarks of people from an earlier era. It is known for holding one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Egypt is able to captivate these clients with the amount of fascinating history they have to offer. Egypt's history and culture is spread amongst the many destinations these clients are able to go to. The clients can enjoy and take in the experiences found in Egypt's culture. They can indulge in Eqypt's culture through their exotic food, mode of transportation, historical landmarks and the change in their usual scenery. Rob Smith and Alice Carter are two friends looking to engage themselves in a trip that includes history, and have no limitations in terms of budget when wanting to experiencing the breathtaking sights they can only witness for themselves. Egypt is the place that highlights the motivations and needs of the clients.

Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada advises against non-essential travel to Egypt (with the exception of the Red Sea coastal resorts of Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada and the area along the upper Nile, from Luxor to Aswan, where you should exercise a high degree of caution)

It is strongly recommend that if you do plan on visiting Egypt plan your travel through a reputable travel company/agency. Travel companies in Egypt are well informed of the security situation and can better plan accordingly.

Advises against all travel to the Sinai Peninsula, with the exception of the coastal resort of Sharm El-Sheikh, where you should exercise caution. Consult the Security tab for more information.

Advises against all travel to Port Said, Suez and Ismailia due to violent demonstrations and civil unrest that have led to casualties.

Coastal resorts

Exercise a high degree of caution when travelling to Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada as well as the area along the upper Nile, from Luxor to Aswan. We strongly advise you to arrive and depart by air.

Local Customs and Traditions
The work week is Sunday through Thursday.
Traditional Clothing
Cultural Standards
What religions are represented in the country?
Muslim is the main religion in Egypt.

When entering a holy place such as the mosque, one must dress modestly in order to not offend any of the locals. Some mosques may even have their own dress code where it is required to cover up more than the norm.
Before entering the mosque, it is required to take off your shoes.
Women must cover bare arms and should also have a hat. It is strongly recommended for tourists to dress modestly outside of tourist areas.

Crime, political problems, and/or other issues
A basic wardrobe for women would be loose cotton or linen trousers and/or a longish skirt and cotton tops with sleeves that are at least half-length. Same goes for men in terms of baggy clothing. Both genders must wear clothing that disguises their shapes.
Please do not offer tips to professionals, businessmen, or others who would consider themselves your equals. You may seriously offend them by your act.
It is customary for locals to refuse an invitation the first time.
Locals may press on an invitation to their home. If they make a promise with you that you must visit in the future, it is humiliating for the person if you were to not come through with your promise.

Modern Clothing

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is celebrated for a month. It is a religious tradition for Muslims to fast.
Traditional clothing for men are called Jellabiya, some are still worn today. It has a wider cut, no collar (in some case no buttons) and longer, wider sleeves
Many women in Egypt are veiled. There may be many different ways. Some may choose to only cover hair, while others choose to cover their entire face.
Protests, marches and demonstrations are common across Egypt. Demonstrations often happen on Fridays, but can occur at any time and with little prior notice.
Attacks could be indiscriminate and occur without prior warning. Terrorists could target protestors and the Egyptian authorities.
Petty Crimes such as pick pocketing can occur.
Although these crimes may be happening, there is high security levels especially in tourist areas.
Name of supplier (Airline): Air Canada
Date: April 1, 2014
Length of travel time: YYZ-CPH 7hr 45m
CPH-CAI 4hr 30m
Connecting flight from Toronto to Copenhagen to Cairo
Class Service: Economy
Cost $1, 021 per adult round trip, incl taxes + fees
1 checked bag: Free of charge

Tour Itinerary
Documentation Requirements
Entry Requirements
Official passport holders (special and diplomatic) must consult the Official Travel page as they are subject to different entry requirements.

Canadians must present a passport to visit Egypt, which must be valid for at least six months beyond the date of your expected departure from Egypt.

Canadians must be in possession of a visa to visit Egypt.

Tourist visa: Required
Business visa: Required
Student visa: Required

A tourist visa may be purchased at the airport upon arrival. However, you should obtain your visa from an Egyptian embassy or consulate before arrival to avoid lengthy delays or the possibility of being refused entry. All other visas must be obtained from an Egyptian embassy or consulate before arrival.

If you intend to stay for more than one month and have obtained a visa from an Egyptian embassy abroad, a 30-day visa will be stamped in your passport regardless of the visa previously granted. You are responsible for renewing this visa. Visas of longer duration can be obtained at the immigration section in the Mogamma building, Tahrir Square, Cairo.

Works Cited
Exit Requirements
You must show proof of an entry stamp in your valid passport at the point of departure. An exit stamp cannot be obtained without proof of entry and you will be denied exit.

If you have entered the country with a Canadian passport and have obtained a new passport while in Egypt, you must present the new passport to the Egyptian immigration authorities at the Mogamma building to ensure that the entry stamp is transferred into the new passport. These requirements also apply to newborns and dual citizens.

If a child is born in Egypt to a Canadian parent, a data stamp proving that the child was born in Egypt has to be added to the child's Canadian passport before the child can exit the country. Since there will be no entry stamp in the child's passport, the data stamp is obtained at the immigration section in the Mogamma building by submitting the child's birth certificate along with the Canadian passport. Parents are advised to contact the Embassy of Canada as soon as possible to apply for citizenship and a passport for their child so as not to further delay what can be a lengthy process.

Giza Necropolis
Sinai Desert
Mediterranean Sea
Nile River
Red Sea
Lake Nasser
Tiran Island
Valley of the Kings
Motivations of the clients
Needs of the Clients
Expectations of the clients
The package selected for the clients go beyond the expectations of the clients. After qualifying the clients, it was in best interest to choose Egypt as their destination. The package created has many activities and sights to see during their tour within a good amount of time. The package incorporates other excursions into the trip, so the clients are able to also relax and enjoy themselves during some parts of tour; taking a break from the more educational and historical portion of the tour.
This package satisfies the needs of the clients. It explains exactly what they will be looking forward to on their trip. It has been laid out as to how they will be getting to Egypt; mode of transportation from point A to point B and what will occur once landed at their destination. Within the itinerary of the tour, it explains briefly as to what they will be doing day by day. The itinerary also indicates the type of accommodation and meals they will be offered during the tour.
The clients' main motivation for this trip is to go to a destination full of history. Not only is Egypt able to offer its decades of history, but also get a first hand experience actually being amongst the locals and watching them fish and swim and also exploring the local markets.
Emergency number is 112.
Tourist police is 126.
1. Giza Necropolis
2. Tiran Island
3. Valley of Kings
Islam El Shazly " Top 10 Beverages in Egypt”. April 2. 2010 Web. Mar 11 2014.
Evelyn " Sharm El Sheikh: Nightlife" Oct 31. 2013 Web. Mar 11 2014. Vincent Oeters "The Giza Plateau" . Web. Mar 11 2014.
Luxor " Luxor Magazine" Feb. 2012. Web. Mar 11 2014.

Amir Atiatalla “ Top 10 Delicious and Unique Egyptian Food”. Oct 28, 2013. Web. Mar 11 2014.

Kheyar Mekhalel “ Delicious Food of Egypt”. Aug 1 2013. Web Mar 11 2014.

Government of Canada. 'Egypt.'
Travel Advice and Advisories for Egypt.
Government of Canada, 19.02.2014. Web. 03.03.2014.
Google Search. 'Flights.'
n.d. Web. 19.02.2014
Flights from Toronto to Cairo.
Contiki. 'Egypt & The Nile.'
The Travel Corporation, n.d. Web. 03.03.2014.
Egypt & The Nile Tour - Europe - Contiki Tours.
Gov.Uk. 'Foreign travel advice: Egypt.'
Egypt travel advice.
OGL Computer Services Group Limited. 03.10.2014.

The best places to shop around is in Cairo. The city Cairo provides a huge variety from everything such as antiques, fine clothing, and jewelry. A great place for tourists to visit is the Khan al Khalili located in Cairo. It is a bazaar district mainly geared towards tourists
The most typical souvenirs sold here are: the colorful spices, the Egyptian sculptures, the gold and silver jewelry, the papyrus, the "unique" perfumes and the T-shirts.
Best Places to shop around
Items considered best buys from this destination
Alabaster is a mineral that the ancients used to work and created wonderful vases and sculptures from. It can come in various colors, and usually has a white-ish streak to it. These are especially popular in Luxor, though you can buy them in Cairo and other major tourist destinations as well.
Alabaster vase/sculpture

2. Mini Shisha
These water pipes are enjoyed all over the world, and have been increasing in popularity, especially in Western countries.
The gold in Egypt is less expensive than most Western countries, and the design is more varied here.
3. Gold Jewelry
Most women who come to Egypt choose to buy a belly dancing suit/outfit from the Khan El Khalili Bazaar, as they’re abundant there.
2. Belly Dancing Outfits
The ancient Egyptians considered the scarab, fashioned after a dung beetle, to be a symbol of the heavenly process of the sun being rolled across the sky by the god Ra
1. Scarab
Tour Egypt Blog. 'Travel guide.' Souvenirs Everyone Should Buy in Egypt. n.d. Web. 03.10.2014
Is bargaining allowed or do you pay the price quoted?
Bargaining is really good in Egypt. They can bargain at least half price if not lower.
Recommended local souvenirs, handcrafts or artifacts to purchase
The pharaohs often wrote words and names in the form of a Khartouche. When in Egypt, you can easily have gold or silver vendors create a khartouche for you to take home
3. Khartouche
In Egypt, typical souvenirs are bought from street vendors. You can get things such as handmade ankhs and mini Sphinx figurines.
4. Ankhs
The Ancient Egyptian hieroglyph signifying "life" It is found in ancient tomb inscriptions.
5. Mini Sphinx and Pyramids
These are the main architectural structures associated with Egypt
Local Sports
Visitors can explore Cairo International Stadium. Cairo International Stadium is the second largest stadium in Arab World, and the 69th largest stadium in the world. Cairo International Stadium also held the 2006 African cup of nations. All important matches are held here and it’s a strong symbol to Egyptian football.
Wrestling was extremely popular with the ancient Egyptians
1. Football (Soccer)
2. Wrestling
Local Night Life
The best city that has the most popular night life is Sharm El Sheikh. The drinking age limit in Egypt is 18 for beers and 21 for wines & spirits. Some popular clubs and bars in Sharm El Sheikah are Fifty Bar, TGI, Camel Bar and Little Buddha. Sharm El Sheikh has very good nightlife with a large range of things to do.
Little Buddha
Fifty Bar
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