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Transcript of Renaissance Sculpture
Renaissance Art represents the art period between the 15th and 17th century. It was found throughout Renaissance Europe, portraying new concepts such as scientific naturalism, classical humanism, and individualism. Renaissance art conveyed Europe's transition from Medieval times of plague and corruption to a blossoming of new knowledge and promotion of the arts. Specifically, sculpture of this art period was typically formed from marble or bronze. Sculpture usually depicted biblical stories, or scenes from Greek and
Benvenuto Cellini was born Nov. 1, 1500 in Florence and died Feb. 13, 1571, Florence. The Florentine sculptor was also a goldsmith and a writer. He was considered one of the most important Mannerist artists.
Donatello was born in 1386, Florence. He died there on Dec. 13, 1466. He is considered master of sculpture in both marble and bronze, one of the greatest of all Italian Renaissance artists, of all time for the matter. He brought levels of scientific naturalism, realism, and proportion into his work that very few before him had ever even attempted.
"Renaissance Sculptors (1400-1600) In Italy, France, Spain, Germany." Renaissance Sculptors. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/sculpture/renaissance-sculptors.htm>.
"Hercules and the Centaur Nessus (1599) Giambologna." Dambrom. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2014. <http://dambrom.wordpress.com/2013/02/14/hercules-and-the-centaur-nessus-1599-giambologna/>.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Giambologna (Italian Artist)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/232910/Giambologna>.
Pope-Hennessy, Sir John. "Benvenuto Cellini (Italian Artist)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/101559/Benvenuto-Cellini>.
"Benvenuto Cellini, Perseus with the Head of Medusa." - Turismo.intoscana.it. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.turismo.intoscana.it/site/en/highlights/Benvenuto-Cellini-Perseus-with-the-head-of-Medusa/>.
Renaissance Art: Sculpture
Giambologna, also known as Giovanni da Bologna, was born in 1529 in Douai, Spanish Netherlands (now France). He died Aug. 13, 1608, in Florence (Italy). Giambologna was considered a distinguished Mannerist sculptor in Italy during the last quarter of the 16th century. Mannerism formed as a reaction to the harmonious classicism and the idealized naturalism of High Renaissance art. Mannerism focused heavily on detail rather than subject matter.
Hercules and the Centaur
Giambologna created Hercules and the Centaur based off the classical greek myth. I believe that this piece is an excellent representation of classical humanism. Giambologna's detail is very precise, and the anger in Hercules' face and the grief upon the centaur's is extremely evident. The expression's that Giambologna creates are very clear to the viewer.
Perseus with the Head of Medusa
Cellini's work based of the classical Greek myth would be an example of individualism. The reason being is that on the back of Perseus' head, there is a hidden portrait of a bearded man, which was Cellini himself. This was his way of "signing" his work.
Baccio Bandinelli, born Nov. 12, 1493 in Florence, and died Feb. 7, 1560, Florence, was a Florentine Mannerist sculptor whose works were influence by Michelangelo. His art was favored by the Medici, a powerful political family during the Renaissance that promoted the arts greatly.
Hercules and Cacus
Works Cited Cont.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Baccio Bandinelli (Italian Sculptor)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/51590/Baccio-Bandinelli>.
"Hercules and Cacus." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Sept. 2014. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hercules_and_Cacus>.
"Atys by DONATELLO." Atys by DONATELLO. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.wga.hu/html_m/d/donatell/2_mature/various/3atys.html>.
Janson, H.W. "Donatello (Italian Sculptor)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/168979/Donatello>.
Gilbert, Creighton E. "Michelangelo (Italian Artist)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/379957/Michelangelo>.
"Moses (Michelangelo)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia FOUNDATION, 10 Apr. 2014. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_%28Michelangelo%29>.
"The Deposition (Michelangelo)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Apr. 2014. Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Deposition_%28Michelangelo%29>.
Hercules and Cacus portrays yet another Greek mythological tale carved out of marble. This sculpture represents brilliant scientific naturalism, evident by Bandinelli's painstaking detail. Each muscle in the body structures are carefully shaped, creating lifelike proportions.
One of Donatello's less popular works, Atys depicts a laughing child. This work would be considered a prime example of classical humanism, as one can see based off the child's smiling joyous face, depicting feelings of happiness and innocence.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
was born on March 6, 1475 in Caprese, Republic of Florence. He later died on February 18, 1564 in Rome. Michelangelo was considered the greatest artist of the Renaissance, and in my opinion the greatest of all time. He cleared the path for many other artists and works of art to come. His pure talent and skill is clear from all his works, and by just looking at his works you can feel the passion he put into his art. His works rank as some of the most famous in existence.
Also known as the Florence Pieta, this religious masterpiece is considered an example of Renaissance individualism because Michelangelo carved his own face in place of Nicodimus under the hood.
A breathtaking religious rendition, Michelangelo's Moses displays master craftsmanship, the muscles and abdominal muscles as well as facial features intricately carved. The statue's precise features make it a fitting example of scientific naturalism.