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Grammar Lesson Verbs

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Lara Kibler

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Grammar Lesson Verbs

Parts of Speech - Verbs Verbs are the most important words in a sentence. Verbs are one of the eight parts of speech that we will be studying. Most verbs are action words, but a few verbs indicate state of being or existence. Action verbs show action and are the most common verbs. Write down the following sentences and circle the verbs. They are action verbs.

1. The wolf ran across the sand.

2. Sit down.

3. The dog barked at the man. Day 1 Linking verbs do not show action, they just show that something exists. Some examples of linking verbs are: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been, seem, look, feel, and become. Write down the following sentences and circle the verbs. They are all linking verbs.

1. My uncle is a pilot.

2. The pie looks good.

3. You seem upset. Day 2 Yesterday we talked about linking and action verbs. To review, write down the verbs in these sentences and tell whether they are action verbs or linking verbs.

1. Suddenly someone sneezed loudly.

2. There are holes in my shirt.

3. He appears happy.

4. The image appeared in the mirror. Sometimes a verb can be more than one word. When a verb is more than one word, it is called a verb phrase. Verb phrases can be two, three, or four words. Verb phrases are made by using auxiliary or helping verbs.

When you use a helping verb you will ALWAYS have another verb with the helping verb. If one of the following words is not followed by another verb, then it is a "linking" verb instead. There are twenty-four (24) helping verbs that should be memorized since they are used so often. If you will memorize them, it will make knowing and understanding verbs much easier. They are usually grouped in the following five groups:

Group 1: is, am, are, was, were, be, been, being, become
Group 2: has, have, had

Group 3: do, does, did

Group 4: can, could, shall, should, will, would

Group 5: may, might, must Write down the following sentences and circle
the verb phrases.
1. You are going to Seattle.

2. You have been resting too much.

3. We must be early.

4. I will be finished shortly. Day 3 To review, yesterday we discussed verb phrases. Write down the following sentences and circle the verb phrases.

1. I can understand his concern.

2. She must have told you ten times.

3. We shall go tomorrow.

4. The wind was howling all night. Helping verbs - A helping verb may be connected with another word in a contracted form. The following sentences have verb phrases using contractions. Rewrite the following sentences. Circle the verb phrases in each sentence. Determine if the verb phrases are action verbs, helping verbs, or linking verbs.

1. I've done it again.

2. You aren't going with us.

3. She's staying to tend the kids. Day 4 In sentences that are questions, the verb phrase is often separated by another word. Rewrite the following sentences and circle the verb phrases. Be sure to watch for another word separating the helping verb from the main verb.

1. Have you been driving long?

2. Where was the car parked?

3. Can I be of assistance? Answers:
1. ran
2. Sit
3. barked Answers:
1. is
2. looks
3. seem Answers:
1. sneezed - action
2. are - linking
3. appears - linking
4. appeared - action
Sneezed and appeared are action verbs. Are and appears are linking. Some verbs like appear can be either action or linking verbs. It depends on whether it shows action or not. "Appears" above is like saying "seems" which shows no action while appeared above shows the action of the image. Answers:
1. are going
2. have been resting
3. must be
4. will be finished Answers:
1. can understand
2. must have told
3. shall go
4. was howling Answers:
1. I've done - action
2, aren't going - action
3. She's staying - action Day 5 We can change the form of a verb. (These changes in form are used in conjugations. We will talk about conjugations in later lessons.) For example, a verb can have an s added to it as in eat, eats or run, runs. Other changes could be eating, ate, or eaten for the verb eat. Run could be changed to running, or ran. Irregular verbs which we will cover later have several confusing changes. Practice 1:
Write the verbs out of the following sentences. Take note of the different verb forms for "come" and "sent".

1. I am coming in the morning.

2. I came as soon as possible.

3. She comes by every day.

4. Send me the package in the mail.

5. The new part was sent to me.

6. I am sending Jeff with the neighbors. Answers:
1. am coming
2. came
3. comes
4. send
5. was sent
6. am sending Practice:
Instructions: In this lesson pick out only the helping verbs used in the verb phrases.

1. He should have tried again.

2. The dog had suddenly come into the yard.

3. Has anyone taken out the trash?

4. Could they have been pointing at our car?

5. She's hoping for a call from her sister. Answers:
1. should have
2. had
3. has
4. could have been
5. is Day 7 We have spent some time on verbs. Let's now see how much we have learned. Instructions: Answer each question true or false.

1. Verbs never change form.

2. A verb is never just one word.

3. Verb phrases can have three helping verbs.

4, Verbs can be in contracted form.

5. Linking verbs show action.

6. A sentence must have a verb to be complete. Answers:
1. False
2. False
3. True
4. True
5. False
5. True Memorize the following helping verbs:
am is are
was were be
been being become Memorize the following helping verbs:
can could
shall should
will would
may might must Day 6 Memorize the following helping verbs:
has have had
do does did Practice: Circle the verbs in the following sentences. Label the verbs as helping (H), linking (L), or action (A).

1. I can't help falling in love with you.
2. He was a good friend of mine.
3. Look at all the lonely people.
4. She's been living in an Uptown world. Answers:
1. can't (h), falling (a)
2. was (l)
3. Look (a)
4. 's (h), been (h), living (a)
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