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Transcript of Romantic Period
1812, war with Britain
1830s, a series of wars against
1846, 1848, war against Mexico
1848, discovery of gold in California, thus
the Gold Rush
1859, first oil well drilled in Pennsylvania
1861, 1865, Civil War
1869, the first transcontinental railway
A period of
rapid growth and expansion
A growth in population of about 25,000,000 people in 50 years.
The spread of industrialization.
The Gold Rush in California.
of this period:
..is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement originated in the second half of the 18th Century in Western Europe, and it gained strength during the Industrial Revolution.
The Woman’s Issue The Slavery Issue
Concord 1817 – 1862
author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist.
Henry David Thoreau
Amherst 1830 – 1886
Known as a prolific solitary poet.
Most of her writing was published after her death
Pre 1861 - 1861 – 1865 - Post 1865
New England Transcendentalism was the summit of American Romanticism. A group of New Englanders.
The word Transcendentalism, meaning that knowledge can be obtained through mental process apart from experiences.
The appearance of Transcendentalism was the result of a combination of foreign influences and native Puritan tradition.
A profound love for nature as a source of knowledge, nature as a refuge from the present, nature as a revelation of the holy spirit.
The quest for beauty; pure beauty.
The use of antique and fanciful subject matters sense of terror.
Boston 1809 Baltimore 1849
Author, poet, editor and literary critic.Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre.
The Black Cat
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket
Edgar Allan Poe
West Hills 1819 – Camden 1892
Poet, essayist. and journalist
He was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism.
Leaves of Grass
Portland 1807 – Cambridge 1882
American Poet and Educator
Paul Revere’s Ride
The song of Hiawatha
Translated Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy”
One of the five Fireside Poets.
New York 1783 Sunnyside 1859
Author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century.
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
Rip Van Winkle
The biographies of:
Salem 1804 – Plymouth 1864
The Scarlet Letter
The House of Seven Gables
Cambridgeport 1810 – Fire Island 1950
Journalist, Critic, and Women’s Rights Advocate
Summer on the Lakes (1844)
Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845)
Papers on Literature and Art (1846)
Burlington N.J. 1789 – Cooperstown NY, 1851
Sailor and Writer.
The Last of the Mohicans.
New York or the Towns of Manhattan
James Fenimore Cooper
Boston 1803 – Concord 1882
Essayist, Poet, Lecturer, and leader of the Transcendentalism of the 19th Century.
Nature (Essay 1836)
English Traits (Collection 1856)
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The most important thing in the universe is spirit, or the Oversoul (God).
The Transcendentalists stress the importance of the individual.
The Transcendentalists have a fresh perception of nature as symbolic of God.
The Westward Movement.
The newness as a nation.
American moral values were basically Puritan.
The immigration in large numbers brought in mingling of races, which made American literature take on a variety in subject matter.
North American Literature.
Characteristics of Romantic Writing.
An innate and intuitive perception of man, nature and society reliance on the subconscious, the inner life, the abnormal psychology.
An emphasis on freedom, individualism and imagination rebellion against neoclassicism which stressed formality, order and authority.
Coming 20 years later than its British counterpart, American Romanticism was regarded as a period of Renaissance in art and literature in the United States.
Romanticism remained one of the glories of the age. It accelerated the spread of democracy to the downtrodden and the poor. And it remains evident today.
William Cullen Bryant
Cummington 1794 New York 1878
Romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post.
To a waterfowl
Translated Homer’s Iliad and The Odessey