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Government during the Renaissance and Reformation
Transcript of Government during the Renaissance and Reformation
During the Renaissance, new monarchs like Henry VII passed laws against allowing Nobles to maintain armies. This stopped the frequent wars between nobility which often destabilized a region. Another way Government brought about stability was by using diplomacy - the Italian City-States and the English Tudors did this - instead of declaring war. By using diplomacy and outlawing private armies, Governments brought about stability to different regions.
Government is created to bring stability to a region.
However, some governments fostered instability.
Since the Holy Roman Empire did not have a strong central government and instead had several small states: princely states, ecclesiastical states and imperial free cities, the country became divided over Martin Luther's ideas. Instability ravaged the country due to the type of government used by the Holy Roman Empire and the instability did not stop until all the state governments agreed with the central government. Due to the instability created by this type of government, the Holy Roman Empire eventually dissolved in the early 1800's since it could not keep up with the centralized power of the governments of France, America, and England. This shows that some governments foster instability and eventually dissolve due to the lack of central government.
Over time the people in charge of a government change beliefs which changes the government's role.
In England during the Reformation, the crown moved quickly from one ruler to another - Edward VI to Mary to Elizabeth I - which caused the government's role in society to fluctuate quickly. With Edward VI, as the head of the church, the government was in charge of both the secular and religious life; with Mary, as a catholic, the government was only in charge of the secular while the Catholic church was in charge of the religious life; meanwhile, during Elizabeth I's rule, as the head of the church, the government regained its role in secular and religious life. The role a government plays in society changes over time.