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Intro manufacturing late 1800's

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Mark White

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of Intro manufacturing late 1800's

U.S. Manufacture
Workers came from the countryside or emigrated from Europe to work in the factories.
U.S. Industry
In 1800s, American Industry was truly born.
In 1800s, the industrial revolution was the time when people became inspired by opportunity which led to the development of U.S. manufacturing.
Eli Whitney
An American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin
His machine could generate up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable for the southern states.
Eli Whitney revolutionized the arms industry and transformed manufacturing by developing interchangeable parts.
The interchangeable parts were ultimately more important because it makes all machine-manufactured parts become standard.
Samuel Colt
Patent law in 1790 did such a great profit to the industry by allowed inventors to secure patents for new devices and processes.
Protects his inventions
Samuel Slater
Brought the English factory to the US ...he worked for a textile mill and memorized all of the equipment for the mill and brought it to the US
Household manufacturing-Cottage Industry was almost universal in colonial days, with local craftsmen providing for their communities.
The Cottage Industry was replaced - first by small gathering of workers in one place-eventually the factory became the method of production
Oliver Evans

Francis Lowell
Refined the power systems for the steam engine.
Making all work available by steam.
No longer necessary to be by stream or river for power.
Like Slater, Lowell was inspired to make his own manufacturing enterprise in the United States.
The principal founder of what is said to have been the world’s first textile mill in which were performed all operations converting raw cotton into finished cloth.
Lowell system hired young women - housed and fed and protected them from life......1st women to have independent money
Benevolent Employers-women's movement.
Foundational Inventors
Manufacturers began to adopt labor-saving machinery that allowed workers to produce more goods at lower costs.
The Worker-Conflicts
The Strike of 1877, also known as 'The Great Strike' took place on railroads across the nation.
The strike was the result of continued wage cuts of the laborers such as engineers and trainmen, while many of the companies continued to pay out dividends to its stockholders.
When the wage cut was announced on July 11, 1877, the workers had had enough. The strike started in Baltimore and spread across the entire nation.
Heavy Industry
The Rise of HEAVY INDUSTRY workers began to move close to work. Ubanization revolved around the workplace. Cities-Pittsburgh= steel
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