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Unit 3 - Early State and National Government
Transcript of Unit 3 - Early State and National Government
Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists
- Supported Constitution
- Favored STRONG national government
The delegates kept the work of their convention completely secret.
They now decided to dispose of the Articles (of Confederation) completely and write a new Constitution.
Stop and Think!
Do you think it was necessary to keep delegates' meetings so secretive that they did not keep records?
Why do you think delegates came from so many different backgrounds and professions?
Creating the Constitution
The Road to the Constitution (pg. 71)
Constitutional Convention -
meeting to draft a new plan of government that would replace the flawed Articles of Confederation
55 wealthy, educated men. (No women, Native Americans, or African Americans)
*George Washington was unanimously voted to lead convention
Each state got 1 vote.
Simple majority (51%) would decide any issue.
New Jersey Plan
- Strong national govt., with 3 branches
- Included president, courts, and a two-chamber congress.
- Bigger states get more votes.
- 3 branch national govt.
- One-house congress
- Each state gets 1 vote, no matter its population
- Congress sets taxes and regulates trade
The Great Compromise
Proposal: Congress will have two houses.
1.) House of Representatives
- Representation based on population (please larger states)
- Each state would have equal representation (please smaller states)
What are the 6 purposes of the government?
"We the People, in order to..."
- To form a ________________________
- To establish _______________
- To ensure ______________________
- To provide for the __________________________
- To promote the ________________________
- To secure the blessings of _______________
"I would bury my bones in this city rather than leave the Convention without anything being done."
- George Mason (remarks at the constitution)
What do you think Mason meant by this quote?
The Three-Fifths Compromise
wanted to count slaves in their population to increase voting power.
said no because slaves can't vote anyway.
Every 5 enslaved persons would count as 3 free persons.
Read the James Madison biography on page 76 and write down 3 interesting facts about him.
* Known as "Father of the Constitution"
* Secretary of State (under Jefferson)
* 4th U.S. President
* Initially opposed Bill of Rights
- Opposed Constitution
- Believed government would take away their liberties
- Wanted Bill of Rights to protect people
Hamilton, Madison, Jay
The Second Continental Congress made plans for a Confederation.
Article 1 - Legislative Branch (Congress) will make laws.
Article II - Executive Branch (President & Cabinet) powers & duties.
Article III - Judicial Branch (Supreme Court & lower courts) interpret laws
* A proposed amendment becomes law when it is
ratified by 3/4
of the states.
Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause)
Elastic – allows Congress to stretch the meaning of its power to deal with changing needs of the nation
Minimum wage, Military draft
How would you explain the difference between the Articles of Confederation (our 1st government) and the U.S. Constitution?
The Treaty of Paris marked a victory over Great Britain in the Revolutionary War.
The U.S. had a massive debt after fighting the expensive war.
The states began taxing colonists on everything in order to pay off their debt.
Daniel Shays, farmer in debt because of taxes, armed 1200 people and attacked federal weapons stash.
Why did Americans decide that they would be stronger if they united rather than continue to operate as 13 different entities?
Why would citizens who had just won a revolution be so willing to go to battle against their new government??
(Think of Daniel Shays!)
pgs. 72-75 and write down 2 questions you have.
pgs. 72-75 and write down 3-5 noteworthy concepts or ideas.
(1) Read page 67.
(2) In your notebook, write what the phrase "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" means to you. Why did the writers of the Declaration of Independence include these ideas as "Rights of the people?"
Read pages 68-69.
(confederation & ratify)
and outline the pages by writing down important ideas or concepts.
Then write down 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. (chart on pg. 69)
Read page 70.
Why did the colonies decide they needed a national government IN ADDITION TO state governments?
Read page 77.
(1) What type of people supported the Federalists? And Why?
Read page 78.
(2) Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the Constitution?
Read page 80
(1) What is the Preamble to the Constitution?
(2) How many branches of government are there? What are they?
(3) What is the main purpose of Article I?
Read page 81.
(1) Which branch of government enforces laws under the Constitution?
(2) Create an outline / graphic organizer of the Constitution and its seven articles.
Look at the chart on page 89.
Write 2 examples of each:
- Expressed Powers
- Reserved Powers
- Concurrent Powers
ook at the "Comparing Governments" chart on page 81.
(1) How was the power to make laws limited under the Articles of Confederation?
(2) What branches of government did the Constitution add?