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BE and Have
Transcript of BE and Have
We can use
or expressions of
She is late / I´m hungry / Are you a doctor? / is everybody here?
We use a special structure with
There is To introduce things: to say that they exist.
There´s a strange woman at the doctor.
There was an accident in the highway.
can be an
She is working. / It was made in Hong Kong.
BE: Present Am / Is / Are
+ Subject + Be + Complement
I am a doctor.
- Subject + Be + Not + Complement
We are not Ready.
? Subject + Be + Complement
Are you Colombian?
Wh ? Wh + Be + Subject + Complement
Where are Leon and Carlos?
In conversation and informal writing, we use contractions.
I am / You are / He is / She is / It is / We are / You are / They are
I´m / You´re / He´s / She´s / It´s / We´re / You´re / They´re
Who / What / When / Where / Why / How
BE: Past and Future
+ Subj + Was / Were + Comp
- Subj + Was / Were + Not + Comp
? Was / Were + Subj + Comp
Wh ? Wh + Was / Were + Subj + Comp
+ Subj + Will be + Comp
- Subj + Will + Not + Be + Comp
? Will + Subj + Be + Comp
Wh ? Wh + Will + Subj + Be + Comp
HAVE ( have / has / had
We can use
to talk about
and some other ideas.
Do you have a car? / I don´t have any brothers? / Ann has got a headache?
We can use have to talk about some
kind of actions.
I´m going to have a shower. / What time do you have breakfast?
can also be an
I haven´t seen her all day
HAVE: Present, Past, Future
+ I have a car.
- I don´t have a car.
? Do you have a car?
+ I had a car.
- I didn´t have a car.
? Did you have a car?
+ John will have a car.
- John will not have a car.
? Will John have a car?
We make simple present and past questions and negatives with Do (pr) / Does (pr) / Did (past)
We often use got with have, especially in spoken English, and especially in the present.
I have got a car. = I have a car / I´ve got a car.
Have you got a car? = Do you have a car?
To make questions (?) with have got, we put Have / Has before the Subject.
+ I have got a cold.
? Have you got a cold?
We don´t use got in the future.
THERE IS, ARE / WAS, WERE
There is, There are
to say that something or somebody
, we put
THERE: Present, Past, Future
not ( aren´t)
not be (won´t be)