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BE and Have

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by

John Vergara

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of BE and Have

BE and Have
BE

We can use
adjectives
,
nouns
or expressions of
place
after
be
.

She is late / I´m hungry / Are you a doctor? / is everybody here?

We use a special structure with
be
There is To introduce things: to say that they exist.

There´s a strange woman at the doctor.
There was an accident in the highway.

Be
can be an
auxiliary verb
in
progressive tenses
. and
passive.

She is working. / It was made in Hong Kong.



BE: Present Am / Is / Are
+ Subject + Be + Complement
I am a doctor.

- Subject + Be + Not + Complement
We are not Ready.

? Subject + Be + Complement
Are you Colombian?

Wh ? Wh + Be + Subject + Complement
Where are Leon and Carlos?

Be: Contractions
In conversation and informal writing, we use contractions.

I am / You are / He is / She is / It is / We are / You are / They are

I´m / You´re / He´s / She´s / It´s / We´re / You´re / They´re
QUESTION WORDS
Who / What / When / Where / Why / How
BE: Past and Future
Past
+ Subj + Was / Were + Comp
- Subj + Was / Were + Not + Comp
? Was / Were + Subj + Comp
Wh ? Wh + Was / Were + Subj + Comp

Future
+ Subj + Will be + Comp
- Subj + Will + Not + Be + Comp
? Will + Subj + Be + Comp
Wh ? Wh + Will + Subj + Be + Comp

HAVE ( have / has / had
We can use
have
or
have got
to talk about
possession
,
relationships
and some other ideas.
Do you have a car? / I don´t have any brothers? / Ann has got a headache?

We can use have to talk about some
kind of actions.
I´m going to have a shower. / What time do you have breakfast?

Have
can also be an
auxiliary verb
in
perfect tenses.
I haven´t seen her all day
HAVE: Present, Past, Future
Present:
+ I have a car.
- I don´t have a car.
? Do you have a car?
Past:
+ I had a car.
- I didn´t have a car.
? Did you have a car?
Future:
+ John will have a car.
- John will not have a car.
? Will John have a car?

We make simple present and past questions and negatives with Do (pr) / Does (pr) / Did (past)

HAVE
We often use got with have, especially in spoken English, and especially in the present.

I have got a car. = I have a car / I´ve got a car.
Have you got a car? = Do you have a car?

To make questions (?) with have got, we put Have / Has before the Subject.
+ I have got a cold.
? Have you got a cold?
We don´t use got in the future.

THERE IS, ARE / WAS, WERE
We use
There is, There are
to say that something or somebody
exists.

To make
questions
with
there is
, we put
is

before

there.
THERE: Present, Past, Future
Present:
+ There
is
- There
are
not ( aren´t)
?
Is
there?

Past:
+ There
was
- There
was
not (wasn´t)
?
Was
there?

Future:
+ There
will
be
- There
will
not be (won´t be)
?
Will
there be?
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