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Transcript of Prohibition
we'll ever drink,
Whiskey or gin, brandy
Or anything that'll make
-Chant of The Cold Water
Army HISTORY OF PROHIBITION People began to understand how dangerous the effects of alcohol were in 1784, when Dr. Benjamin Rush led a scientific study on the effects of alcohol. In 1830, the average man was drinking four gallons of spirits per year (which is a LOT). Lots of people became addicted to alcohol, which was VERY bad-it can change your health drastically.
People began to start fights for temperance (moderation in drinking. They began to realize how much of a problem drunkenness was and started to campaign against alcohol. Preachers turned temperance into a religious cause and started the American Temperance Society in 1826.
In 1838, there was a law made in Massachusetts stating that you could only buy liquor if you bought fifteen gallons or more at a time. In 1846, Maine outlawed alcohol completely. By 1855, twelve more states had done this. The National Prohibition Society and the Women's Crusade (later known as the Women's Christian Temperance Union) were formed. No matter what they did, alcohol comsumption rose with the population of cities in 1900. In 1893, the Anti-Saloon League tried to get rid of a bunch of saloons. They tried to get "dry" territory (where no licensing of saloons was allowed. In 1907, states began adopting prohibition laws. In 1916, 24 states supported prohibition. It went to Congress and earned a constitutional amendment. By 1918, most alcohol production had stopped, though the Eighteenth Amendment had yet to be passed. On January 16, 1919 Nebraska became the 36th state to ratify the bill and it became the Eighteenth Amendment on JAnuary 17, 1920. The whole country was dry. A comic about prohibition ANGRY WIVES. HAHA. Sampling the "Real Stuff". NO ALCOHOL! A protest button. A newspaper. The title says it all. Pouring out illegal substances. (beer) MORE pouring out illegal substances. PIKSHURRS. BOOTLEG WARS BOOTLEG WARS The Bootleg Wars occured during Prohibition when illegal alcohol was continuously smuggled. At about one o'clock on January 17, 1920, a truck drove up to a railroad switching yard in Chicago and, after locking up the guards, loaded 100,000 dollars of whiskey onto their truck. This was the day that Prohibition became the Eighteenth Amendment, and people were already stealing and smuggling alcohol. Many mobsters began organizing
crimes when they realized how profitable
smuggling alcohol could be. There was a
two year war for the control of the city's two Italian mobs which were very successful.
Dozens of gangsters were killed. In 1931,
Meyer Lansky's gang murdered the "boss
of bosses", which left Meyer Lansky and Frank Costello in charge. Many prominent
gangsters made themselves known during
this period, including Al Capone and Bugs
Moran. The Bootleg Wars ended when liquor was relegalized. The mobs, however, became a lot more tricky. Organized crime began during this time, and it is still with us today. SPEAKEASIES-a saloon or nightclub selling alcoholic beverages illegally, especially during Prohibition.
The name "speakeasy" is thought to come from Pennsylvania in 1888, when the Brooks High-License Act raised the state's fee for a saloon license from $50 to $500. The number of licensed bars promptly plummeted, but some bars continued to operate illegally. Kate Hester had run a saloon for years in McKeesport, just outside of Pittsburgh. She refused to pay the new license fee and wanted to keep from drawing attention to her illegal business. When her customers got too rowdy, she would hush them by whispering, "Speak easy, boys! Speak easy!" THE END!!