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Anna O'Brien, Kelly Cameron and Brin Underdown

Brin Underdown

on 17 May 2015

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Transcript of Sustainability

Sustainability can be described as the practice of being able to utilise a resource in such a way that it will last indefinitely and will not jeopardise others use of it. (Landlearnnsw.org.au, 2015)

According to The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2015), actions to develop sustainability are both individual and collective endeavours shared across local and global communities. They necessitate a renewed and balanced approach to the way humans interact with each other and the environment.

By investing in sustainable practices such as gardening, recycling, energy and water conservation, we prolong earth's resources and nurture a healthier environment, an economically sound and socially conscious future.
Energy Conservation
There are harmful by-products in our air due to burning fossil fuels. This process has a negative impact on air quality which affects our health. If we conserve a greater amount of energy, the air quality will improve which in turn will provide improvements in the health of a population. (Bratley, 2013)
Water Conservation

Water conservation is defined as the socially beneficial reduction of water use or water loss. ( Baumann, D., Boland, J., Silms, J. 1980).
It is the careful management, preservation, control, and development of water resources to maintain water and prevent pollution.


Establishing a vegetable garden can reduce the amount of money spent on fresh fruits and vegetables. The costs of all of the input factors such as seeds, tools, fertilisers, and pesticides can add up. Studies have shown that the economic benefits do outweigh the costs and gardening also promotes healthy eating. (JOE),2015)

(Pixabay.com, 2015)
Environmental Factors

As there is only a limited supply of freshwater available it is vital to conserve it for the sustainability of estuarine environments. Waste water reuse for irrigation purposes will help in lessening the burden on freshwater. Water efficiency helps to protect the environment by conserving water resources and natural water habitats. (Parker, 2015)
Recycling is the process whereby products are re-used to prevent waste accumulation, or old goods are re-manufactured, turning them into new products. The purposes of recycling are to reduce raw material consumption, to conserve energy, and to reduce pollution and landfill. (Bratley, 2015)

Economical Factors


(JOE), T. (2015). What Are the Economic Costs and Benefits of Home Vegetable Gardens?. The Journal of Extension (JOE). Retrieved 30 April 2015, from http://www.joe.org/joe/2014april/rb5.php
Parker, C. (2015). Water Reuse and Conservation - IWA Water Wiki - Open Access Information for the Global Water Community. Iwawaterwiki.org. Retrieved 30 April 2015, from http://www.iwawaterwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Articles/WaterReuseandConservation

Bratley, J. (2013). Why Energy Conservation Is Important | Clean Energy Ideas. Clean Energy Ideas. Retrieved 30 April 2015, from http://www.clean-energy-ideas.com/energy/energy-conservation/why-energy-conservation-is-important
Bratley, J., Bratley, J., Bratley, J., & Bratley, J. (2015). Overview | Clean Energy Ideas. Clean Energy Ideas. Retrieved 30 April 2015, from http://www.clean-energy-ideas.com/category/recycling/overview
Pixabay.com,. (2015). Recycling, Sign, Green, Symbol - Free Image on Pixabay. Retrieved 30 April 2015, from http://pixabay.com/en/recycling-sign-green-symbol-294079/

Landlearnnsw.org.au,. (2015). What is sustainability?. Retrieved 5 May 2015, from http://www.landlearnnsw.org.au/sustainability/what-is-sustainability
In this presentation, we have assessed the credibility of the online sources used by applying Metzger’s five criteria of evaluation; being: accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency and coverage to each individual site. (Metzger, 2007). Each source used was considered to be trusted as the information presented was error free and reflected other similar online sources, while all the authors appeared academically reliable. The sources were up to date, free from advertising and in most cases provided contact information to verify authority.

Metzger, M.J. (2007). Making sense of credibility on the Web: Models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 58(13), 2078-2091.
Sustainable practices can be implemented by everyone to ensure the long term health of our environment for future generations to enjoy and to meet their needs. These involve but are not limited to recycling, gardening, water conservation and energy conservation.

The above lifestyle approaches occur in order for future generations enjoyment of the natural environment. Interactions between the natural systems can impact greatly on society and the environment, which then effects our way of life and our future.

Employing sustainable practices now not only helps the environment but also creates awareness of the environment's state, strengthens the economy and encourages better living standards.
(Flickr - Photo Sharing!, 2015)
Flickr - Photo Sharing!,. (2015). 91957046. Retrieved 5 May 2015, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/88786104@N08/8800589580
Recycling is beneficial for a community as
a whole but also for the environment. It eliminates the amount of waste sent to landfills, conserves natural resources, saves
energy, cuts greenhouse gas emissions,
helps maintain the environment, and by diminishing the demand to collect new raw materials we are stopping pollution.

Carbon dioxide produced through the burning of fossil fuels has been identified as a significant contributor to climate change, and as a result, puts increasing pressure on renewable energy resources. By conserving energy we are able to improve air quality, and consequently our health, as well as prolong these already limited energy resources (Bratley, 2013).
Community and home gardens represent a social involvement and participation. A social garden allows access to social resources and opportunities for social learning, as well as defining and reinforcing meaningful
social roles. Aesthetic experiences, along with social involvement, shape one's knowledge and appreciation of the social, physical, and natural landscapes.
(Lift, J.S., Soobader, M.J., Turbin, M.S., Hale, J.W., Buchenau, M., & Marshall, J. (2011).)
Economical Factors
Energy efficiency benefits individuals, all countries, as well as the world. By running a sustainable household, families are thinking about the type and amount of resources which are being used. How things are being recycled and disposed of are also being considered. All of this conserves the natural environment, but also conserves energy.

Environmental Factors
Social Factors
The collection and reproduction of suitable
materials successfully reduces the amount of landfill created, which is an important issue in terms of land availability with the growing population. Community recycling enterprises are responsible for creating employment, reducing landfill and spreading awareness of the importance of recycling (CRN Australia, 2015).

Sustainable gardening is an environmentally and economically viable convention that encompasses many practices including composting, mulching, worm farms and grey water. Adopting these methods both individually and profesionally preserves and promotes the natural environment whilst reducing human impact (Sustainable Gardening Australia, 2015).
Social Factors
Economical Factors
Less than one per cent of the world’s freshwater supply is useable. Salinity, erosion and desertification from overuse of natural resources costs the Australian Government billions each year (savewater! Alliance Inc, 2013). Water conservation through reuse, reducing personal water use and investing in rainwater tanks are some ways we can individually take the pressure off the increasing demand.
Australian Curriculum and Assessment Reporting Authority (ACARA). (2014). Cross-curriculum priorities: Sustainability. Retrieved from http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/crosscurriculumpriorities/Sustainability
Baumann, D.D., Boland, J.J., Silms, J.H. (1980). The Problem of Defining Water Conservation.The Cornet Papers. University of Victoria, Victoria. Retrieved 1 May 2015, from bvs.per.paho.org/bvsair/e/repindex/repi48/principles/principles.html
( Flickr - Photo Sharing!, 2010 )
Flickr - Photo Sharing!.,. (2010). 4632798531. Retrieved 10 May 2015, from http://www.flickr.com/photos/4632798531/in/photolist-84oiAK-
Lift, J.S., Soobader, M.J., Turbin, M.S., Hale, J.W., Buchenau, M., & Marshall, J.A. (2011). The Influence of Social Involvement, Neighborhood Aesthetics, and Community Garden Participation on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. Retrieved 2 May 2015, from
Credibility of Online Sources
Sustainable Gardening Australia. (2015). Why Sustainable Gardening? Retrieved 20 April 2015, from http://www.sgaonline.org.au/why-sustainable-gardening/#more-11500
savewater! Alliance Inc. (2013). Excessive Consumption and its Effects. Retrieved 20 April 2015, from http://www.savewater.com.au/research-and-resources/why-save-water/consumption
CRN Australia. (2015). Aims and Objectives. Retrieved 20 April 2015, from http://communityrecycling.com.au/about-crn/aims--objectives
Environmental Factors
(Pixabay, 2015)
Guided Meditation Music, (Producer). (2000). Deep Woods. On
Nature Sounds
[CD]. n.p.: Guided Meditation Music.
Nathan, S. (2009).
Sustainability - Saving this for the next generation
[Image]. Retrieved May 10, 2015, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/sutheshnathan/3191341672/in/photolist-5Ui62v-aNcgGa-e85ppJ-5S1sGh-kcCuVQ-53Uzwa-4E9Hjk-3eVnkt-dT7SDo-dYL6e-aiam9u-5V6yLw-kyuKvx-4NEM3H-hgm1L6-ggaBdH-bjU5mU-hgmmz3-e7YDQM-8BMiVf-eA8yZU-7Cfiif-bjcsRe-9rhfaz-6s1ssp-dqgupE-8Lff25-jKc5sh-8Qg3uq-oZZPtZ-ayhK8k-5iGhmn-aFcBd7-7DDw9W-8GowjS-624yM9-b7Mujt-fa8yiU-aFcB5f-6ja9bf-eDYNSz-pEkSpq-6AzXRC-pWyuCR-aFcAto-7bHxQ5-h7a5N9-yCa7Q-9VgFtU-9iBZX8
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