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Qatif Central Hospital

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Zainab Hok

on 3 December 2015

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Transcript of Qatif Central Hospital

Qatif Central Hospital
How to Avoid Getting H1N1 virus
Presented By:
Zainab Harooh
H1N1 Flu
Respiratory infected.

Is an infection caused by a virus.

The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human.
Direct contact
Indirect contact
Symptoms of novel H1N1 flu in people are similar to those associated with seasonal flu.
Sore throat
Runny or stuffy nose
Body aches
In addition, vomiting (25%) and diarrhea (25%) have been reported. (Higher rate than for seasonal flu.)

Transmission & Symptoms
This happens when non-infected people touch physically with infected people such as shaking hands, which are virus-contaminated.
occurs when non-infected people touch virus-contaminated objects that infected people touch those with not washing their hands.
Is a transmission through the air via sneezing or coughing.
It happens through spread of microorganism by ventilation system

Airborne consists of organisms in droplet nuclei and dust so that non-infected people in hospitals can be infected through ventilation system
The orally active drug to bring about oseltamivir carboxylate that is specific to inhibit to influenza virus
To make the body to produce antibodies.
Due to the ever changing virus and its many strains, a vaccine from previous years may not efficiently combat the new virus as the antigens on the new virus were changed.
Manage visitor access and movement within the facility
Establish procedures for managing visitors to include:

1- Limiting visitors for patients in isolation for influenza to persons who are necessary for the patient's emotional well-being and care.

2- Ask visitor to put on a surgical mask.

3- Scheduling and controlling visits to allow for:

Screening for symptoms of acute respiratory illness before entering the hospital.
Instruction, before entering the patient’s room, on hand hygiene, limiting surfaces touched, and use of PPE according to current facility policy while in the patient's room.
Visitors should be instructed to limit their movement within the facility.
Visitors should perform hand hygiene before and after all patient contacts.
Outpatient and Inpatient Management

1- Patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms
should be immediately masked and as soon as feasible

moved to a private room.

2-A Droplet Precaution sign
should be

placed on the patient’s door.

3- Healthcare workers should don a mask (surgical mask or N95 respirator)
prior to entering a room of a suspected or confirmed H1N1 patient and wear the mask even if the patient is also masked.

An N95 respirator and face shield should be used
by all healthcare workers when performing cough-inducing procedures (e.g., nasopharyngeal swabs (with hepa-filter or in negative pressure room), bronchoscopy, nebulized medications, breathing treatments).

5- Should be
informed that the patient is on Droplet Precautions.

Patients who are discharged and suspected of having H1N1
should be informed to stay home for at least 24 hours after fever is gone.

If the patient must travel for a procedure, the receiving area
should be notified prior to transport and the patient should wear a surgical mask while outside of their room.

8- Perform hand hygiene before and after all patient contacts – WASH IN and WASH OUT.
Clinicians can request removal of isolation precautions for patients meeting the following criteria:

Non-immunocompromised adults:
7 days after onset of symptoms or until the resolution of symptoms, whichever is longer.

Non-immunocompromised children:
10 days after onset of symptoms or until the resolution of symptoms, whichever is longer.

Controls to Prevent Influenza Transmission in Healthcare Settings
Facilities should use controls approach to prevent exposure of healthcare personnel and patients and prevent influenza transmission within healthcare settings.
Elimination of potential exposures
Engineering controls
Include installing partitions in triage areas and other public spaces, to reduce exposures.
Using closed suctioning systems for airways suction in intubated patients.
Administrative controls
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Promoting and providing vaccination.
Enforcing exclusion of ill healthcare personnel.
Implementing respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette strategies.
Setting up triage stations and separate areas for patients who visit emergency departments with influenza-like illness.

Hand washing
Definition H1N1 Flu, Transmission, Symptoms and Treatment.
Manage visitor access and movement within the facility.
Outpatient and Inpatient Management.
Controls to Prevent Influenza Transmission in Healthcare Settings.
Wash or cleanse hands

Wash or cleanse hands

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