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Adaptaion Assignment

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Sydney Robertson

on 10 October 2015

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Transcript of Adaptaion Assignment

Adaptation Assignment
Chimp and German Shepard
German Shepard
(AKA Pan troglodytes)
(AKA Canis lupus familiaris)
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primate
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Pan
Species: P. troglodytes
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species: C. lupus
Subspecies: C. l. familiaris
King Cobra and Giant Salamander
King Cobra
Giant Salamander
(AKA Ophiophagus hannah)
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Ophiophagus
Species: O. hannah
(AKA Andrias japonicus)

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Cryptobranchidae
Genus: Andrias
Species: A. japonicus
Blue Whale and Northern Pike
Blue Whale
Northern Pike
(AKA Balaenoptera musculus)
(AKA Esox lucius)
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetartiodactyla[a]
Family: Balaenopteridae
Genus: Balaenoptera
Species: B. musculus
Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Esociformes
Family: Esocidae
Genus: Esox
Species: E. lucius
German Shepard
King Cobra
Giant Salamander
Blue Whale
Northern Pike
Similarities and Differences
Similarities and Differences
Similarities and Differences
Similarities and Differences
Chimp and German Shepard
King Cobra and Giant Salamander
Similarities and Differences
Blue Whale and Northern Pike
Similarities and Differences
Amebelodon (greek for "shovel tusk")
Habitat: The plains of North America
Shovel shaped tusks, large

Habitat: The jungles of Eurasia
Long tusks, short legs

Barytherium (greek for "heavy mammal")
Habitat: The woodlands of Africa
2 pairs of tusks on the upper and lower jaws (8 tusks in total)

Habitat: The woodlands of North and South America
Medium size, long spiraling tusks

Habitat: The woodlands of Africa and Eurasia
Tusks that curve downwards on the lower jaw, large size.

Dwarf Elephant
Habitat: Small islands in the Mediterranean Sea
Long tusks, small

Gomphotherium (Greek for "welded mammal")
Habitat: Swamps of North America, Africa and Eurasia
Strait tusks on the tope jaw, shovel shaped tusks on the lower jaw

Mammut (AKA the North American Mastadon)
Habitat: North America

Mammuthus (AKA the Wooly Mammoth)
15 foot tusks

Elephant Relatives
Moeritherium (Greek for "Lake Moeris mammal")
Habitat: Swamps of Northern Africa
Small, long nose and upper lip

Palaeomastodon (Greek for "ancient mastodon)
Habitat: Swamps of Northern Africa
Long, flat head, upper and lower tusks

Habitat: Woodland of Northern Africa
Short trunk and tusks, small size

Phosphatherium (Greek for "phosphate mammal")
Habitat: The woodland of Africa
Small size, narrow nose

Platybelodon (Greek for "flat tusk")
Habitat: Plains of Africa and Eurasia
Flat, shovel shaped tusks

Primelephas (Greek for "first elephant")
Habitat: The woodlands of Africa
Similar to modern elephants, lower and upper tusks

Stegomastodon (Greek for "roof nippled tooth")
Habitat: The plains of North and South America
Tusks that curve upwards, medium size

Stegotetrabelodon (Greek for "roofed four tusks")
Habitat: The woodlands of Central Asia
Upper and lower tusks, large

Straight-Tusked Elephant (Elephas Antiquus)
Habitat: The plains of Western Europe
Long, curved tusks, large size

Tetralophodon (Greek for "four-ridged tooth")
Habitat: Woodlands across the world
Four tusks, medium size
2-3 million years ago
Straight Tusked Elephant
50,000 to 1 million years ago
6-7 million years ago
10,000 to 3 million years ago
5 million years ago
6-10 million years ago
55-60 million years ago
30-37 million years ago
35 million years ago
30-37 million years ago
12,000 to 30,000 years ago
5-15 million years ago
Dwarf Elephant
10,000 to 2 million years ago
10,000 to 10 million years ago
10,000 to 5 million years ago
30-40 million years ago
1.5-3 million years ago
6-10 million years ago
opposable thumbs and fingers with fingernails (they're feet are also like hands
for climbing, picking things up, etc.
live in the wild, they need to hunt and fend for themselves
strong arms and legs
sharp teeth
paws with large nails
for digging
domestic animals, they lack the skills to survive
breaths air
blubber (thick skin)
have a baleen plate
use vocalization
live in sat water
live in the water
have fins
both blend into their environment
Blue Whales are blue/grey and live in the ocean
Northern Pike are green and brown and live in rivers and streams
small, sharp teeth
not a mammal
live in mostly fresh water
Chimpanzees and German Shepards may have many differences but they also share some similarities. One of the biggest differences between these two animals is that Chimpanzees have opposable thumbs and German Shepards do not. Their opposable thumbs can be used for climbing, picking things up, etc. While on the other hand dogs have paws with large claws which are good for digging. Another difference between the two is that Chimpanzees have all the necessary skills to survive in the wild but German Shepards do not. Since Chimpanzees live in the wild they have to know how to hunt and fend for themselves. However German Shepards do not require these skills because they are often domestic house pets so their "people" feed and take care of them. Chimpanzees and German Shepards also have a few structural similarities such as their sharp teeth, fur and strong arms and legs.
Chimpanzees and German Shepards may be very different from each other but they are also similar in some ways.
You would think that Blue Whales and Norther Pike would have many similarities but they are also very different. First they both live in water and are well adapted to live in that environment. However, unlike the Northern Pike, the Blue Whale does not have gills and must rise to the surface to get air. Another similarity between the Northern Pike and the Blue whale is that they both blend into their environments. The Blue Whale is a blue, grey colour to blend into the ocean water and the Northern Pike is a green, brown colour to blend into the shallow creeks and rivers where they live.
Also unlike the Northern Pike, which has scales, the Blue Whale has a thick skin called blubber to keep it warm in the cold ocean temperature. Blue whales also have baleen plates, live in salt water and are mammals as opposed to the Northern Pike which has teeth, lives in fresh water and is not a mammal. Just because two organisms are sea creatures doesn't mean they are completely similar.
no arms or legs
have arms and legs
breath through their skin and their throats
long tongues to catch bugs
not mammals
live in damp, wet places
Use and disuse
if they use something more it will get bigger/ strong, if they use something less it will get smaller/ weaker.
will be inherited by offspring
Organisms are always aiming for perfection
Aquired traits are inherited by offspring
everything that happens to the parent will happen to their offspring
ex. if the parent loses an arm then their offspring will also be missing that arm
King Cobras and Giant Salamanders share many similarities and differences. First, they are similar because of their habitats. Both organisms usually live in wet, damp places. Also neither of them are mammals, they both lay eggs. King Cobras even make nests to put their eggs in. Lastly, an obvious structural difference between the two is that the Giant Salamander has legs to crawl with, where the King Cobra just slithers around instead. King Cobras may be very similar but they are also very different.
Lamarck's Theories
Survival of the fittest
the organisms that are better adapted to their environment have a better chance of survival
can even occur within the same species
Organisms are always competing to survive
they compete for food, water and shelter
Origin of a new species by inheritance of variation
a new species can occur through the accumulation of inherited variation
Organisms produce more offspring than needed
to ensure the species live on
Organisms adapt to better thrive in their environment.
Organisms are always changing, evolving and adapting.
Darwin's Theories
Theories of Evolution
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