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Word-Formation Processes

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Jorge Blázquez Ferrón

on 21 December 2014

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Transcript of Word-Formation Processes

Word-Formation Processes
INTRODUCTION
In this presentation, we are going to talk about how the language is USED in this well-known Katy Perry's song "Last Friday Night" . Along this work you'll realize how and why the language used in this song is a youth slang...
DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY
Derivational or lexical morphology deals with the formation of new lexemes.
It may be class-maintaining or class-changing.

INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY
CLIPPING
Clipping is the word formation process which consists in the reduction of a word to one of its parts.
It is also known as "truncation" or "shortening"

EXAMPLES
Strange-(e)r
Pound-ing
Skin-(n)y
Inflectional or grammatical morphology deals with the differences between the shapes of the inflectional forms of variable lexemes.
Inflectional suffixes carry a grammatical meaning and do not change the class of the word to which they are added.

On Katy Perry's song "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)"
EXAMPLES
There are plenty of them. There go some of them:
Passe-ed, end-ed,
kiss-ed, card-s, dot-s, rule-(e)d
4 different types of clipping
Back Clipping
Fore-Clipping
Middle Clipping
Complex Clipping
"DJ"
The original word is Disc Jockey. It's also an acronym.
"POOL"
The original word is swimming pool
This image also represents the view we have nowadays of the word "Barbies" when it refers a group of girls.
CLITICS
They are elements placed between separate words and affixes.
Some examples of clitics are the following:
There's, We're, It's, DJ's, Don't ...
SUPPLETION
This is probably one of the most usual examples of word-formation.
The irregular verbs form is the most usual form to see them. e.g:
got, took, went, had...
ACRONYMS
It is formed from the initial letters of words (in case of Alphabetism) that make up a new word
"TGIF"
COMPOUND WORDS
Compounds are lexical unions formed by two or more meaningful bases, working both as a single word grammatically and semantically.
4 types of compounds
Endocentric
Exocentric (Bahuvriri)
Appositional
Copulative (Dvanda)
Mini-bar
Credit-Cards
Table-tops
On-line
EXAMPLES
CONVERSION
Conversion is a derivational process whereby a word is converted into a new word without the addition of an affix
In this song, we can find out easily three crystal clear examples of conversion: The verbs
to arrest
,
to glitter and to blur
appears in their substantive meaning.

CONCLUSION
Youth slang for young listeners
The clipping word "Barbie" is a diminutive from Barbara
Several endoncentric compound and derivational words
Manuel Pérez Pérez
Carlos García Ocaña
Jorge Blázquez Ferrón
Full transcript