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Prometheus and Io

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nathan trivers

on 19 October 2012

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Transcript of Prometheus and Io

Prometheus and Io Prometheus, a Titan, was given the responsibility of creating humankind by Zeus. Prometheus was especially meticulous about his construction of the human being, wanting to make the humans as godlike as possible. Thus he gave his humans an upright posture, molded his preferred shape into clay, and breathed life into the figures, creating the first humans. Prometheus was proud of his creation, and watched over the humans. He noticed that at night the humans were exposed, cold, and powerless. Pitying his creations, he travels to the sun, where he lights a torch and brings fire down to the earth. He bestows the knowledge of fire to the humans. Zeus is extremely displeased. He resents the advantage Prometheus has given man, and decides to punish Prometheus appropriately. Prometheus is chained to a rock, and every morning an eagle tears out his liver, only to have it grow back that night. The eagle comes back the next day, and the process continues. Overarching Themes

Perversion and potential destructiveness of knowledge

Attempts from authority to stifle knowledge
One day while tied to the rock, Prometheus encounters a cow that speaks like a woman. This strange figure reveals herself as Io, and proceeds to tell Prometheus her story. Once one of Zeus’s lovers, she was a very beautiful lady. However, Zeus’s wife Hera suspected the relationship, and Zeus, frantic to cover up his infidelity, turns Io into a cow. She has wandered about as a cow ever since, but upon meeting Io Prometheus gives her a prophecy. He foresees that Io will wander for a long time in her cow body, but when she reaches the Nile River Zeus will restore her body and give her a son. This son is Hercules, who will give Prometheus himself his freedom. Literary Examples: - Anthem, by Ayn Rand. Equality 7-2521 discovers electricity and wishes to share the knowledge with the world. However, the government quickly stifles his discovery and exiles him. Equality refuge in the woods and stumbles upon an abandoned cabin. There he chances across a book of Greek mythology, and noticing the parallel between himself and the Prometheus myth, decides to actually name himself Prometheus.
-Frankenstein, by Mary Shelly. Prometheus’s original goal was to help humanity. However, fire can also be used as a destructive force. This parallels the story of Victor, the doctor who creates Frankenstein. His initial motivation began when his mother died. He initially thinks that by creating the monster he can create life and thus, overcome deaths like those of his mother. Like Prometheus, Victor begins with noble intentions, but his actions lead to dreadful consequences. Like fire, the monster is at first something good. But, through the actions of mankind, he becomes an evil force. Works Cited:
Griepenkerl, Christian, and whose paintings of the Prometheus. "Enjoying "Prometheus Bound", by Aeschylus." The Pathology Guy. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.pathguy.com/promethe.htm>.

Hamilton, Edith. "Mythology Study Guide : Summary and Analysis of Prometheus; Pandora; Prometheus and Io | GradeSaver." Study Guides & Essay Editing | GradeSaver. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.gradesaver.com/mythology/study-guide/section3/>.

"MythNET - Prometheus and Io." Classics Unveiled - Main Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.classicsunveiled.com/mythnet/html/proandio.html>.

Shelley, Mary. "Is Prometheus used as an allusion in "Frankenstein" valid? - Frankenstein Discussion." Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More - enotes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.enotes.com/frankenstein/discuss/prometheus-used-an-allusion-frankenstein-vali-12175>. Io
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