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History of the Electric Vehicle

English 199 Research Paper
by

Christopher Carline

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of History of the Electric Vehicle

History of the Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Overview There are 5 main components to every electric vehicle (EV) The Electric Motor The Energy Source The Power Converter The Electric Controller The Mechanical Transmission Early Years 1800's and Early 1900's Small-scale EV's were created by Hungarian, Ányos Jedlik in 1828, Professor Stratingh of Groningen, Holland, and Thomas Davenport from Vermont in 1835 A proper EV was not created until Thomas Parker's design in 1884 Popularization in the late 1800's, early 1900's EV's were gaining momentum because of there ease of use over internal combustion (IC) vehicles The first wide spread use of EV was in the form of taxi cab fleets such as this London Taxi Cab Company taxi EV's were also setting a number of records such as Camille Jenatzy's land speed record of 105.882 km/h in the "La Jamais Contente" Greater ranges were also possible Abandonment The IC engine began to evolve and out-perform the EV's With a growing need to travel between cities and Charles Kettering's invention of the electric starter, IC was quickly becoming easier to drive and more practical Ford's Model T phased out the EV by being much less expensive to own and operate With oil booms in Texas and a continual drop in the price of gasoline, the significantly more expensive EV was completely phased out by 1935 Reintroduction The 1973 Middle East Oil Crisis forced vehicle manufacturers to experiment with EV's to compensate for the oil shortages Manufacturers such as AMC and Chevrolet were among the first to experiment with EV concept cars; other manufacturers began to follow their lead Conversions of pre-existing production models as well as radical new designs were created The AMC Electron General Motors Electrovette Present Day As EV's continued to evolve, roadblocks such as range and cost are being broken-down as more consumers are concerned about rising gas prices and environmental preservation EV's are now capable of highway speeds while maintaining ranges of over 400 km in some cases Companies such as Nissan, Mitsubishi, Tesla Motors, and Mercedes-Benz have all produced EV's The Nissan Leaf.
The most successful EV to date with 50 000 units sold worldwide The Tesla Model S.
The 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year With the advancement of new technologies, EV's are becoming more practical. Governments have began to accept the EV as an important aspect of environmental technology and have granted rebates to EV owners to assist in lowering the cost of the vehicles The success of the EV in the future will depend on whether manufacturers can overcome the ongoing problems of practicality and cost that plague EV's
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