Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Martha Rogers Theory:

No description
by

vivian shan

on 22 November 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Martha Rogers Theory:

Four major postulates
Three major principles
“Rogers repeatedly stated that she did not create a “theory” but rather an
abstract system, a science, from which many theories can be derived
… [it] offers tentative view of nursing that requires continuous validation through rigorous scientific research and logical analysis” (Frisch, 2009)

Martha Rogers Theory:
Science of Unitary Human Beings

Concepts allow a worldview for nurses to derive theories and hypotheses and propose relationships specific to different situations.
Concepts from Rogers’ theoretical model were “derived from the view that the universe is a collection of open systems within which we interact independently and continuously without causality. The slinky represents a continuous, open life process moving unidirectional” in a non-linear plane (Malinski, 2007).
“Helps humans to transcend the confines of planet-earth living and to participate in the alive universe of energy.”

Strengths


Non-linear domain
with
no spatial or temporal attributes
” (Roger, 1992)
Collection of infinite number of dimensions
Time is NOT linear
With a deep connection, one can experience happenings in other dimensions
Implications:
The
paranormal becomes norma
l: power of prayer, therapeutic touch, out of body experiences, phantom pain, precognition, dejá vu, intuition

Postulate #4: Pan-dimensionality

“Human and environmental fields are in mutual continuous and unpredictable relationship with each other” (Rogers, 1992)
Energy fields are
infinite
, they have
no barriers
, there is a
constant exchange of energy
and interaction between human field and environmental field
Therefore, there is no equilibrium (which only exists in closed systems)
Freedom to knowingly participate in change
Implications:
The human body is not a boundary for the human field
All things are connected with each other
Therefore, there is no concept of causality – the cause and effect are one

Postulate #3: Openness

Postulate #2: Patterns

Postulate #1: Energy Fields
“The Science of Unitary Human beings is rooted in a 4 dimensional, negentropic, non-causal, open system model in which human and environment fields are irreducible and integral with one another."
Martha Rogers

Science of Unitary Human Beings
Birthdate: May 12, 1914 (same birthday as Florence Nightingale!
Birthplace: Dallas, Texas, USA
1931: 2 years at the University of Tennessee for Science-Med
1933: Nursing school at Knoxville General Hospital
1936: nursing diploma obtained
1937: BSc in Public Health Nursing from the George Peabody College
1937-1393: Public health nurse in Michigan
1940-1945: Connecticut Visiting Nurses Association
1945: Received Master of Art (Teachers College)
1945-1951: executive director of the Phoenix Visiting Nurse Association
1952: Received Master's degree in public health
1954: Rewarded a doctor of science degree from Johns Hopkins University and professor/ head of Division of Nursing at New York University
Developed “Science of Unitary Human Beings” and conducted investigations on unitary human development
Wrote 3 books: Educational Revolution in Nursing (1961), Reveille in Nursing (1964), and An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing (1970)
1975: Retirement
March 13, 1994: Passed away (or at least exited her physical form, as she would have believed)

Martha E. Rogers

Overview: Science of Unitary Human Beings
Overview: Science of Unitary Human Beings
Overview: Science of Unitary Human Beings
Rogers uniquely described central focus of nursing’s concerns by understanding the importance of
unitary human beings and their environment as an irreducible unitary body
Human beings are more than and different from the sum of their parts
Abstract system specific to nursing from which to derive many theories
“The practice of nursing is not nursing. Rather, it is the use of nursing knowledge for human betterment” (Rogers, 1994a, p34)

Overview: Science of Unitary Human Beings
1. Overview
2. Biography
3. Theory of Unitary Human Beings
4. Relation to the Nursing Metaparadigms
5. Strengths and weaknesses of the UHB
6. Practical implications of UHB
7. Summary

Table of Contents
Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Rogers, M. E. (1994). The science of unitary human beings: Current perspectives. Nursing Science Quarterly, 7, 33–35.

Rogers, M. E. (1994). The science of unitary human beings: Current perspectives. Nursing Science Quarterly, 7, 33–35.

Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34

Martha elizabeth rogers (1914-1994) 1996 inductee. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MarthaElizabethRogers
Image form martharogerstheory.blogspot.com
Energy Field:
fundamental unit of the living and non living
It is
indivisible
: Energy fields cannot be separated into it’s parts
E.g.: A watch’s screw cannot tell us about the functions or complexity of a watch
likewise, the biological, social, or psychological components of a person cannot give us an accurate picture of them
Provides way for perception of people and environment as
irreducible wholes
, inseparable and act as one whole
Varies in intensity, density and extent, is dynamic
“Gives
identity
to a field” (Rogers, 1992)
The pattern is the energy field’s
distinguishing characteristic
Energy fields are not visible, but are recognizable by their patterns
E.g.: Colours are different from each other only because they have different wave patterns, and colour is different from other forms of energy because they have different patterns
Likewise, each person or environment is unique based on their own patterns
Reflects the
dynamic change of nature
and man’s innovative wholeness
Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795
Image from http://www.thewatchquote.com/Photo-img34714_1200.htm&HYT%20H1%20Hydro%20Mechanics
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795
Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34
image from http://www.donkeyalane.co.uk/inside.php?PID=35



Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795
Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34

Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34

Principles of Homeodynamics
Homeodynamics:
“Changes in the life process of human beings are irreversible, nonrepeatable, rhythmical in nature, and evidence growing complexity of pattern and organization. Change proceeds by continuous patterning of the human and environmental energy fields in the form of resonating waves and reflects the continuous interaction between the two at any given point in space-time.” (Keane, O’toole, 2005)
Continuous activity or change in a pattern
3 Principles: integrality, resonancy, and helicy
All 4 postulates can be found in these principles of homeodynamics

Homeodynamics #1: Integrality

Continuous
mutual human field and environmental field process” (Rogers, 1992, p. 31).
Human <-> environment: there is
simultaneous change
Implications
Synthesis, unitary thinking: shifting the focus from the self to all
There is no survival of the fittest, rather it is about collaborating and co-evolving
Greater integration allows for awareness of things happening not bound by space or time (paranormal phenomena, meditation, prayer, etc)

Overview
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia & Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Allied Health -- Revised Reprint, 7th Edition
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795

Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795

Homeodynamics #2: Resonance
Describes how a change in pattern occurs
“Characterized by
energy field change
that involves lower to higher frequency wave patterns” (Rogers, 1992, p. 31).
Flow of energy,
without direction
, between the human and its environment
Continuous flow of energy manifests as various
frequencies
Frequency allows us to understand patterns
E.g.: The rising and setting of the sun or the changing seasons can be described as a frequency – although they are not exactly the same for each cycle, they are recognizable patterns

Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795
image from http://www.dawnofthenewage.com/the-solfeggio-frequencies/
Homeodynamics #3: Helicy
Describes the
nature of change
“Continuous
innovative, unpredictable, increasing diversity
of human and environmental field patterns” (Rogers, 1992, 31)
Evolution, change or development from interaction of the human and environment

Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795



Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Malinski V.M. (2007) Theoretical Questions and Concerns: Response from the Science of Unitary Human Beings Perspective. Nursing Science Quarterly. 20(4) 311-313 doi: 10.1177/0894318407307161
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795


Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Weaknesses
Practical Use of Unitary Human Science in Comparison to Traditional
Blumenschein, L. (2009). Analysis and Application of Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings. Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science, Volume 16, 55-61
Barrett, E. (2003). Imagery: Experiencing Pandimensional Awareness. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.societyofrogerianscholars.org/imagery.html
Fish, S. (2013). Therapeutic Touch. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.equip.org/articles/therapeutic-touch/


Strengths

Is "an integrative therapy that works with
energy systems to clear blockages and restore balance.
” (Blumenschein, L.,2009)
Gaining popularity
“Required or elective part of the cirriculum in over 80 colleges and universities…” (Fish, S., 2013)
Patients are assisted in
exploring their energy fields within their environment
Patients heal themselves by changing their energy frequency to a balanced one
Skeptical and thought of as a placebo effect which led to results such as decrease blood pressure, heart rate, etc. (Fish, S., 2013)
Examples of Modalities: Therapeutic Touch
Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Malinski V.M. (2007) Theoretical Questions and Concerns: Response from the Science of Unitary Human Beings Perspective. Nursing Science Quarterly. 20(4) 311-313 doi: 10.1177/0894318407307161
Phillips, J. (2010). The universality of rogers’ science of unitary human beings. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1177/0894318409353795


Examples of Modalities: Therapeutic Touch
Youtube video on therapeutic touch
Imagery is being aware in decision making, being involved in creating change and using power to participate in health care (Barrett, E., 2003)
Helps to understand the meaning in our symptoms, illnesses, stresses and discovering new options for change for their well-being
Research is supporting the use of imagery
Nervous, digestive, circulatory, immune systems respond physiologically with the use of imagery (Barrett, E., 2003)

Examples of Modalities:
Imagery
Blumenschein, L. (2009). Analysis and Application of Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings. Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science, Volume 16, 55-61
Barrett, E. (2003). Imagery: Experiencing Pandimensional Awareness. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.societyofrogerianscholars.org/imagery.html
Fish, S. (2013). Therapeutic Touch. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.equip.org/articles/therapeutic-touch/


Weaknesses
Abstract conceptual system
Complexity
Lack of operational definitions
Deductive in logic with lack of immediate empirical support
Central concepts like energy fields have limited practical application

Examples of Modalities:
Imagery
Rogers, M. F. (1989). Rogerian foundations questions for dr. martha e. rogers. Rogerian Nursing Science News, 1(3), 6.

"Concepts from Rogers’ theoretical model were “derived from the view that the universe is a collection of open systems within which we interact independently and continuously without causality. The slinky represents a continuous, open life process moving unidirectional” in a non-linear plane "
(Malinski, 2007).
Science of Unitary Human Beings

Malinski V.M. (2007) Theoretical Questions and Concerns: Response from the Science of Unitary Human Beings Perspective. Nursing Science Quarterly. 20(4) 311-313 doi: 10.1177/0894318407307161
Image form http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slinky
Person & Environment
Person and environment are interconnected -> joined energy fields
Society and its inhabitants are interdependent and inseparable
Nurses and patients are more than mere physical beings, there are emotional, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects to both
Everything happens as a mutual process (openness)
Social processes, as micro as family decision-making or as macro as public policy change/implementation, should happen as a group mutual process of co-evolution
Environment’s organization, or lack thereof, has impact on person’s individual organization/disorganization and vice versa
The breakdown of individuals leads to the breakdown of a society, the opposite is also true, but both are meaningful.
The manifestations of a person’s energy field (perceptions and experiences) are continuously changing and interacting with the larger environment’s energy fields

Health
Health as organization and disease as disorganization
Both presentations are manifestations of the pattern of a person, and is dynamic and continuous -> the diagnosis or condition of the person is not the sole definition of their health
Health and healing are processes which are continuous, non-linear, and non-local -> pandimensional integrality
Distance healing, healing power of prayer, therapeutic touch, intuition, phantom pain, and etc. are energy field manifestations (experiences) of intentional non-linear non-local participations of mutual process
The process of healing is non-sequential
Rogers, M.E. (1990). Nursing: Science of unitary, irreducible, human beings: Update 1990. In E.A.M. Barrett (Ed.), Visions of Rogers' science-based nursing (pp. 5-11). New York: National League for Nursing.
Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34
Rogers, M.E. (1990). Nursing: Science of unitary, irreducible, human beings: Update 1990. In E.A.M. Barrett (Ed.), Visions of Rogers' science-based nursing (pp. 5-11). New York: National League for Nursing.
Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34
Nursing Practice Methods
Barrett’s Rogerian Practice Methodology for Health Patterning
Two phase practice method
1) pattern manifestation appraisal -> continuous understanding of the human and environmental field
2) deliberate mutual patterning -> nurse and patient explore together options for care to make informed choice
Cowling’s Pattern Appreciation Practice Method
Expansion of Barrett’s practice methodology by including ten constituents which focus on what appreciation means
Deeper appreciation gives rise to deeper sensitivity, gratefulness, enjoyment, and fulfillment
Butcher’s Unitary Pattern-based Praxis
Praxis as ultimate harmony of theory and practice
Expanded on Barrett and Cowling’s methodology of pattern manifestation knowing and voluntary mutual patterning

Butcher, H.K. (1986), Repatterning of Time Experience and Human Field Motion During the Experience of Pleasant Guided Imagery: An Experimental Investigation Within Rogers' Science of Unitary Human Beings.(Masters Thesis, University of Toronto, 1986). Masters Abstracts International. University Microfilms International, No. MBZ13-36065.
Cowling, W. R. (1983). The relationship of mystical experience, differentiation, and creativity in college students. (Doctoral Dissertation, New York University). Dissertation Abstracts International, 42(2), 458-A.
Nursing
Mutual process during course of healing
Nurse and patient’s energy fields interact and the perceived reality of the nurse is not the only reality. Therefore, nurses work with patients in mutual process to understand their disorganization of energy pattern (disease) as meaningful, meeting them where they are.
Due to acausality, nurses would not focus on cause of disease or diagnosis/health state as static but focus on intentional change to dynamic and continuous energy field pattern
The therapeutic partnership intentionally works together (co-evolve) towards how the patient wants to change the energy patterns in creative ways
Rogers suggests nurses to develop their own praxis after understanding the theory
Each person’s understanding of reality and meaning is unique and therefore their practice will reflect that

Butcher, H.K., & Malinski, V.M. (2010) Martha E. Rogers science of unitary human beings. (3rd ed., pp.274-272). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company
Rogers, M.E. (1985). A paradigm for nursing. In R. Wood & J. Kekahbah (Eds.), Examining the cultural implications of Martha E. Rogers' Science of Unitary Human Beings (pp. 13-23). Lecompton, KS: Wood -Kekahbah Associates.
Rogers, M.E. (1992). Nursing and the space age. Nursing Science Quarterly, 5, 27-34
Blumenschein, L. (2009). Analysis and Application of Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings. Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science, Volume 16, 55-61
Barrett, E. (2003). Imagery: Experiencing Pandimensional Awareness. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.societyofrogerianscholars.org/imagery.html
Fish, S. (2013). Therapeutic Touch. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.equip.org/articles/therapeutic-touch/


Blumenschein, L. (2009). Analysis and Application of Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings. Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science, Volume 16, 55-61
Barrett, E. (2003). Imagery: Experiencing Pandimensional Awareness. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.societyofrogerianscholars.org/imagery.html
Fish, S. (2013). Therapeutic Touch. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.equip.org/articles/therapeutic-touch/


Metaparadigms
Analysis
Biography
Postulates
Principles
Application
Three Homeodynamic Principles
Application
Full transcript