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World Wide Recycling Issues: China
Transcript of World Wide Recycling Issues: China
Soil and Groundwater Pollution
Water and Marine
Waste Atmospheric Pollution
Environment Impact Assessment Act (EIA)
Environmental Disputes Water Pollution Law Important Laws, Acts, and Regulations 11th 5 year-plan Energy Conservation Law Air Pollution Law China RoHS: Key Management Catalogue Formation Procedures China WEEE Circular Economy Law Clean Production Law Climate Change White Paper Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law Guidance Catalogue for Foreign Investment (2007) Medium and Long-Term Investment Plan Medium and Long-Term Renewable Energy Development Plan MEP Organizational Chart MEP Organizational Rules New Chemical Substances Regulations Noise Pollution Law Renewable Energy Law Solid ( & Hazardous) Waste Law Travis Juarez Benedict Villarreal Homero Gonzalez Presented By Chinese Recycling Laws and Video Review Things to Remember Hazardous Materials Found In Electronics Polychlorinated Biphenyl (found in Batteries) Lead (found in the glass of CRTs) Cadmium (found in Phosphor) Raw Materials Obtained from Electronic Waste Glass Plastics Iron Copper Aluminum Destination The destination of raw materials is determined by the materials themselves. Metals will go to smelters, Plastics will go to Plastic Recycling Factories, Glass will go to factories to be used again as CRTs. Bromide (found in circuit boards) Purity In Metals recovered from the physical recycling process seen in the video, there is a 98% purity.
In Nonmetals recovered from the process, there is a very low metal frequency. These laws are essentially in effect to protect, maintain, and conserve the environment. While recycling is a great way to go green, the number one way to go green is to PREVENT and STOP the needless use of harmful materials and processes. What is Electronic Waste? E-Waste is anything electronic that is intended for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling or disposal Kitchen Appliances (Refrigerators, Toasters, Microwaves,) Discarded Computers Office Electronics (Printers, Fax Machines, etc.) Entertainment Devices (Game Consoles) Mobile Devices Television Sets E-Waste? Who imports and recycles that? Guiyu, Guangzhou, and Shantou, China Guiyu, China What issues does this raise? There are over 5500 companies in Guiyu, China, alone. Most of which are family owned and operated. Children are also involved in these family businesses, and exposed to the many dangerous chemicals that E-waste exhibits. Although a lot of the materials can be reused, a lot of them are incinerated. The burning of these materials releases those dangerous chemicals into the environment. In addition, the ashes from the coal used to burn these materials are thrown into the rivers. China Population of 1.3 billion Produces 2.3 million tons of E-Waste Most populous country in the world In 2005, Chinese urban governments were currently spending 12.6 billion RMB (Renminbi, the Chinese currency) which is equivalent to about 2 billion USD, on waste management service provisions. That amount was expected to double in 2010, and the double again by 2020. Capital costs would add an additional 15 million RMB. Chinese Waste Management Financing Per Capita of $6,800 Solid waste programs in Chinese cities will require at least 230 Billion RMB annually by 2020 (approximately 2 billions USD).Where these funds come from will be a large challenge for all levels of government.Increasing the professionalization and efficiency of this service provision is critical. Development of institutional arrangements that enable complete cost accountingwould foster greater cost-consciousness and resulting efforts to economize. The public needs to be surveyed regularly to monitor their view of the services being provided andtheir willingness and ability to pay for such services and anticipated changes. Thinking Ahead.. Electronics are lierally designed for the dump because they have toxic materials in them. Some of these toxics are lead, mercury, cadmium, and BFR's (Brominated Flame Retardants) Non Recyclables Film
Thermal Wax Paper
Blueprint Paper Overhead Transparencies
Adhesive removable notes Since China is the number one exporter in plastic and metal goods, the materials they gain from these processes will be used to create the items that they export. Future Improvements Recyclables include: computer glass, gold, plastic, copper, steel, tin, palladium, mobile devices, discarded computers, television sets, kitchen appliances, entertainment devices, office electronics. Recyclables China now accepts mandatory targets for reducing greenhouse gases. China plans to increase its recycling efforts and is striving to becoming a "green" country by the year of 2020. All Chinese cities should aggressively pursue an integrated waste management strategy that involves all key stakeholders in strategic planning and decision-making, and holistically examines the pros and cons of all practical waste management techniques.
Overall, Waste pickers contribute to China's waste management system; secondary materials are diverted and some 2,500,000 jobs created.
Incineration will continue to play a role in waste disposal in China. Only upper-income cities that have waste that can self-sustain combustion and generate net energy should consider incineration. In Guiyu, China, E-Waste recycling creates hundres of thousands of jobs for men, women, and children. In addition, E-waste alone makes this city a net income of about $75,000,000 Waste Management Financing Scavengers In China, there are over 5500 companies are funded by the Chinese government to provide jobs for the Chinese people. The people who aren't employed by the Chinese government tend to be homeless. In order to make money, they scavenge the streets to gather raw materials from the many motherboards, scrap metals, and glass. Since they find materials to scavenge, there is no Chinese recycling service for the people. Loopholes in Chinese trade law allow for this to occur, and allow people to go unfined. In addition, since it is netting around $100,000,000 just to burn these scraps and collect the raw materials. Scavengers will continue to scavenge. References