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ToK Presentation: Gossip in the American Social Paradigm

Nicole Clark, Hailey Grigas, Camille Vazquez
by

Hailey Grigas

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of ToK Presentation: Gossip in the American Social Paradigm

Theory of Knowledge Diagram The
Knower Perception Emotion Reason/ Logic Language Arts Natural Sciences Human Sciences Maths Ethics History Turkey White - peace and honesty Symboly Symbolic Colors Red - symbolizes the blood shed by the soldiers in The Turkish War for Independence http://www.flags-flags-flags.org.uk/turkish-flag.htm

It was originally the flag of the Ottoman Empire.

The crescent and star are symbols of Islam. About the Flag Natural Sciences Maths Ethics Natural Sciences Arts History Human Sciences Language Emotion Perception Reason/ Logic http://www.spainexchange.com/guide/TR-history.htm Works Cited http://www.goturkey.com/ By: Nicole Clark, Hailey Grigas,
& Camille Vazquez Gossip in the American
High School Social Paradigm This is NOT a real-life situation.

The movie clip simply portrays an exaggerated version of a possible situation in the American High School Paradigm. Now that we have your attention... Our actual knowledge issue is.... To what extent does emotion play a role in the search for truth while seeking knowledge? Claim: Counter
Claim: Emotion helps the knower gain knowledge of the truth by leading them to develop a personal connection with their surroundings. Emotion hinders the knower from gaining knowledge of the truth by misleading them into an idealized version of their surroundings. Real-Life Situation Student
A Student B Student
C Student
D Their relationships were a mess and many different emotions were involved. In case you got lost... Emotion played a major role in the search for truth, causing major gossip and affecting everyone involved by:

- helping the "innocent" students to realize the truth about their partners' dishonesty

- Student C lost many friends after her peers found out her "true colors"

- created a bad reputation for all four students, skewing people's perception of them

-causing several versions of the truth so that no one can be certain Words/inflection (emotive meaning)

Claim: Personal connection/interest links you to non-verbal cues (body language), thus helping you gain knowledge.

Counter claim: The words or tone that the "source" uses can alter the way you interpret the information, thus hindering your knowledge (linguistic determinism).

Relevance to the RLS:
Student A was affected by the emotive meaning and linguistic determinism in the other knower's language.

Example: The Saphir-Worf hypothesis • Ethics is an immense area of knowledge, but we're going to focus on how your home life/conditioning affect it.

• More specifically: Dealing with morals...

• Claim: Your ethics help you gain knowledge by viewing the world or situation with a certain “lens” that guides you to find the truth. (self-interest theory).

• Counter Claim: This “lens” hinders you from finding truth by keeping you set on a certain perspective. (Veil of ignorance)

• Real life: Because Student B & Student C have different morals than Student A & D, they do not believe that they are in the wrong. • Claim: Since there are so many different accounts of what happen, everyone has a fraction of the truth. We have to add all of the information and piece it together, this helps you determine if what you are hearing is valid.

• Counter Claim: By the time the gossip reaches the knower the information has been contorted and is far from the truth.

• Real Life: By the time the information of the affair was released, people who did not know Students A,B,C or D had known about the scandal.

By using a geometric sequence we can easily identify a patten in our situation.
1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 • Claim: The motivation for gossiping is due to humans’ natural need to always feel a part of something. This is a natural trait called behaviorism. Gossip is a universal issue and a means for communicating information (truth).

• Counter Claim: Yet, a lot of people readily accept what they hear, so they believe something that may not be truth (confirmation bias).

• Knowledge Issue: Everyone felt the need to know the truth and through gossiping made the situation worse. Students A,B,C and D felt bad so they withheld the true information from the general public so no one was certain of what really happened (the "truth").

- Think about how "white lies" or self-justification affect how we perceive the truth. What influence do you think they had on the knowers in this situation? Your reasoning is based on the other ways of knowing, which means it can be majorly skewed by the way that the information is delivered.

Claim: Personal connections with the subject of the gossip can lead you to be more optimistic or pessimistic about what you heard, helping you to want to gain further information.

Counter claim: Your reasoning is biased because the actual situation is not what you had pictured it to be, so it limits your knowledge.

Real life: Student C’s parents’ hear about the gossip, but reason that Student D must have done something to initiate this behavior. Your perception of the situation will alter your opinion of it.

Claim: By talking about the information with other knowers, Gossip helps you see multiple different perspectives which allows you create an ultimate truth.

Counter claim: In reality, you're getting a second hand opinion which does not enable you to formulate your own opinion, thus hindering your knowledge.

Real Life: Because the stories were all told from different people with different opinions of the people involved, the truth of the entire situation became subjective.

Think about how perception differs from person to person. Can two people ever really share the same perspective? History How has the way we exchange knowledge today vs. in the past changed?

Claim: Less emotion is used during the exchange of information due to social media, hindering emotion and in turn, knowledge (empathy).

Counter Claim: Current times and resources help us gain knowledge with social media & technology. There is a much greater ease of communication.

Real-Life: Student A's best friend found out through a text message. 20 years ago, they would have had to deliver the news differently. In Conclusion.... Emotion = huge role in search for truth & knowledge

Personal connection = aid

Idealized versions = hinder Let's play
a game.... Works Cited - The gossip created several different "lenses" through which the truth could be analyzed.

- While on their search for knowledge, the knowers were influenced both positively and negatively by their emotions. How does this situation relate
directly to our knowledge Issue? How can we
relate this to
the ToK diagram? Mean Girls. Dir. Mark Waters. Perf. Lindsay Lohan, Lacey Chabert. 2004.
YouTube. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/>.
Full transcript