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The Merchant of Venice Act 5
Transcript of The Merchant of Venice Act 5
-Thisbe & Pyramus
-Dido & Aeneas Music Candle Ring “Why, I were best to cut my left hand off/And swear I lost the ring defending it.” (V.i.177,178) Conflict and Falling Action Bassanio Gratiano Portia -Portia "jokes around" -convinces Bassanio to give away his ring -enough to scold Bassanio and Gratiano -However, Portia ends the prank before serious damage is done to her marriage heroine -Apologizes Bassanio Pleasure-loving Self-indulgent Handsome Clever Noble Manhood Selfless -Bassanio was one of selfish and pleasure-seeking intentions - Meeting Portia and experiencing Antonio's life being at risk is a test of Bassanio's character - He is not yet worthy of Portia Portia has purified and elevated Bassanio's intentions -He is now worthy Gratiano Beginning: Loyal -accompanies his friend Bassanio to Belmont Act V: Disloyal Betrayal -gives away Nerissa's ring -Trolius & Cressida
-Thisbe & Pyramus
-Dido & Aeneas -romantic conversation between Jessica and Lorenzo -emphasizes their young, spontaneous love -happy couples in classic pieces of literature However All 3 of these relationships have failed Trolius and Cressida -Trolius is forced to leave
-Cressida becomes Diomedes's lover Thisbe and Pyramus -Romeo and Juliet Situation Dido and Aeneas - Aeneas is called to fulfill his duties in Italy
- Dido commits suicide Suggestion that Jessica and Lorenzo are excited only by the novelty of their new, fresh love Foreshadows a dangerous future Music -Music stimulates one of the five senses -People react to music
-Music distracts people simultaneously -Music brings people together “For do but note a wild and wanton herd,/Or race of youthful and unhandled colts,/Fetching mad bounds, bellowing and neighing loud,/Which is the hot condition of their blood—/If they but hear perchance a trumpet sound,/Or any air of music touch their ears,/You shall perceive them make a mutual stand,/Their savage eyes turned to a modest gaze/By the sweet power of music.” (V.i.71-79) -Imagery of chaos and savage animals -Once the smallest sound of music occurs, they stand in uniform Music unites people Candle “How far that little candle throws his beams! / So shines a good deed in a naughty world.” (V.i.90, 91) -The candle represents a small element of hope -The beams of the candle represent the positivity of Portia's hope that shines farther and brighter than expected in the cruel, dark world. This positivity allows Portia to offer him forgiveness Much like the candle,
this forgiveness is far-spread Ring -symbol of marriage, commitment and promise -eternal ties While Bassanio gives away the ring, it is still with Portia and Bassanio -even Bassanio's carelessness can not break their bond “Why, I were best to cut my left hand off/And swear I lost the ring defending it.” (V.i.177,178) Significance of Setting Wind Moon Lorenzo and Jessica: Moonlight
Wind "The moon shines bright: in such a night as this, when the wind did gently kiss the trees, and they did make no noise, in such a night." (5, 1, 1) moonlight = joy and love
peaceful wind = intimacy Belmont vs. Venice "In such a night, did Jessica steal from
the wealthy Jew, and with an unthrift
love did run from Venice, as far as
(V.i.5) -Belmont represents fairytale aspects -Venice represents reality -play ends in Belmont to end the comedy happily Stars
Music -Jessica and Lorenzo sitting beneath the stars -Foreshadows Portia's return (the purity and goodness of their heroin) "So doth the greater glory dim the less-" (V.i.28) "The man that hath no music in himself, nor is moved with the concord of sweet sounds, is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils; -let no such man be trusted." (V.i.26) Conflict Falling Action -Portia reveals that she was the lawyer and Nerissa the clerk who took their rings Purpose -Bassanio is aware of how worthy the ring is to Portia -therefore, he fears her reaction when he confesses that he has given it away quotation: use of vivid imagery -provides the audience with the disturbing image of Bassanio personally cutting off his hand “Why, I were best to cut my left hand off/And swear I lost the ring defending it.” (V.i.177,178) -This imagery provides strong evidence of the extent at which Bassanio fears Portia's reaction -Thus providing an emphasized sense of the great worthiness attached to the ring -Bassanio regrets his actions and is fearful of the consequences -Main conflict = Bassanio and Gratiano have given away their rings despite their promises to guard them forever -They are in an argument over the disloyalty of Bassanio and Gratiano -also revealed that Antonio's ships have returned and his fortune is recovered -While the situation ends positively for everyone, Shylock loses everything he has, even his daughter -plot ends in a tragic comedy Sheer Power of Love Equality of Sexes “I gave my love a ring and made him swear, Never to part with it; and here he stands; I dare be sworn for him he would not leave it, Nor pluck it from his finger, for the wealth, That the world masters.” (V.i.170-174) Disloyalty of Marriage -emphasizes the value of the ring -Bassiano betrays Portia for Antonio -he values the ring less than his friendship with Antonio Power of Sheer Love -Lorenzo and Jessica compare themselves to classic lovers -they ignore their dangerous future as a result of their intense love for each other Portia and Bassanio; Nerissa and Gratiano -even after betrayal, Portia is able to overcome Bassanio's disloyalty “Sweet doctor, you shall be my bed-fellow: When I am absent, then lie with my wife” (V.i.284,285.) Equality of Sexes Bassanio is indebted to Portia “In such a night/Did Dido with a willow in her hand…...To come again to Carthage” (V.i.10-14) is what Lorenzo says to Jessica. Jessica + Lorenzo All the couples they compare themselves to end in a tragedy: •Portia and Nerissa are thus ‘angry’ at them and argue that they too will be disloyal.
“I’ll have that doctor for [my] bedfellow.” (V.i.249) -the letter is an indication of her connections and resourcefulness. It shows that she uses her intelligence and wit to achieve her goals. Purpose "Swear by your double self, And there's an oath of credit!" (V.i.245-246)
"For, by this ring, the doctor lay with me." (V.i.259) -Emphasizes certain themes prevalent in the play such as disloyalty in marriage, the power of women and discrimination. “You shall find three of your argosies/Are richly come to harbour suddenly.”(V.i.295) Shows their ignorance and over optimistic in their expectations of marriage. For example Pyramus and Thisbe = both of their suicides. “Here is a letter; read it at your leisure There you shall find that Portia was the doctor.” (V.i. 286-288) -Shows Portia’s wit, intelligence and superiority in society and in her relationship with Bassanio. -under strict restrictions based on her fathers will -evident through casket plot -she is now free - bound to Bassanio No independence -similar to Portia's past -foreshadows their relationship Portia Crisis Belmont Shakespeare, William. The Merchant of Venice. New York: Bantam Books, 1988. Print.Dido (& Aeneas). Caught in the nets of love. N.p n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012.Troilus and Cressida. Sparknotes. N.p. n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012.Rivers, Edward. Pyramus and Thisbe. N.p. 05 June 1997. Web. 12 Dec. 2012.The Merchant of Venice Setting. schmoop. N.p. n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. Works Cited