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Jajanine Timbreza

on 6 July 2015

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Is one of the components of a research process.

An INVESTIGATOR needs to :

 Write- ups
 Readings and
 Studies related to his present study to determine the similarities and differences of the findings between the past and present studies.

Related Legal Bases

 The major sources of related legal bases are laws and department directives such as circulars, orders, memoranda, and others which are related to the present study. These laws and directives serve as legal basis for the paradigm of the study.

 In presenting the related legal bases, the investigator has to arrange them chronologically from the recent to the past and the relevance of each legal basis is explained.

 Literature may be defined as “written works collectively, especially those enduring importance, exhibiting creative imagination and artistic skill which are written in a particular period, language, and subject.

 In other words, any written materials published in book, journal, magazine, novel poetry, yearbook and encyclopedia are considered literature.

• The word related means the legal bases, literature, and studies which have direct bearing or relation to the present study.
• In research paper, thesis, dissertation, and research project, the review of related literature is broken down in three parts. These are: (1) related legal bases, (2) related literature, and (3) related studies.

The related literature is a section in a research paper, thesis, dissertation, and research project in which the sources are taken from books, journals, magazines, novels, poetry, and many others.

 Similarly, the presentation of related literature is in chronological order from recent to past.

Related Literature
Related Studies
 Published and Unpublished research studies and sources of materials that are included in this section.
 The research studies which have direct bearing to the present study are segregated into foreign and local studies.
 The presentation of foreign and local studies is similar with related legal bases and related literature which arranged in chronological order from past to present.
 Each related study has explanation on the relevance of the present study.
 It is unscientific if no explanation at all is given.

Bibliography is third to the last part of the research paper, thesis or dissertation.
This is a listing of source materials used in the study which the researcher has read or quoted brief statements and acknowledged. The surname of authors are arranged in alphabetical order. This page follows the recommendation and is placed at the middle heading of a page and in all capital letters.
Functions of bibliography
Bibliography has 5 functions and these are:

1. To give the reader the scope of the research paper.
2. To determine if a particular work has been used.
3. To provide the reader foundation for further research.
4. To allow the readers to find out easily the full bibliography information for materials referred to in parenthetical notes where only the name of the author and year given, for instance, (Calmorin, 2004).
5. To give necessary descriptive details for the source materials as a whole in order that original statements can be located and consulted by the readers.

thankyou! :)
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