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Students make mistakes

We all make mistakes
by

Robert Oliwa

on 12 January 2016

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Transcript of Students make mistakes

We all make mistakes
Students make mistakes
Types of mistakes
kinds of mistakes
why we make mistakes
mistakes categories
what mistakes mean
do mistakes matter?
SLIPS

ERRORS

ATTEMPTS
SLIPS

Ss know the correct form, and make the slip due to carelessness, tiredness, distraction, inattentiveness, etc. Ss can usually correct these kinds of mistakes themselves
ERRORS
Ss make a genuine mistake because don’t actually know the correct form. The error is made due to factors such as trying to produce something which has not been fully learnt or learnt incorrectly, interference from L1, mistaken beliefs about the L2 rules. Ss are not usually able to self-correct errors
WHY WE MAKES MISTAKES
Interference
Developmental errors
Over-generalisation
Fossilisation
Interference
These happen because they are (consciously or unconsciously) trying to use tbeir first-language knowledge to speak the new language.


eg.
She is woman beautiful
Inforamtions are not good
Developmental errors
These happen as a natural part of language learning because (either consciously or subconsciously) the learners are trying to work out how the language system works.

eg.
Where was you?
Daddy goed to work
ATTEMPTS
ss say things which are beyond their language knowledge and so they have a go and make a bit of a mess out of it
Which mistakes can be considered ‘developmental’, i.e. Ss make mistakes because their learning of the item is as yet incomplete?

Which type can Ss usually correct by themselves?
using the new 'rule' too widely

eg.
I have many money
How many childs have you got?)
Over-generalisation
There is a danger that if mistakes are left uncorrected for too long - or if the learner is unaware of them - they may become fossilised. They are then more difficult to put right.
Fossilisation
Grammar
– mixing up tenses
Register
- using formal language in informal context
Lexis
– confusion over words with similar meanings
Pronunciation
– confusing sounds of L1 & L2
Misunderstanding what they hear
– caused by difficulties in distinguishing sounds, words, word boundaries in connected speech
Spelling
– writing words which have similar sounds but are spelt differently
mistakes categories
Making mistakes is a natural part of language learning.
Mistakes play an important role in indicating to teachers the stage learners are at
Mistakes show needs for further teaching or study
Mistakes help teachers to advise learners on what to do to improve
what mistakes mean
do mistakes matter?
When students speak, they may have an accent which is influenced by their first or second language. There is nothing wrong with this unless what they are saying is UNINTELLIGIBLE.
Especially, since when mistakes are made with pronuncation they can affect meaning.
Mistakes matter in writing. This is partly because writing doesn't flash past like conversation, but stays there for us to look at again and again. People can think that someone's English (or other language) is worse than it is if they see spelling mistakes, bad handwriting and poor vocabulary use - whereas if they heard the same person speak, they might have a better impression.
When we are working on the students' accuracy, we are helping them to study language (that is, to understand the construction of GRAMMAR, a LEXICAL PHRASE, a LANGUAGE FUNCTION, etc.). Because of this, we will probably correct mistakes when they occur and try to help the students to say or write things correctly.
When we are trying to encourage FLUENCY we probably won't correct ACCURACY so immediately since the students are learning how to communicate.
Think of your students and mistakes they
make. Provide examples of their mistakes and discuss them in the light of the theory
discussed.
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