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Transcript of Enlightenment Epistemology
Bacon - Descartes - Locke
dr. gideon o. burton
brigham young university
The theory or science of the method or grounds of knowledge
observation & measurement
of natural phenomena
Bible - priests -church
Aristotle - Scholasticism
"knowledge is power"
"Nature to be commanded must be obeyed"
"In order to penetrate into the inner and further recesses of nature, it is necessary that both notions and axioms be derived from things by a more sure and guarded way, and that a method of intellectual operation be introduced altogether better and more certain"
"Deri[ving] axioms from the senses and particulars, rising by a gradual and unbroken ascent, so that it arrives at the most general axioms last of all."
"Man, being the servant and interpreter of Nature, can do and understand so much and so much only as he has observed in fact or in thought of the course of nature. Beyond this he neither knows anything nor can do anything"
man is not the
measure of all things
words are imperfect
Advancement of Learning
Discourse on Method
cogito ergo sum
I think; therefore I am
the self or mind as ground for reality
Division into smallest units
Simple to complex
Overview to avoid omission
“Never to accept anything as true unless I recognized it to be evidently such”
“To divide each of the difficulties which I encountered into as many parts as possible”
“To think in an orderly fashion, beginning with the things which were simplest and easiest to understand, and gradually and by degrees reaching toward more complex knowledge”
“To make enumerations so complete, and reviews so general, that I would be certain that nothing was omitted”
An Essay Concerning
knowledge tentative, progressive
analysis, self-consciousness, identity