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Story Plot Structure

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by

Mary Mjelde

on 11 September 2016

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Transcript of Story Plot Structure

Story Plot Structure
The exposition is the part of a book that sets the stage for the drama to follow: it introduces the theme, setting, characters, and circumstances at the story’s beginnings.

Exposition
Identifying the Exposition
To identify the exposition, find in the first few chapters (or pages/paragraphs) where the author gives a description of the setting and the mood before the action takes place.
Example of Exposition
In the story of The Three Little Bears, the exposition goes something like this:

Once upon a time there were three little bears, a mama bear, a papa bear, and a baby bear. They lived deep in the forest, far away from any people. One morning, mama bear decided to treat her family to a hot serving of porridge.
The rising action of a plot is the series of events that build up and create tension and suspense. This tension is a result of the basic conflict that exists and makes the story interesting.
Rising Action
Identifying Rising Action
The rising action can be identified as the ingredients that complicate matters in a plot.
Example of Rising Action
The rising action in The Three Little Pigs takes place as the pigs set out on their own and begin to make their own decisions.
The story climax is what all the rising action has been leading to. The incidents and events of the story are becoming more and more dramatic, with more and more riding on them. And finally, the high point of the story is reached.
Climax
The falling action in a work of literature is the sequence of events that follow the climax and end in the resolution.
Falling Action
Resolution is the part of the story's plot line in which the problem of the story is resolved or worked out.
Resolution/Denouement
Identifying the Resolution
The resolution occurs after the falling action and is typically where the story ends.
Example of Resolution/Denouement
At the conclusion of the story Rumpelstiltskin, the problem is resolved when the queen’s servant discovers Rumpelstiltskin’s name and he disappears to never return again.
Identifying the Falling Action
This occurs after the climax and is typically where the story ends.
Example of Falling Action
In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Harry, Ron, and Hermione learn about the Sorcerer's Stone; Voldemort attacks Harry in the Forbidden Forest; and Harry faces Professor Quirrell and Voldemort.
When the main conflict/problem is introduced.

It jolts your hero out of his everyday routine.

It is the event which sparks the fuse of your plot
Inciting Incident
Conflict/Complications
Plots involve a struggle (conflict) to make things interesting.

If your story is going to have a conflict, it should also have complications that make the conflict even more interesting.
Examples of Complications
For example, a struggle between a dog and a cat can be complicated by the fact that the dog falls in love with the cat. Or the fact that the cat lives in the house and the dog lives outside.
Example of Inciting Incident
Haggrid visits Harry Potter on his eleventh birthday, much to the dismay of Harry's adoptive muggle family, the Dursleys. Haggrid reveals that Harry will be a great wizard someday and gives him a letter welcoming him to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.
Identifying the Climax
It is usually - but doesn't have to be - the most exciting part of the story, where the most dramatic action takes place.
Example of Climax
In the first Shrek film, it's the scene in the church where the dragon comes to save the day.
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