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Indian Act 1876

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Ryan Morin

on 12 April 2011

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Transcript of Indian Act 1876

In the nineteenth century, the goal of government was to make Canada's native cutures disappear. It was expected that native people would be assimilated, meaning that they would give up their own culture, languages, and beliefs, and live and act just like the British settlers.
But Canada's First Peoples had no intention of giving up their culture, or of dying out.

The 1857 "Civilization of Indian Tribes Act", enacted by the British colonial government, declared that Indians who were "sufficiency advanced education wise or capable of managing their own affairs" would be enfranchised That law was the first of many seeking to encourage First Nation's People to relinquish their land, language, culture and existing rights in exchange for full British/Canadian citizenship. The law basically said that if an Indian man learned to read and signed a pledge to "live as a white" he was allowed to vote, own property, and serve on juries. But, he would lose all his Aboriginal rights. Very few First Nations "took advantage" of the act and most saw it as an attempt to strip them of their remaining land base.
First Nations people had no intention of assimilating, or disappearing. They also had no intention of giving up their rights or their special status. They began to form political organizations at the provincial and the national level. Their political power, and national voice increased.

The Indian Act 1876

The Act was designed to protect the land that Fist Nations still had left to them. But, under the act, title to the land still belonged to the crown, which would administer the land on behalf of the First Nations people through the representative of the Minister of Indian affairs (the Indian agent). A Reserve was deemed “Crown Land set aside for the use of a Band of Indians.” The theme throughout the new Act remained that of assimilation and "civilizing" of the Indians. Their Indian status was regarded as a temporary stage on the road to assimilation. They were expected to settle down and learn to become farmers. (Some cynics thought they would just disappear.) The Indian Act of 1876 essentially made "Status Indians" wards of the Crown, and regulated their lives. Restrictions ranged from rules about how they would elect leaders to how their children would be educated and how their estates would be dealt with after death. First Nations were allowed virtually no self-governing powers.

Amendment to the Indian Act 1884 The Indian Advancement Act of 1884 tried to give wider powers over local government and the raising of money. Yet it took away the same powers by appointing the local Indian Agent as chairman of the Council. Over the next hundred years the Indian Act was amended a number of times but each time was aimed at a more efficient means of assimilating First Nations into white society. The Act was amended to ban the "Sun Dance" an important ritual among the Lakota and other Plains aboriginal cultures. With an eye to forced assimilation, the Act authorized the forced removal of children to Residential Schools and stripped any Indian who obtained a University Education or Ordination of his rights under the Act.
The 1876 act also made it illegal for an Indian to sell or produce goods without the written permission of the local Indian Agent, who became the de-facto ruler of Indians on reserve. Indian Agents had to give written permission for Indians who wanted to leave the reserve for any reason. I think this is the way we lost most of our language, culture, and beliefs due to the Indian act and natives being sent to residential schools. Indians were not allowed to speak cree, they were forced to live like the "white" people. They were punished if they were to speak cree. Indians were also punished if they were to do a traditional ceremony such as the "Sun Dance", they were punished or even worse, killed for doing traditional ceremony. So yeah, we need to be greatful for all the survivors. The warriors that survived and kept our cree language and culture going strong. We wouldn't be here if us indians were weak. We are All Mighty Strong :) 1.)
Dreya- parents separated, father has not seen her daughter for at least half a year. Mother works as an assistant manager, the father is still in school. the child's grand parents keep her while the mother is at work

Serenity- Father is a mechanic, mother is in college. Child goes to daycare.

Riley- father works at wal mart, mother goes to college. Child goes to school and his grand parent looks after him till his dad or mom gets home.

Halaina- parents separated, father works in the bush, mother stays home watching her children.

Based on my list, i think parents don't have much time for their children.I guess it's always work, work, work. I think most househusbands aren't really doing a really great job from what i seen. Parents are always separating, the mother always has lots on her hands and still manages to look after their children.

Their are very few fathers i know that actually stay home and look after their children. This makes me feel like I'm learning something and how painful it is towards the children without a father. I think if most people realized what their children are going through when parents are separated, if they could understand there would be a lot of great families with no problems. It's the most beautiful thing for a woman to have a child, if men can only understand what pain they went through they would have respect and accept the woman and child, i think their would be lots of househusbands.

If/when i have a child my role is to spend all my time with him/her teaching everything i know, nothing else would matter to me until he/she is old enough to take care of himself/herself. I plan on having kids when i have a good paying job maybe or when I'm done school can't really say because it's up to my nicimoose. I grew up with a father who didn't really talk to me, my sister and brothers, the only time he would is when he came home drunk, most of the time he would argue with my mother. My father had a very big problem in alcohol and still does today. We almost lost him on my 16th birthday due to, i still don't know what happened but i know it had to do something with his heart.
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