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TASER and UOF Update

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by

Jody Lemmens

on 15 January 2015

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Transcript of TASER and UOF Update

TASER Basics
UOF and TASER Update
In-service 2014.2

Pieces and Parts
CEW Effects
TASER Models
Conducted Electrical Weapon (CEW)
Uses propelled wires or direct contact to conduct energy to affect the sensory and motor systems.
It's not the volts, its the amps that are dangerous.
Peak voltage - 50,000 V
Body voltage - 1200 V
Low current: X26 < 0.004 A
Energy
Stored in device per pulse: X26 = 0.36 joules
Delivered per pulse: X26 = 0.07 joules
Defibs deliver 150-400 joules per pulse
Electricity must be able to flow between probes/electrodes
Electricity follows the path of least resistance
The greater the spread - the greater the effectiveness
Electricity will not pass to others unless contact made between probes (sweaty subject exception)
Electricity can arc through clothing
Water does not affect amount of electricity
Targeting

Frontal Shots = lower center of mass

Back shots = below the head/neck

Importance of "off center"
Battery Replacement
Replace DPM when < 20%
(See Training Section)
Dispose at 0% to avoid damage
Spark Testing
Daily spark test should be conducted prior to shift
Verifies device is working
Verifies battery charge
Ensures parts are energized
Dropped or Wet X26
Safe the weapon
Remove the cartridge
Remove the DPM
Dry for 24 hours
Arm the weapon
If sparks w/o pulling trigger, return to Training Section immediately
Spark test full 5 seconds
If malfunction, return to Training Section
If functions, return to service
Illumination Button
Hold button down for 2 seconds to bring up display
LF = Laser/Flashlight Mode
LO = Laser Only Mode
OF = Flashlight Only Mode
OO = Stealth Mode
Dataport
Records Time, Date, Duration, Temp. and Battery Status of each firing...over 1,500
Nervous System
Stun vs. Neuro-Muscular Incapacitation (NMI)
Central Nervous System
command center, process info, make decisions
Sensory Nervous System
carries info from body to brain (touch/temp)
Motor Nervous System
carries commands from brain to muscles (move)
Stun systems affect
ONLY
Sensory
NMI affects
BOTH
Sensory
AND
Motor
X26P
Slightly bulkier
Simplified screen
FTO's currently carry
Replacing X26's
X26
Being phased out
NMI-what does it look like??
Muscles "lock up"
Movement stops
May or may not fall to ground
Speech/sound changes
Active Resistance stops...
If you don't have these signs
you don't have NMI, then what??
Deployment
Tactics
Two-handed grip
Sustained Trigger Pull
Wire Slack
Subject Movement
Missed Probe - Low Spread
Team Communication
Control/Cuffing Under Power
Subject Reaction
No reaction or change in behavior
No connection - Poor connection
Low probe spread
low muscle mass
Tactical Considerations
Drive-stun
Reload and target a different area
Transition officer roles
Other force options
Drive Stun Backup
Leave the cartridge in place
Avoid the head/throat unless justified
Secure extremity
Index target area to avoid unwanted target
Repeated Cycles
Sustained trigger pull preferred
Each trigger pull requires own justification
If ineffective, disengage or escalate
Probes & Cartridges
15 ft.
Solid Yellow Door
Regular Probe
Training Cartridge
21 ft.
Silver Door
Regular Probe
Duty Cartridge
Duty Cartridge
XP 25 ft.
Green Door
XP Probe
Longer/Heavier
Live Simulation Training Cartridge
LS 21 ft.
Blue Cartridge
Blue Doors
Short Probe
Does not conduct Electricity
XP 35 ft Special Duty
Orange Door
XP Probe
Non-Reversible Loading
Raised Orange Arrows
Indicate Top of Cartridge
Special Duty
Cartridge Covers
Cartridges can discharge due to static shock
Beware of such conditions
Deployment Distance Considerations
Optimal distance is 7-15 feet
High hit probability
Good probe spread
Adequate wire slack
Good reactionary distance
15, 21, LS & XP25 Cartridges

- 20-30 fired with each cartridge
- Potential Evidence
AFID ID Tags
Probe Removal
Officers may remove probes
Sensitive areas = medical treatment
Inspect probe to assure the barbed tip is attached
Proper handling of removed probes
Photograph impact sites if anything unusual
CEW Policy
UOF 1e Electronic Control Devices
TASER
RACC Belt
Stun - Capture Shield
Stun - Hand held Device
Only allowed to use those devices
you are TRAINED to use!!
Justification for Use
Shall only use force which is Objectively Reasonable:
Graham vs. Connor
CEW falls under Control Alternative:
Active Resistance or its threat
Officer will give warning when tactically feasible
CEW may be used as deterrent when its use would be justified
Use of CEW must stop once an officer has gained compliance/control
Officers may remove probes unless sensitive area
Elevated Justification
Children
Elderly
Pregnant
Mentally Challenged
Restrained individuals
Other persons susceptible to injury

"Articulate Threat" if used on these persons
Types of Devices
TASER shall be worn cross draw style
May not be used to punish
Shall not be pointed at head unless justified
Supervisor shall be notified when CEW is used
even if probes miss
Supervisor shall be notified of any discharge
including accidental discharge
Officer shall notify receiving facility of CEW use
Officer shall document CEW use in UOF Report
TASER and flammable agents...
Additional info...
Elevated Deployment Risks
Subject running
Subject in elevated position
Operating vehicle or machinery
Obviously pregnant
In water
Sensitive target areas
Obviously frail or infirm
Flammable or explosive environment
Medically Significant Behavior
Includes:
Excited Delirium
Agitated Delirium
Mental Illness
Medical Crisis
Criminal Behavior
Predictive Behavior
Bizarre Behavior
Violent Behavior
Rapid Pulse
Wearing Little to NO Clothing
Extreme Strength
Hallucination/Delusions
Labored/Shallow breathing
Unintelligible Speech
Irrational Behavior or Statements
Profuse Sweating/Clammy Skin
High Body Temp (Hyperthermia)
Sustained Mental and Motor Excitement
Dilated Pupils
Conspicuously Ignores
Continued Struggle Against Restraints
Multiple Officers Needed to Subdue
Response to MSB
Know signs/symptoms - Recognize Emergency
Use MSB as threat assessment opportunity
Gain control ASAP
Activate EMS ASAP
Communicate with Medical Personnel/Hospital Staff
Document incident including subject behavior in detail
SUSPECT BEHAVIOR,
not police weapons,
are good predictors of in-custody death.
Passive Resistance
Subject refusing to comply but does not attempt to engage in physical action likely to cause bodily harm.
Active Resistance
Behavior which physically counteracts officer attempts to control and which creates a risk of bodily harm.
Most depts. in Brown County utilize yellow TASERS...be cautious not to misidentify the weapon an officer is using!!
TASERS are NOT the answer for every situation!!
Remember contact-cover principles!!
Unwanted TASER Discharges
Unintended discharges often occur at beginning or end of shift
Often occur when officer is holding something in opposite hand
Solutions
Spark test in pre-determined "safe" area
Keep reaction hand empty
Use reaction thumb to arm/safe the weapon
Treat TASER as a weapon
Use of Force by Wisconsin Law Enforcement Officers
Wisconsin Department of Justice Bureau of Training and Standards
Brown County Sheriff's Office - Training Section

Use of Force
Purpose of UOF
To Control
To Detain
To Arrest
To Defend
To Prevent Escape
Limitations
U.S. Constitution
State Statutes
Administrative Codes
Agency Policy
Can be more restrictive than WI law
Training
Constitutional Limits
GRAHAM v. CONNOR:
Objective Reasonableness
Severity of Crime
Immanency of Threat
Actively Resisting or attempting to escape
Training Limits
Trained Technique
Dynamic Application of Trained Technique
Not trained but Justified under the circumstances
Defense And Arrest Tactics (DAAT)
Basis for proper use of force by WI L.E.
Verbalization coupled with physical alternatives
Purpose is to gain CONTROL
Use force which is reasonably necessary
If force being used is not effective, disengage and/or escalate
Once you gain control, must reduce force to that needed to maintain control
Must maintain a position of advantage
Disturbance Resolution
Approach Considerations

Intervention Options

Follow-through Considerations
Decision Making
Justification
Desirability
Tactical Deployment
Control of Distance
Relative Positioning
Tactical Evaluation
Threat Assessment Opportunities
Officer-Subject Factors
Special Circumstances
Level of Stabilization
Mode
Purpose
Presence
Dialogue
Control Alternatives
Protective Alternatives
Deadly Force
Display Authority
Persuasion
Overcome Active or Passive Resistance
Overcome Assaultive Behavior
Stop the Threat
Stabilize
Monitor / Debrief
Search
Escort
Transport
Turnover / Release
Report Writing
Document what happened
Refresh author's memory
Describe the event to others
Explain what your trained observations and the subjects actions forced you to do
Show that your use of force was objectively reasonable under the totality of the circumstances
Use DRM to assist with report writing
Can always ask for UOF instructor to assist
Subject must be controlled, but also treated
IN THAT ORDER!
MSB
CRIME IN PROGRESS
HANDLED BY POLICE
MEDICAL CRISIS
HANDLED BY EMS
Safety Brief:
Scenarios will involve UOF decision making
Although role players will be wearing a TASER suit, not all scenarios will involve TASER deployment
Scenarios run at 10% - no injuries!!
Safety is PRIORITY...if you see something unsafe, say so!!
Full transcript