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Greek Drama and Plays

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by

Brianna Manzor

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of Greek Drama and Plays

Greek Drama and Plays
By: Brianna Manzor
2014
-Greek festivals included: the actors, directors, and dramatics.
- Only three actors were used/play
- All actors were male
- Later on non-speaking roles
began
-The chorus were very important
- The chorus was very active in the theater
- Chorus was given 1/2 of the lines that the plays used.
- Music was played during their lines.
- Most popular plays were bases on tragedy and comedy.
Theater honored Greek God Dionysus.


- Few tragedies were written
- Written by Euripides and Sophocles
- Most Greek tragedies were written on mythology or history
- Include: searching for meanings of nature and nature gods
- Most tragedies began with a prologue.
- Chorus introduces period called the paradox.
-Final scene is called
exodus-
when actors and chorus leave
Tragedies
Comedies
- Comedy was important in Greece
- Historians do not know how it was created.
- Theory of how it was discovered is through imitations.
- Comedies were created by Aristophanes.
-Made fun of artists, politicians, and philosophers.
- Beginning of the play is called parados.
-Parados is when 24 performers enter stage and sing and dance.
- Outlandish costumes were used to ammuse the audience.
- The second phase of the show was called the agon.
- Agon is when conflicts between two main characters occur with amusing plots.
- The end is called the exodus
- Exodus is when the actors do more dances and sing more songs to end the play.

Ancient Greek Playwrights:
- Greek playwrights: Sophocles, Euripides,
Aristophanes.
- Playwrights of Ancient Greece.
- Well known throughout the world
Sophocles
-Explored mans ability to determine his destiny by using his mind and free will.
- Wrote Tragedy
- Wrote 7 tragedies have survived.
- Won 24 contests for his plays
Contributions to Theater History:
- Introduced the third actor to the stage.
-Fixed number of chorus members to 15
-First to use scene painting
Euripides
- Wrote many plays criticizing many Athenian customs and treatment of women.
- Wrote some tragedy
- 18 of his 90 plays survived
- Often criticized for questioning traditional values on stage.
- Explored psychological motivations of character's actions in his plays.
- No other writer used that technique.
Aristophanes
- Comedy writer
- Came from a wealthy family.
- Many of his plays were about the problems in Athens.
- 11 out of the 40 plays he wrote survived.
- One of his plays make fun of Athenian leader Cleaon
- Plays were about raids and enemy invasions that happened during his life Greece.
- Made fun of leaders and common people in his plays.
Ancient Greece Theater Animation
Short Video on Ancient Greek Theatre
Full transcript