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Four Types of Evidence for Chemical Reactions
Transcript of Four Types of Evidence for Chemical Reactions
The forming of new bonds influences the energy of the electrons, which then influences the color of the substances
Example: Blue litmus paper turns red when placed in acid. The Four Types of Evidence Are: Formation of a precipitate
Formation of a gas
Energy Change Chemical Reactions Chemical reactions involve a rearrangement
of atoms or ions through the breaking and forming of bonds to create new and different substances. Formation of a Precipitate A precipitate forms when a new substance is formed with a much lower solubility than the original substance.
A solid is formed from a mixture of solutions
Example: When aqueous silver nitrate (AgNO3) is added to a solution containing potassium chloride (KCl), the precipitation of a white solid, silver chloride (AgCl), is observed. Formation of a Gas Visible bubbles without boiling usually indicate the formation of a gas
When gas is produced, it shows an increase in kinetic energy of the atom (compound) as it is changed to a gas
Example: Antacid tablets in water release carbon dioxide gas Energy Change New substances that form contain a different amount of chemical energy than the reactants
Heat and/or light is released or absorbed, following the Law of Conservation of Energy
Most release energy to their surroundings, heating the container and air around the reaction, but a few absorb energy
cooling their surroundings
Example: the combustion of
gasoline Chemical Reactions Since this forming of bonds cannot be directly observed, there are certain things to look for that help identify if a chemical reaction has taken place. These clues are the evidences of chemical reactions. References http://dr282zn36sxxg.cloudfront.net/datastreams/f-d%3Adc5f2bcb89346020bd8327fb5b5fa5e4da3d0b70d7ba0071bc170bb2%2BIMAGE%2BIMAGE.1 http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/grassroots/images/index1004_gr1004maglass.jpg http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ds-photo/getty/article/165/70/80406866_XS.jpg http://students.cis.uab.edu/ash13y/Precipitate.jpg http://revision-systems.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/FoamingBeakerCartoon.jpg http://0.tqn.com/d/chemistry/1/0/P/n/litmuspaper.jpg http://olmcwikidlinks.wikispaces.com/file/view/chemical_change.jpg/235027574/chemical_change.jpg http://cdn.c.photoshelter.com/img-get/I0000zAOrtJlOsfA/s/860/860/Fphoto-67331207C-6ES.jpg http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/512528-39412-57.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/78/Chemical_precipitation_diagram.svg/220px-Chemical_precipitation_diagram.svg.png http://sites.jmu.edu/chemdemo/files/2011/06/100_3448-200x150.jpg