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Instruments in a Symphonic Orchestra

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by

Billy Ferguson

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Instruments in a Symphonic Orchestra

By: Billy Ferguson Instruments in a Symphonic Orchestra What does an orchestra look like? How is it set up? Instruments? The flute is a woodwind instrument
It is pitched in the key of C
It's origins date back in almost every culture
2-4 are usually found
Sometimes they double on piccolo
Treble Clef Flute Oboe The oboe is a woodwind instrument
Pitched in C
Dates back into early Indian culture
2-3 people
Third usually doubles on English Horn
Treble Clef Clarinet The clarinet is a woodwind instrument
Pitched in Bb
Invented around 1670, came from the primitive chalumeau
3-4 people
May play many different kinds of clarinet
Treble Clef A double reed woodwind instrument
Pitched in C
Martin Hotteterre 1712 developed modern-ish bassoon
Ancestor is the dulcian
Bass Clef
2-4 people
Contrabassoon doubled Bassoon Clarinet The clarinet is a woodwind instrument
Pitched in Bb
Invented around 1670, came from the primitive chalumeau
3-4 people
May play many different kinds of clarinet
Treble Clef http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orchestra A brass instrument
4 keys, including the thumb
It's German
Key of F
Originally created for a Jewish religious ritual
Three Kinds, Double is the most common
4 players French Horn brass instrument
three valves
Key of Bb
among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to at least 1500 BC
Tutankhamun's grave in Egypt
F, C, D, E, E, G and A trumpets
Piccolo Trumpet Trumpet Pitched in C
Slide
Very different
Seven Positions
Trigger
"larger trumpet"
François Riedlocker during the early 19th century Trombone Tuba largest brass
pitched in C
only one player
Fourth valve
1838 by Carl Wilhelm Mortiz Violin Strings instrument
pitched in C
4 strings
smallest strings
in 1555 by Andrea Amati
16-18 firsts
14-16 seconds
Full transcript