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The Holocaust

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by

Janna Sturgis

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of The Holocaust

THE HOLOCAUST
The beginning of the Holocaust
1933-1938
Adolf Hitler is assigned chancellor of Germany.
The Nazi party became a regime and over powered Weimar Republic.
Nazi's established the first concentration camps.
The use of propaganda became popular for Nazi's.
Hitler declares himself as Führer in addition to being Chancellor.

Resources used:
http://www.ushmm.org/learn/timeline-of-events/1933-1938
General Information:
Nazi's rose to power in 1933
Ethnic cleansing of Jews, Catholics,
homosexuals, Jehovah witness's and
anyone who opposed Hitler's
political views.
In Greek the word Holocaust means
"Sacrifice by fire"
6 million Jews died
Nazi's conquered most of Europe
Nazi's ended Weimer Republic
The middle of the Holocaust
1939-1941
Germany invaded Poland.
Jewish property, identifying clothing, and forced-labor camps.
The Soviet Union.
Hitler signs "Barbarbossa".

Resources used:
http://www.ushmm.org/learn/timeline-of-events/1939-1941
After 1945
Six million Jews have been murdered.
Allied troops entered concentration camps.
Hitler dies April 30, 1945.
Video: http://www.history.com/topics/the-holocaust/videos#death-of-hitler

Resources used:
http://www.ushmm.org/learn/timeline-of-events/after-1945
The end of the Holocaust
1942-1945
Nazi Germany intensified its pursuit of the “Final Solution.”
Found ways to increase the death of Jews faster.
Allied troops uncovered the full extent of crimes committed during the Holocaust.

Resources used:
http://www.ushmm.org/learn/timeline-of-events/1942-1945
What was the Holocaust?
VS.
Before the Holocaust
Recover from World War I.
9 million Jews lived in Europe.
Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany losing World War I.

Resources used:
http://www.ushmm.org/learn/timeline-of-events/before-1933
Concentration camps
vs.
Death camps

Death camps were used to kill the jews or the "unwanted." Between 1941 and 1943 "pure extermination camps were built in six different cities in Poland; Belzec, sobibor, Treblinka, Chelmo, Majdanek, and the most common camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau. There were also Combined Extermination camps, which meant that there was a mix of people from the regular concentration camps and those who were getting put to death.


Regular Concentration camps have many different purposes in which Nazi's intend on working the captives to death, literally. This was one of the most important tasks that the Nazi regime had to fill.

There were many different purposes and off springs of the Concentration camps. There "ordinary" camps, forced labour camps, and work and reformatory camps.

The first concentration camp was Dachau in 1933 and later on during Hitler's reign 1,200 more concentration camps were built.


by: Janna Sturgis
and
Alexia Rifaey

The Holocaust
Began from the time period between 1933-1945
State-Sponsored persecution of murder of 6 million jews including 1.5 million children by the Nazi's party
Jews and other targeted people were forced to move out of their homes and into concentration and/or extermination camps.
Chelmo extermination camp was built in December 1941
152,000 people were gassed by the exhaust from trucks
After the following, Operation Reinhard was established
Belzec was established in May 1942-August 1943
Approximatley 600,000 jews were gassed in the gas chambers
Sobibor formed in may 1942-October 1943
Uprising broke out and ended the camp
250,000 people died in the gas chambers
Treblinka was a working camp from July 1942 to November 1943
Uprising ended many of the functions of the camp
900,000 people died
Auschwitz-Birkenau developed in March 1942-November 1944
This was an extermination camp and a "regular" Concentration camp
"largest killing center"
9 out of 10 victims were jews

Majdanek, the gassings began in 1942
Functioned the same way as Auschwitz did
The camp closed after claiming between 60,000 and 80,000 jews
Kristallnacht
November 9-10 to 1938
Nazi's lit synagogues on fire, vandalized jewish schools, business and even the homes of jews
Close to 100 jews were killed this night
What Happened to the
Jewish Children?
Nazi's were not afraid to kill children as well as adults, because they thought that the children should not get more developed ideas in their head about the Jewish ways.
If they were strong enough they would work in the labour camps
Holocaust related movies include:
Schindler's list
The Boy in the Striped Pajamas
The Pianist
Defiance
Anne Frank
One of thousands of
Young girls who died
during the Holocaust
She was on her own
struggling for survival
While she was in hiding she
wrote a diary of her experiences

Reinhard
Heydrich
Full transcript