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Transcript of Shakespeare Scrapbook
William Shakespeare 1564 William Shakespeare was one of eight children who grew up in this house in Stratford. JOAN MARGARET GILBERT
JOAN ANNE RICHARD EDMUND
Only William and his younger sister Joan married and had children. Joan's lineage is the only blood connection to Shakespeare still evident today. 1558 - 1558 1562 - 1563 1566 - 1612
1569 - 1646 1571 - 1579 1574 - 1613 1580 - 1607 There are no record of when William Shakespeare was born however it is generally believed to be April 23rd 1564 Records prove he was baptised at the church by his house on the 26th April.
Tradition of the time dictates that children should be baptised as soon as possible.
So this theory of his birthday has some substance 1571 - 1578 William attended Stratford Grammar School from the age of 7 - 14 Schoolboys had a long, hard, unvaried day,
from Monday to Saturday. They started at 6
or 7 in the morning and finished at 5 or 6 in
the evening with a two hour break for dinner.
There was no physical education or sport
and no vacations apart from the odd religious
holiday, which was never more than one day
in length. Church on Sunday was compulsory
and the service went on for hours.
Latin was at the heart of the curriculum and
the method of learning was to memorise long
passages of Latin prose and poetry. 1582 At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway who was 9 years older then him.
Their first child Susanna came 6 months after the wedding. some historians take this as evidence that it was a "shotgun wedding", forced on a reluctant Shakespeare by the Hathaway family. Which was not uncommon for the time this is the only surviving image of Anne Hathaway Shakespeare William and Anne had three children together SUSANNAH JUDITH HAMNET 1583 - 1649 1585 - 1662 1585 - 1596 1585 -1610 Shakespeare left his home for London to be an actor. He became one of the founding members of Lord Chamberlain's Men, which would later become The King's Men William traveled between London and
Stratford to see his family regularly.
Regardless of his fame, acting was still a job that was not regarded well The Globe Theater was built by Lord Chamberlain's Men in 1599 after the old theater burnt down due to a stage accident during Henry VIII. Shakespeare was part of the original 6 shareholders, owning a 10% share.
The Globe Theater was opened in 1614 and closed 1642 1610 - 1616 Shakespeare retired in 1613 and returned to the family home in Stratford
He died three years later in 1616, aged 52. While this seems quite young to us Shakespeare was considered a lucky man who lived a long and healthy life At the time it was common for old graves to be moved to make room for new graves. To stop this Shakespeare left an inscription. "Good friend for Jesus sake forbeare,
To dig the dust enclosed here.
Blessed be the man that spares these stones,
And cursed be he that moves my bones." For this reason we need to often look beyond the words for meaning since they have been hiding for centuries. Shakespeare wrote during a time of great change. Plays were often checked before performances to ensure they were politically correct and not spreading lies against the Church. It was a time we now call the renaissance era. There was a clear shift from medieval thinking to something more modern. Shakespeare wrote for two monarchs. Queen Elizabeth and King James. Both were considered intelligent and quick witted. They also loved the theater. How would this effect what Shakespeare wrote and performed during their reign? SHAKESPEARE'S
AND COMEDIES Shakespeare's plays can be found within three categories COMEDIES
The Two Gentlemen of Verona
The Merry Wives of Windsor
Measure for Measure
The Comedy of Errors
Much Ado About Nothing
Love's Labour's Lost
A Midsummer Night's Dream
The Merchant of Venice
As You Like It
The Taming of the Shrew
All's Well That Ends Well
The Winter's Tale
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
The Two Noble Kinsmen HISTORIES
Henry IV, Part 1
Henry IV, Part 2
Henry VI, Part 1
Henry VI, Part 2
Henry VI, Part 3
Henry VIII TRAGEDIES
Troilus and Cressida
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Antony and Cleopatra
Cymbeline greater emphasis on
situations than characters mistaken identity Multiple, intertwining plots slapstick puns and word play dry humour anything without a happy ending
can't be a comedy. the dangers of civil war decline of the medieval world a biased criticism of their own country. moves away from English history
to the camouflage of Roman, Danish,
Scottish or Ancient British history must be an admirable but flawed character audience able to understand
and sympathize protagonists are capable of both
good and evil train of bad decisions WHAT DID SHAKESPEARE
DO FOR ENGLISH? the English language at the time was not structured and was strictly a speaking language. Due to war and politics, the English language was starting to borrow other words from different languages but most people lacked the skills to really use the language well
Shakespeare changed this by expressed new ideas and distinctions by inventing, borrowing or adopting a word or a phrase from another language GRAMMAR AND STYLE the beginnings of English
word play COINED NEW TERMS ariel, amazement, suspicious, road,
eventful, cynical and dwindle. these new words were the result of
neologism or creative invention neologism: a newly coined term, word, or phrase,
that may be in the process of entering common use,
but has not yet been accepted into mainstream language COINED NEW PHRASES "one fell swoop" "naked truth" "fair play" "mind's eye" "break the ice" "sounds Greek" Shakespeare created many new words
(the Oxford English Dictionary records over 2,000) MODERN ADAPTATIONS Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets and 36 plays. His work is still used
today in some of our pop culture based on "Taming of the Shrew" plot resembles "Hamlet" based on "The Twelfth Night" influenced by "Hamlet" "Zombie Shakespeare" Hamlet Macbeth A comic book series that has the
Simpson character retell famous stories Shakespeare appears in the game
where he guards the gates of heaven THE SIMPSONS LOVE SHAKESPEARE a stage production where Simpson characters and Shakespeare's 'macbeth' meet Troilus and Cressida
Antony and Cleopatra
Henry V Romeo and Juliet
Two Gentlemen of Verona