Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

"Work and Play" by Ted Hughes

No description
by

Jasmine T

on 2 December 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of "Work and Play" by Ted Hughes

"Work and Play" by Ted Hughes
Background Information
Poem Published:
Season Songs
1975
"Summer" poem
General Analysis
Swallows:
Flying is acrobatic
Twists and turns
Migrate back to UK during summer
Fields and wetlands
7 to 8 inches tall, 0.5 to 1 oz

Personal Reflections
Stanza 1
T.A.P. I.T.S. D.R.I.F.T.
Appearance
Stanzas:
4
Unequal number of lines
Similar set up in Stanazs 1-3
Lines:
44
Lines about Sparrow--longer
Lines about Humans--shorter
Paraphrase
While the sparrow is working through out the summer day (swims, makes a rainbow, and sews together the sky and ocean), the humans play at the beach, relaxing, and sunbathe until they're burnt.
Title
Comparison between "work" and "play"
Two opposites
Imagery
Tone
Sparrows:
Positive
Amazed
Admiring
Shift
Diction
Swallow:
"Toils"--hardworking
"Voltage"--energetic
"Rejoicing"--happy, content
"Perfect"--perfection
Human:
"Serpent"--connotation
"Holiday" people--connotation
"Wounded"--hurt, immobile
"Torment"--suffering, unhappy
"Tomatoes"
Rhythm
Irony
"Rejoicing shadow"--line 44
"Returns to the hand stretched from under the eaves"--line 43
Entire Poem:
Swallow is happier working than humans had relaxing at beach.
Figurative Language
Theme
Nature VS Humans
Nature:
Good
Hardworking
Pure
Happy
Humans:
Bad
Lazy
Polluting/Dirty
Discontented
Stanza 2
Stanza 3
Stanza 4
Topic and Summary
Theme: Nature and Man
Mood
Type of Poem
My understanding of "Work" and "Play."
Connotation associated with "Work" and "Play."
Significance of Title: "Work and Play"
Sources
Sparrow spends day "working"
Swimming in sky
Creating a rainbow
Sewing ocean and sky
Nature:
"Good"
Hardworking
Perfect
Pure
Content
Happy
Man:
"Bad"
Lazy
Flawed
Pollutant
Miserable
Changes according to subject
Shaped by diction
The
s
wallow of
s
ummer
,
s
he
toils
all the
s
ummer
,
A blue-dark knot of
glittering voltage
,
A
whipla
sh
swimmer, a fi
sh
of the
air
.
But
the
serpent of
c
ars
that

c
rawls
through the
dust
In
s
himmering exhaust
S
earching to
s
lake
Its fever in ocean
Will
play
and be
idle
or else it will
bust
.
The swallow of summer
, the
barbed harpoon
,
She
f
lings
f
rom the
f
urnace, a
rainbow
of
purples
,
Dips her
glow
in the pond and is
perfect
.
But
the
serpent of cars

that
collapsed
on the beach
Disgorges
its
organs
A
scamper
of
colours
Which roll like
tomatoes
Nude as
tomatoes
With sand in their
c
reases
To
c
ringe
in the
s
parkle of rollers and
s
creech
.
The
s
wallow of
s
ummer
, the
s
eamstress
of
s
ummer,
S
he
s
cissors the
blue
into
s
hapes and
s
he
s
ews it,
S
he draws a long thread and she knots it at the corners.
But the
holiday people
Are laid out like
wounded
Flat as in
ovens
Roasting
and
basting
With
faces of torment
as space
burns
them
blue
Their heads are
transistors
Their teeth
g
rit
on sand
g
rains
Their
lost
kids are
squalling
While
man-eating
flies
Jab
electric shock needles
but what can they do?
They
c
an
c
limb in their
c
ars with
raw
bodies,
raw
faces
And
s
tart up the
s
erpent
And
h
eadache
it
h
omeward
A car full of
s
quabbles
And
s
obbing
and
s
tickiness
With
s
and in their crannies
Inhaling

p
etroleum
That
p
ours
from the
foxgloves
While the
evening

s
wallow
The
s
wallow of
s
ummer
,

c
artwheeling
through
c
rimson
,
Touches the
honey-slow river
and
turn
ing
Re
turn
s to the hand stretched from under the eaves -
A
boomerang
of
rejoicing shadow.
Uses metaphors and similes
Describing sparrow at work
Flying, carefree, energetic
Sewing, making rainbow
Describing humans at beach
Line of cars with exhaust coming out
Collapsing, exhausted
Cooking in sun
Fighting, chaotic

Used to set comparison.
Humans:
Negative
Critical
Disgusted
Disapproving
Tie to Poet:
Poem fits Hughes's love and appreciation for nature
Animals are common element of his poems
Deity
Metaphor
Persona
Icon
Man "playing"
Driving to beach
Sunbathing
Going home
Human:
Lethargic
Discontented
Trapped
Suffering
Swallow:
Happy
Celebratory
Energetic
Light
Narrative poem
Poem that tells a story
"Work and Play"
Reaccounts day of swallow and man
At odds with Ted Hughes's poem.
Effect of Literary Poet Devices
Rhyme Scheme:
No set pattern
Line 4-5
Line 15-16
Line 17-18
Meter:
No set pattern
Alliteration:
Line 1
Line 19-20
Line 34
Line 35-37
Line 41
Repetition:
"Swallow of summer"--first line of stanzas 1-3
Line 15-16, "Tomatoes"
Imagery:
Personificiation
Parallel structure:
Hyperbole:
Allusions:
Enjambment:
Simile"
Metaphor:
Irony:
Oxymoron:
Paradox:
Understatement:
Refrain:
Symbolism:
Stanza 1 to 3
First three lines of stanzas:
Subject=swallow
Lines are longer and fluid
More complex
Ironic
First two lines ends with a comma
Third line ends with a period
Stanza 4
Breaks patterns of Stanza 1-3
Subject Order
New pattern: Man first, then swallow
Why?
Ends poem on a happy note
Doesn't linger on humans
Set up of stanza
Stanza divisions for each topic, punctuation, and line length.
Concluding poem
"But" in 1-3 Stanzas
From swallows to humans
Tone
Fourth Stanza:
Change in stanza organization
Break from pattern
Comparing using nature to describe humans:
Which roll like tomatoes
Nude as tomatoes (Lines 15-16)

Inhaling petroleum
That pours from the foxgloves (Line 38-39)





No set rhythmic pattern.
Personification
Symbols
Metaphors
Similes
Enjambment
Repetition
Irony
Denotation
Alliteration
SOAPSTone
Occasion
Audience
Speaker
Third Person
Observer watching events
Possibly Ted Hughes
Subject
Sparrows:
Excitement
Amazed
Admiring
Wonder
Humans:
Negative
Disgust
Critical
Purpose
1975
Written with other season poems for his book
Children
Published in a song book for children
To compare human's laziness and unhappiness to nature's productivity and contentedness.
Tone
The day of a sparrow spent working.
The day of a human at the beach spent playing.
Type of poem:
Narrative
Reaccounts the day of a swallow and humans
5
10
15
Alliteration
Counters enjambment
Flow
Connotation
Adds depth to similes and metaphors
"Serpent"=Evil, Adam and Eve
Diction
Shapes characteristics of swallow and man
Set mood and tone
Set up comparison
Imagery
Means of contrasting swallow and man
Similes & Metaphors
Shapes imagery and comparison
Defines and distinguishes between swallow and man
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/tree_swallow/id
http://www.garden-birds.co.uk/birds/swallow.htm
http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/ted_hughes/poems/13800
http://www.s-cool.co.uk/gcse/english/poetry-of-ted-hughes/revise-it/work-and-play
Remaining lines of stanza:
Subject=man
Lines are shorter and abrupt
Simple
Ironic
Enjambment
No punctuation until last line
Alliteration
Tie together disconnected lines from enjambment
Flow
Connotation
Adds meaning to similes and metaphors
"Serpent"=Evil, Adam and Eve
Diction
Shapes characteristics of swallow and man, set mood and tone
Imagery
Provided contrast between swallow and man
Similes & Metaphors
Helped shape imagery
Defines and distinguishes between swallow and man
Personification
The swallow appears more human
Comparison between equals
Swallow doing her equivalent of human work happily
Symbolism
Swallow and Man comparison along with everything they represented
Enjambment
Created abrupt and choppy lines and transitions
Repetition
Reinforce specific words and phrases to reader
Irony
Entire poem is ironic
Uses nature to describe humans, "tomatoes," and cars, "foxgloves"
Effect of Literary Devices Continued
Personification
The swallow appears more human
More equal comparison
Swallow doing her equivalent of human work happily
Symbolism
Use of swallow and man to compare what they represent
Sets theme: Nature VS Humanity
Enjambment
Created abrupt and choppy lines and transitions
Repetition
Reinforce specific words and phrases to reader
Irony
Entire poem is ironic
Uses nature to describe humans, "tomatoes," and cars, "foxgloves"
20
25
30
35
40
Alliteration
Diction
Repetition
Alliteration
Diction
Repetition
Alliteration
Diction
Repetition
Alliteration
Diction
Repetition
"Work"=Swallow
"Play"=Humans

Comparison between two opposites
Contrary to readers first assumption
Ironic
Swallow happier working than humans are playing

Full transcript