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Samuel De Champlain
Transcript of Samuel De Champlain
Champlain Who? What? Where? Why? How? When? Samuel De Champlain - How many voyages has Samuel
- What are the names of his Ships?
- Where did he go?
- How did he get injured?
- What country was it that hurt him?
- When was his 1st voyage?
- When was his death date?
- Who are his enemies?
- Where is his map from where he went?
- Who was on Samuel's crew? On his side?
- Why did Samuel like going on voyages so much?
- Why did his family leave him? Where are they? Primary and Secondary Sources!
Primary - Maps, and letters
Secondary - Modern Maps, Print Materials, Internet Sites, Pearson Canadian History 7, textbook, etc. (Bibliography is handed in.) My Answers To My Questions Champlain's Story Samuel De Champlain, accomplishes many things on his voyages, and Samuel explored Coastal Regions of Eastern North America. He joined an attack near a lake and he used a "Arquebus" type of shotgun. He loaded many times on that fight. He was known from his legacy as the "Father of New France" because he did this in one attack. He is a cartographer which is know as a map maker and does interior designing. Samuel set out to find riches for France also. Champlain's earliest travels were with his uncle, and he ventured as far as Spain and the West Indies. From 1601 to 1603, he was a geographer for King Henry IV, and then joined François Gravé Du Pont's expedition to Canada in 1603. In 1615, Champlain made a brave voyage into the interior of Canada accompanied by a tribe of Native Americans with whom he had good relations, the Hurons. Champlain and the French aided the Hurons in an attack on the Iroquois, but they lost the battle and Champlain was hit in the knee with an arrow and unable to walk. He lived with the Hurons that winter, between the foot of Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe. During his stay, he composed one of the earliest and most detailed accounts of Native American life. After Samuel was done visting Quebec, he went home and wrote all about it and made letters. Things didn't go smoothly for Champlain for long. Charles I of England made it to an expedition under David Kirke to displace the French. They attacked the fort and ruined ships, cutting off population of the colony. Champlain surrendered on July 19, 1629 and returned to France. Champlain spent some time writing about his travels until, in 1632, the British and the French signed the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, returning Quebec to the French. Champlain returned to be its governor. By this time, however, his health was failing and he was forced to retire in 1633. That is when he sadly died, in 1635. He also got shot down the neck by a Bowen arrow. He was buried in Quebec
He set up a fur-trading post near the St. Lawrence River in 1608
He was Governor in New France in 1633
He made his first voyage in 1603
He explored Lake Ontario and Georgian Bay
He spent two years in Peru and Mexico
His birthday is august 13 1574
He sailed with his father many times
He was the son of a navy captain
He drew many maps of the Atlantic Coast - Samuel De Champlain has been on 21 voyages.
- The names of his ships are:
1.) Levrier (The Hunt Dog) was commanded by Champlain's friend Du Pont.
2.) St. Julien was the ship Champlain inherited from his uncle-in-law that was also an explorer.
3.) Main ship- was the Don-de-Dieu (Gift of God) was commanded by Samuel de Champlain.
- 3 examples of where he went on his voyages are, North America, Quebec City and Port Royal, Acadia. There is one amazing one called, Francois Grave Du Pont, which is as you could see French.
- Champlain died by this time, however, his health was failing and he was forced to retire in 1633.
- He died in Quebec on Christmas day, 1635.
- 747 crew members were on Champlains ship!
- To put this into a short story, Samuel married a 12 year old girl, Helene Boulle when he was in his 50's. They never actually got married but they assumed their marriage and she never had any children - in fact, she became a nun, founded an order of nuns and became a Mother Superior. In France in those days, you could marry a girl of 12 but couldn't live together and get married in church until they were 14. Samuel left for the new world before Helene was 14, and made many voyages. So it was basically a relationship but left eachother. DID YOU KNOW??????!!!!!!!!???????!!!!!!!!! The war of Samuel against Natives... Champlain made successful contact with Native Canadians. It was French policy at the time to enter into Native affairs, so Champlain allied France with the Huron and Algonquin tribes. He even agreed to join the Huron as part of their war party and aid in an attack against their mortal enemy, the Iroquois in the Mohawk Valley in 1615. Joining the war party was a strategic move on Champlain’s part to discover more land in Western Canada and possibly trade routes or opportunities for France. Champlain came through Lake Nipissing and Georgian Bay to Huronia, and the war party travelled from Huronia, through Sturgeon Lake, Chemong Lake, the Otonabee River, Rice Lake, the Trent River and the Bay of Quinte into Lake Ontario. MARRIAGES... MAPS Throughout much of human history, marriage was not a bringing together of two individuals, but rather of two families. During the Middle Ages, bride and groom often did not know each other at all--it was their parents who arranged the engagement, or betrothal. The bride could have been as young as twelve; boys did not usually marry until they were seventeen. Part of the custom of marriage involved the exchange of goods or money. In Medieval Europe, for example, each bride came with a dowry, which was given to the groom's family. A dowry's components could include such simple items as household linens to such important items as land deeds. In other cultures, it was the groom's family who compensated the bride's family by paying a bride-price. The bride-price was to compensate the family for the loss of the bride's work, and in return to bride's family gave up their rights to her labor and her children. Marriage underwent a gradual transition from a custom to a legal state. In 1215, the Catholic Church declared that a private promise was an unbreakable convenant, and that the two partners would be considered married. However, this private promise led to problems; imagine two young people whispering a promise to each other, although they knew it would be against their family's wishes, or words spoken in the heat of passion that the speaker found him or herself held to in the light of day. The rules were changed in 1563 to require the presence of a priest and two reliable witnesses. This is the map of traveling during
the WAR OF SAMUEL VS. NATIVE peoples. Samuel de Champlain built a colony in Quebec he developed a fur trading post with the natives. He went on raids and was the first European to find Lake Champlain which he named for himself. Quebec City was found by Samuel de Champlain. I think that Quebec City changed by obviously, population, agricultural, all the food, transportation, nicer and safer cities and their are better jobs and their are not many wars in Quebec which is on the safe side.