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Chapter 9 Introductions and Conclusions

Group Presentation Public Speaking 9-24-2013
by

paula barnhart

on 26 August 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 9 Introductions and Conclusions

Chapter 9 Introductions and Conclusions
Chapter 10 Using Language Well

Introduction
Basic Functions
Attention Getting Devices
Tell a Story
Use Humor
Preview Statement
Conclusion
Prepare the audience

Present any final appeals

Summarize and Close

End with a clincher

Basic Functions
Attention
attire
stance
physical appearance

Goodwill
- establish credibility
External - use credible resources
Internal - eye contact and voice

Purpose
Thesis Statement

Preview and Structure
Preview Statement

Attention Getting Devices
Refer to:

a story
an occassion
historical event
the previous speech
personal experience
startling statistics
analogy
use a quote
ask a question about an event
use humor

Humor
The use of humor in an introduction
can be one of the most effective types
of introductions—if done well.

Humor done badly can destroy the speech and ruin a speaker’s credibility.




End with a clincher

Finishing Touch
Prepare Introduction and Conclusions last
The introduction (and conclusion) is prepared last because you want to make sure that the body of the speech drives the introduction, not the other way around.

Think of the introduction and conclusion as the "book ends" of your speech.
Summarize and Close
Restate thesis and bring to a close
Tell a Story
A story can be used as part of the introduction, and finished in the conclusion
Prepare the Audience and Present Final Appeals
This is a non verbal cue to let your audience know the speech is drawing to an end

In an persuasive speech, this is an opportune moment to reemphasize your key point. It is not a time to present new information.
Constructing Clear and Vivid Messages
Use
Simple
Language
Use
Concrete
and Precise Language
Avoid Pitfalls
Profanity
Exaggeration
Powerless
Incorrect Grammer
Other Language
Cliches
Central to Popular Culture

The Power of Language
What we
know

What we
feel

Communication vs. Language
Communication: Transferring what is on our minds to the minds of our audience.
-Language: How we communicate; a system of symbols we use to form messages.

Language Creates Social Reality
Language can make difference in good or bad speech

audience may not share the same language

The language you use is a reflection on your character

Difference Language Choices Make
Particular wording can make a speech remarkable.
Ethical and Accurate Language
Language and Ethics
Language is not universal. What may be good for some, is negative for others

Sexist and Heterosexist Language
He
does not mean
she
in America


Using Stylized Language
Makes you
sound better
and makes your speeches
memorable
Language
Conclusion
language we use and the way we see the world

use language that is clear, vivid, stylized, ethical and that reflects well on you as the speaker.

carefully consider what language will
you use and how will those language
choices make a difference in how your
audiences defines and understands your topic.
Full transcript