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Traumatic Brain Injury Prezi
Transcript of Traumatic Brain Injury Prezi
Not congenital, not caused by an illness or stroke.
Often the result of accidents or sports. What is a Traumatic Brain Injury? What is TBI?
How often will we see it? Since our brain defines who we are, the consequences of a brain injury can affect all aspects of our lives, including our personality. A brain injury is different from a broken limb or punctured lung. An injury in these areas limits the use of a specific part of your body, but your personality and mental abilities remain unchanged. Most often, these body structures heal and regain their previous function.
Brain injuries do not heal like other injuries. Recovery is a functional recovery, based on mechanisms that remain uncertain. No two brain injuries are alike and the consequence of two similar injuries may be very different. Symptoms may appear right away or may not be present for days or weeks after the injury.
Approximately 475,000 TBIs occur each year among children ages 0-14. As of 2007, there were 24,606 children with IEPs for TBI nationwide. One in 25 children will sustain an acquired brain injury before high school graduation. Characteristics of Students with TBI TBI can affect most aspects of a student's functioning:
Motor abilities, sensory/perceptual systems, cognition, communication, executive functioning, social-emotional issues, behavior, memory, personality
Medical problems such as headaches, seizures, fatigue
Students may have difficulties in some or all of these areas. Strengths and Challenges
of Students with TBI Instructional Methods for Students with TBI Vary widely according to the nature of the injury.
At the least, adjusting the student's schedule and workload, and accommodating fatigue issues.
At the most, extensive special services. Severe TBI patients often need PT, OT, speech, psychiatric and psychological treatment,and social support. Special ed teachers will need to rely on the assistance and recommendations of related services experts.
Special education services may include: accommodations and modifications for physical, visual, and cognitive difficulties; considerable repetition of academic material; support for behavioral difficulties. STRENGTHS Empathy
With increasing awareness of TBI, schools and society are much better equipped to assist recovering students. CHALLENGES In more mild cases, the student may need his workload reduced and his schedule adjusted; he may be able to work for only limited periods each day. Medical doctors may dictate how much a student can work.
In more severe cases, TBI is a lifelong disability that will require ongoing, and constantly changing, accommodations and modifications.
TBI recovery is a dynamic condition; many symptoms will improve over time, but others may appear later. School staff need to be prepared for changes.
A student may be a different person after TBI, with reduced abilities and a different personality. The student, families, and school staff will all need to make major adjustments. Kevin Brolsma, Katherine Lin, and Reggie Smith