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The fall of Saigon
Transcript of The fall of Saigon
Even before the capital city was under attack, the united states knew that the Vietcong were coming. The nearby port of Da Nang had been invaded early the same morning and evacuation had been going since at least the day before.(Browne, Malcolm)
Two years prior to the events of April 30th 1975 The united states had officially pulled out of Vietnam in agreement with the Paris Peace Accords. Fighting had started back up again by the end of 1973 so the United States still had 150,000 soldiers positioned in South Vietnam and had a U.S. embassy in Saigon. (The Learning Network).
What is it?
The fall of Saigon is the closing event of the Vietnam war.Saigon was the capital of south Vietnam and it was stormed on by the north Vietnamese.The United States fled, leaving the residents of Saigon to face the wrath of the Vietcong. The Vietnamese who were abandoned at the Fall of Saigon were left traumatized deserved better treatment from the Americans. (The Learning Network).
During the Attack
During the attack many Vietnamese crowded American evacuation planes and helicopters almost to the point they could not take off. Children were handed to Americans with their parents pleading for their safety. While orphaned children were evacuated, most were left behind.Those who had aided the americans were severely punished or killed. (Firth).
The fall of Saigon
Click here :http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/specials/saigon/index.html
for a lot of articles about the Fall of Saigon
Before the Fall
(The New York Times)
Photo taken April 29th 1975 at the U.S. embassy. vietnamese plead with U.S. officials to take them away from Saigon.
Nguyen Van Thieu and Duong Van Minh
knowing that death was certain if he stayed, Nguyen Van Thieu resigned his position as president and fled the country.Duong Van Minh was placed in office only two days before the attack on Saigon. He was forced to handover control of Vietnam to the revolutionary forces. Minh lived in seclusion in his villa for eight years after words (LATimes)
On April 30th north Vietnamese troops stormed Saigon,including an abandoned tarmac with airplanes left by the United States in their rush to leave. (The New York Times Company)
As well as evacuating U.S. employees and reporters, Orphaned children were evacuated on planes. One plane carrying children crashed killing 130 people including 78 children. The international red cross said that the action broke the broke a Geneva Convention statute that war orphans be “educated within their own culture.” (Firth)
this video gives a overview of the events that took place in Saigon,(ColdWarWariors)
Vietnam was left in turmoil after the south invaded Saigon. The citizens who had been aiding the U.s. were killed. Some tried to boat out of the country but never made it while others got to Cambodia. Family's had been split up in the turmoil. children who once called Vietnam their home now lived in either the United States,Canada, Europe or Australia.The city of Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. (Firth)
The U.S. in all of this
The Vietnam war is widely considered the only war the U.S. has ever lost. Some even say that we lost it "by choice". some historians think that if we had stayed longer, we would have won the fight and that The actions of the nation were despicable. (The Washington Times)
Duong Van Minh was president of south veitnam for two days before Saigon fell
Browne, Malcolm W. "Da Nang's Fall Feared Imminent; U.S. Ships Sent to Help
Refugees." New York Times on the Web. New York Times, n.d. Web. 25 Feb.
ColdWarWariors. "Fall of Saigon 1975." Youtube. youtube, n.d. Web. 25 Feb.
CORBIS/Bettmann. Evacuees are helped aboard an Air America helicopter perched
atop a Saigon building on April 29, 1975. the evacuation site was one of
many from which Americans and foreign nationals were evacuated to waiting
Navy ships. New York Times on the Web. New York Times, n.d. Web. 25 Feb.
Esper, George. "Evacuation from Saigon Tumultuous at the End." New York Times On
The Web. New York Times, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/
Firth, Shannon. "On This Day: Saigon Falls to Vietcong, Ending Vietnam War."
Finding Dulcinea. Dulcinea Media, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.
LATimes. Los Angeles Times, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.
The Learning Network. "April 30, 1975 | Saigon Falls." NY Times. New York Times,
n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/04/30/
The New York Times Company. North Vietnamese troops run across the tarmac of Tan
Son Nhat air base in Saigon as smoke billows behind abandoned U.S. Air
Force transport planes on April 30, 1975. New York Times on the Web. New
York Times, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/learning/
Nick Ut/ The Associated Press. A Vietnamese woman carries her wounded daughter
as they flee heavy fighting near Huan Loc, about 35 miles north of Saigon,
on March 13, 1975. New York Times on the Web. New York Times, n.d. Web. 25
Feb. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/specials/saigon/
Tr?ng ??t. Duong Van Minh. Danchimviet. ?àn Chim Vi?t, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.
Washington Times. "EDITORIAL: Fall of Saigon revisited." Washington Times.
Washington Times, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014.