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A Look at REBT and Albert Ellis

This presentation looks at the psychotherapist, and self-proclaimed humanist Albert Ellis and his theory of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), and how it is related to the definition of personality discussed in the class of PSI-303 at USC
by

Christian De La Cruz

on 14 July 2014

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Transcript of A Look at REBT and Albert Ellis

ALBERT ELLIS
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
Personality
"The underlying causes within the person, of individual behavior and experience" (Cloninger, 2010, p. 3)
Personality
"causes within"
"individual"
"behavior"
"experience"
201-10-7216
Christian De La Cruz
PSI-303
Teorías de Personalidad
Prof. Benjamín Ruíz
causes within
causes of behavior
"inner person"
unexplainable attributed to invisible
individual
Behavior
Experience
latin: individuus
not-divisible
social manifestation
the result of "mental states" or some internal function (personality)
response to stimuli (Skinner & Behavior)
events a person has been through
Person
aspires, wants, feels, desires
similar to "individual"
Homo-sapiens
What makes a theory a theory of personality?
REBT
humanistic educative model
Psychotherapeutic Theory and Practice
Precursor cognitive behavioral therapy
philosophical and empirical background
What does it look to accomplish?
Patterns, coherency, of an invisible person who behaves in a certain way.
1955 vs 1960
Our beliefs effect our behavior
“Men are disturbed not by things, but by the views which they take of them.”
(Epictetus, 1st Century AD)
A
model for psychological disturbances & behavior
-B
-C
ctivating event
Irrational
eliefs
Behavioral
onsequences
The Three Basic Musts
Musterbation
most common irrational beliefs stem from demands
which could really be strong preferences
I MUST
YOU MUST
LIFE MUST
(a demand on ourselves)
(a demand on others)
(a demand on situations)
I MUST…
pass this semester or I am a WORTHLESS human being.
YOU MUST…
accept me as I am or else you're no good.
LIFE MUST…
treat me fairly, or else it is terrible.
D
ispute
Why is that?
Where is it true?
Where is the evidence?
There is no evidence.
None of it is true.
Change irrational MUSTS for strong PREFERENCES
I strongly PERFER
I strongly PERFER
I strongly PERFER
that I pass this semester,
but even if I don't, I will accept myself
unconditionally.
for you to accept me,
but your acceptance and approval,
though nice, are not necessary for
my survival.
for life to be fair and easy,
but I know that the universe does not act against or to spite me, and it is I who applies perspective to otherwise neutral events, and I can choose to see events in a more positive light.
Stoic philosophy and empirical evidence
Albert Ellis
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
born September 27, 1913
died July 24, 2007
New York, New York
1934 B.A. in business at The City College of New York, Downtown
Albert Ellis
studied Freud, but broke away for philosophical roots
taught himself REBT, unwittingly, at 19, to talk to women
sex and couples therapist before psychology
self proclaimed humanist; practicing cognicist
1956 first publication on REBT; 4 years before CBT
1955 (42) first came up with REBT
New York & United States
1955
Thriving economy
Huge architectural development in New York City
Development of Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
Hollywood Blacklist
Cold War & the "Red Scare"
Rock n' Roll; Elvis makes first T.V. appearance
Rampant Racism
Is REBT a
theory of personality?
NO
Is there an inner person?
YES
IS BEHAVIOR THE RESULT OF AN "INNER PROCESS"?
YES
.
.
.
BUT IT IS THE RESULT OF REASON, NOT A "god"
ALSO, DOES NOT CLOSE THE DOOR ON ENVIRONMENT'S ROLE
SO…
NO.
AS SKINNER WOULD SAY…
DOES IT BELIEVE IN A PERSON OR A SUBJECT?
PERSON.
BUT IT IS IRRELEVANT
IT CAN BE APPLIED TO HUMANISTIC VIEW,
AS WELL AS BEHAVIORAL AND COGNITIVE.
BIOLOGISTS WOULD HAVE TO RUN SOME MORE TESTS TO BE CERTAIN
…OR WAIT FOR THE TECHNOLOGY TO BE INVENTED (OR INVENT IT)
DOES IT SAY IT "IS" OR "ISN'T"?
NO
REBT IS NOT A THEORY OF PERSONALITY
NOR COULD IT BE COMPLEMENTARY
BECAUSE IT'S MAIN PROPONENT IS REASON NOT THE PERSON
i.e. IF WE COULD UNDERSTAND ANIMALS WE COULD APPLY THIS METHOD TO THEIR PROBLEMS AND IT WOULD STILL WORK.
REFERENCES
1. Ellis, A., & Harper, R. A. (1975). A new guide to rational living. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

2. Ellis, A. (2013, January 1). The Essence of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: A Comprehensive Approach to Treatment. Albert Ellis: The Essence of REBT. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from http://www.rebt.ws/albert_ellis_the_essence_of_rebt.htm

3. Edelstein, M. R. (n.d.). San Francisco Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist Anxiety Depression Self-esteem. San Francisco Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist Anxiety Depression Self-esteem. Retrieved July 7, 2014, from http://www.threeminutetherapy.com/rebt.html
4. http://www.baruch.cuny.edu/magazine/documents/Baruch-Winter07.pdf

5. Ellis, A. (1995, January 1). Changing rational-emotive therapy (RET) to rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT). Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 13: 2, 85.

6. REBT Network. (n.d.). : Albert Ellis. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from http://www.rebtnetwork.org/


Thank you.
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