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A Look at REBT and Albert Ellis
Transcript of A Look at REBT and Albert Ellis
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
"The underlying causes within the person, of individual behavior and experience" (Cloninger, 2010, p. 3)
Christian De La Cruz
Teorías de Personalidad
Prof. Benjamín Ruíz
causes of behavior
unexplainable attributed to invisible
the result of "mental states" or some internal function (personality)
response to stimuli (Skinner & Behavior)
events a person has been through
aspires, wants, feels, desires
similar to "individual"
What makes a theory a theory of personality?
humanistic educative model
Psychotherapeutic Theory and Practice
Precursor cognitive behavioral therapy
philosophical and empirical background
What does it look to accomplish?
Patterns, coherency, of an invisible person who behaves in a certain way.
1955 vs 1960
Our beliefs effect our behavior
“Men are disturbed not by things, but by the views which they take of them.”
(Epictetus, 1st Century AD)
model for psychological disturbances & behavior
The Three Basic Musts
most common irrational beliefs stem from demands
which could really be strong preferences
(a demand on ourselves)
(a demand on others)
(a demand on situations)
pass this semester or I am a WORTHLESS human being.
accept me as I am or else you're no good.
treat me fairly, or else it is terrible.
Why is that?
Where is it true?
Where is the evidence?
There is no evidence.
None of it is true.
Change irrational MUSTS for strong PREFERENCES
I strongly PERFER
I strongly PERFER
I strongly PERFER
that I pass this semester,
but even if I don't, I will accept myself
for you to accept me,
but your acceptance and approval,
though nice, are not necessary for
for life to be fair and easy,
but I know that the universe does not act against or to spite me, and it is I who applies perspective to otherwise neutral events, and I can choose to see events in a more positive light.
Stoic philosophy and empirical evidence
born September 27, 1913
died July 24, 2007
New York, New York
1934 B.A. in business at The City College of New York, Downtown
studied Freud, but broke away for philosophical roots
taught himself REBT, unwittingly, at 19, to talk to women
sex and couples therapist before psychology
self proclaimed humanist; practicing cognicist
1956 first publication on REBT; 4 years before CBT
1955 (42) first came up with REBT
New York & United States
Huge architectural development in New York City
Development of Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
Cold War & the "Red Scare"
Rock n' Roll; Elvis makes first T.V. appearance
Is REBT a
theory of personality?
Is there an inner person?
IS BEHAVIOR THE RESULT OF AN "INNER PROCESS"?
BUT IT IS THE RESULT OF REASON, NOT A "god"
ALSO, DOES NOT CLOSE THE DOOR ON ENVIRONMENT'S ROLE
AS SKINNER WOULD SAY…
DOES IT BELIEVE IN A PERSON OR A SUBJECT?
BUT IT IS IRRELEVANT
IT CAN BE APPLIED TO HUMANISTIC VIEW,
AS WELL AS BEHAVIORAL AND COGNITIVE.
BIOLOGISTS WOULD HAVE TO RUN SOME MORE TESTS TO BE CERTAIN
…OR WAIT FOR THE TECHNOLOGY TO BE INVENTED (OR INVENT IT)
DOES IT SAY IT "IS" OR "ISN'T"?
REBT IS NOT A THEORY OF PERSONALITY
NOR COULD IT BE COMPLEMENTARY
BECAUSE IT'S MAIN PROPONENT IS REASON NOT THE PERSON
i.e. IF WE COULD UNDERSTAND ANIMALS WE COULD APPLY THIS METHOD TO THEIR PROBLEMS AND IT WOULD STILL WORK.
1. Ellis, A., & Harper, R. A. (1975). A new guide to rational living. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
2. Ellis, A. (2013, January 1). The Essence of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: A Comprehensive Approach to Treatment. Albert Ellis: The Essence of REBT. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from http://www.rebt.ws/albert_ellis_the_essence_of_rebt.htm
3. Edelstein, M. R. (n.d.). San Francisco Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist Anxiety Depression Self-esteem. San Francisco Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist Anxiety Depression Self-esteem. Retrieved July 7, 2014, from http://www.threeminutetherapy.com/rebt.html
5. Ellis, A. (1995, January 1). Changing rational-emotive therapy (RET) to rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT). Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 13: 2, 85.
6. REBT Network. (n.d.). : Albert Ellis. Retrieved July 5, 2014, from http://www.rebtnetwork.org/