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Teaching the Growing Child

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Karen Johnson

on 23 November 2014

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Transcript of Teaching the Growing Child

Cognitive Development
Teaching the Growing Child
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)
Potential to grow and develop
Social Constructivism
Focussed on child
Adult assistance
Vygotsky's Principles
More Knowledgeable Other (MKO)
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
Scaffolding
Moral Development
Piaget's Theory

Lawrence Kohlberg (1926-1987)
Human
Development
Cognitive Development
Moral Development
Primary
School
Years
Teaching
Strategies
Pre-Operational Stage
(age 2-7)
Egocentric
Logical thinking- one direction
No empathy
Not aware of other points of view
Learn through pretend play
Concrete Operational Stage
(age 7-12)
Logic in "hands-on"activities
Concrete experiences
Rules for games
Conservation of certain properties
Idea of Reversibility
Aware other views different
struggle with abstract and hypothetical concepts
Formal Operational Stage (age 12+)
Think abstractly
Form hypotheses
Solve problems
Identity
Social Issues
"Adult-like" in cognitive abilities
Piaget's Principles
Schema
Assimilation
Accommodation
Adaptation
Equilibrium
Progression through Piaget's Stages
Individual
Age-related
Deep understanding
Better comprehension
Little need for adults
Environment influential
Vygotsky....
Higher-order thinking
Autonomous learners
Critical thinkers
1. Heteronomous
2.Autonomous
Planning for Cognitive Development in Year 1
thinking and prior knowledge
aids and examples
structured classroom
"to the point"
"real-life" experiences
individualize learning
group work
modelling and guidance
opportunity to play
Planning for Moral Development in Year 5
structured environment
firm boundaries
social interactions
interpersonal skills
group discussions
role plays
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References:

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