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NURS2512: Nursing, Technology and Informatics

Group members: Afton Brown, Lisa Campitelli, Jessica Casey, Claire Doorly, Ioana Gheorghiu, Shawna French, Meredith Lake, Carissa Rodrigues, Kaitlyn Wojiciki, and Waleed Khan

Ioana Gheorghiu

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of NURS2512: Nursing, Technology and Informatics

NURS2512: Nursing, Technology, and Informatics
Use of technology can increase the time instructors spend on lectures.
Instructors need to be available for phone calls, emails, web-conferencing… in a timely manner with web-based learning.
Lack of recognition to the faculty.
Faculty will steer away from this type of learning in order to advance their career (i.e. tenure).
Also, Faculty struggle between Technology vs. Social Interactions.
Demands on Time and Career Activities for Faculty
Integration into an already ‘packed’ undergrad program.
Increase in technology, increases student numbers, decreases faculty numbers, increases financial gain.
Educational faculties need to be mindful to preserve the quality of education while increasing student access.
Carryover to Curricula
Now, learner-centered practice:
Teachers are guides on the side.
Increase in web-based learning.
Instructor less likely to be 1 source of info (ex: you can google/wikipedia anything).
Changing Models and Roles
Blitzed with technology from an early age, young nurses spend thousands of hours immersed in technology, leading to neuroplastic changes in their brains.

The science of neuroinformatics has discovered through functional magnetic resonance scans that this new generation use their brains differently.

Nursing practice education must change to meet the needs of new generation learners with technology altered learning preferences and needs.
Issues in the Allocation of Technology in Education
Technological literacy varies greatly between Generation X and Generation Y:
Generation X = Late 20's to early 30's
Generation Y = Early to mid 20's

Generation Y has become accustomed to quick access to information and is less tolerant to delays.
Extent of Computer Literacy
Generation X teaching preferences

Slow delivery of text based information.
Prefer for students to work independently
in a logical, linear manner.
Giving rewards and feedback when work is
Differences in learning style preferences of generation Y and teaching style
preferences of educators belonging to Generation X
Generation Y Learning preferences

Receiving quick information from
multiple multimedia sources.
Processing visuals, sounds, and videos
before text.
Having nonlinear access to hyperlinked
Working on projects collaboratively through
social networking.
Learning information just in time.
Obtaining instant rewards, feedback and
Acquiring knowledge in a way that is fun,
relevant, active and instantly useful.
Critical thinking, clinical judgment and confidence levels increase when students are exposed to computer based simulations in their program of study.
Simulated Learning
Print based delivery.
Audio conferencing.
Web-Based and Blended Delivery.
Learning Distribution Systems
"Computers are incredibly fast, accurate and stupid. Human beings are incredibly slow, inaccurate and brilliant. Together they are powerful beyond imagination." - Albert Einstein
Application of Nursing Informatics

Electronic Health Records.
Applications (Apps):
Cell phone, ipads.
Blue Whale App.
Electronic Continued...
Greater comfort with personal/sensitive topics.
Private, immediate, wealth of information.
Includes data over the individuals lifespan.
Easy access by a range of health care professionals.
Improves efficiency.
Accurate documentation.
Contact and consults with health care providers.
Web Pages:
Access to health information.
Canadian Virtual Hospice.
Online Support Groups:
Variety of topics/interactions.
What does nursing informatics entail ?
Care delivery by telephone.
Patient care.
Impact on nursing approach.
Application of Nursing Informatics
What Does Nursing Informatics entail ?
Care Delivery by Telephone
The Nursing Role:
Use of phone since 1920’s.
Compared to traditional triage.
Nursing method is still enabled.
Empowerment approach with patient , coach on decision making with the patient.
Nurse vs. Patient
Care delivery via phone available 24/7 in all provinces and 1 territory.

Those receiving the intervention reported greater:
Satisfaction with their health care overall and with the technical quality of the services they received.
Their choice of providers and continuity of care.
Their communication with providers.
The quality of their health outcomes.

Such services can be an efficient means of maintaining contact with a large client group, providing vital support to vulnerable patients during their move into aftercare and beyond.
It is important to remember that technology is there to ASSIST us not REPLACE us and these technological methods should be seen as such. They are a means to an end, not caring professionals.
The increasing involvement of technology adds an entirely new dimension to nursing theory and caring in a humanistic way.
Our Thoughts...
Traditional practice:
Lecture dominant.
Teachers are experts, learners are passive.
Tell em and test em.
Video Conferencing
Mobile Phones
PDA: ECG, BP readings
Access to geographically isolated locations.

North difficult to have professionals move up there, this enables some support.

In real time.

“Travel time and costs to the patients, their families, and the health care system were significantly less. For example, a patient who resides 611 km from Toronto would cost CDN (Canadian) $724.00 for flight and accommodation to meet with the team at the HPN clinic in Toronto.”
What is Nursing Informatics?
E-mail & Faxing: Primarily documentation to other hospitals
1. Introduction.

2. Application of informatics and technology in practice.

3. Issues in allocating and adopting technology in nursing education.

4. Issues in the application of biomedical technology.

5. Future of technology in education and practice.

6. Discussion.
(McIntyre & McDonald, 2010)
(McIntyre & McDonald, 2010; Centeno, 2012)
(McIntyre & McDonald, 2010; Takhti, Rahman, Abedini & Abedini, 2012.)
Issues in Allocating and Adopting Technology in Nursing Education
(Yoder & Terhorst, 2012)
McIntyre & McDonald, 2010;
Yoder & Terhorst, 2012)
(McIntyre & McDonald, 2010)
Recognize that they cannot put an end to their clients’ psychological pain and suffering.

Accept their patients the way they are and make no attempt to change them into different people.

Encourage their clients to portray their values, beliefs, goals and personal views.
Accept their own brokenness, fragility, and humanness to enable them enter into a relationship with their patients who are burdened by the difficulties of life.

Facilitate change in their clients, but not assume responsibility for that change.

Allow their clients to make decisions and support them through that process.

Accept that solutions to problems are best executed by the patient being served.
Nurses should be willing to:

Enter into a relationship with their patients and share their pain by listening to their concerns, saying little or nothing sometimes, and asking necessary questions at other times.

Be a companion to their patients’ journey rather than being a rescuer or problem solver, by being present when needs arise, and sensing the helplessness and brokenness in their patients.

Love the unlovable, the uncooperative, the ungrateful, the unreasonable, and the aggressive.

The Renaissance period was marked for the administration of spiritual care by The Sisters of Charity who used prayer in the care plan of their patients.

During the eighteenth century period, nursing care was provided by religious women who cared for the sick, the poor and the neglected in the society.

In the nineteenth century, care was provided by religious orders of nursing nuns for the poor and the sick. Nursing was powerfully influenced by Florence Nightingale who transformed nursing to a holistic practice that emphasized the treatment of the whole person and not just the disease.

The twentieth century is best known for the integration of spirituality in nursing practice. Nurses provided spiritual care to their patients by attending to their physical, emotional, and spiritual needs.

The twenty-first century is marked for the advancement of science and technology as well as the power of spirituality in nursing.
Dates back to the pre-Christian period when the foundation for caring and charity was developed. Medicine men used rites and rituals to ward off evil spirits that brought on illnesses, and women assumed the role of caring for the sick.

The Christian era was known for the establishments of convents throughout Europe. Christianity brought together the first group of nurses who were influenced by humanity, caring and compassion demonstrated by Jesus in the Gospel.

During the Middle Ages, spirituality in nursing continued to dominate as emphasis was on the care of the whole person. Hospices were established as a home away from home for the dying.
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