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Transcript of Korean Culture
Since ancient times, rice has been cultivated as Koreans' staple food and still today in its culture.
Meals are mainly based on rice, vegetables, and meats with a number of side dishes that accompany rice. Modern Clothing The hanbok is a traditional dress that has been worn since ancient times.
It is very popular piece of traditional Korean clothing worn at weddings, festivals and on holidays
The women's hanbok consists of a wrap-around skirt and bolero-like jacket, while the men's consists of a short jacket, and pants called baji Kimchi - fermented vegetable dishes usually made with napa cabbage - are commonly, if not always served at every meal. Traditionally, royal families would have twelve side dishes while lower classes had only three.
In Korea's culture, food has always been an important part. The way the food is served is always given close attention. Religion The dominant religions in South Korea are the Buddhist faith and Christian(Catholic Christians and Protestants of various denominations) however a large proportion of South Korea are not religious.
Approx. 27.3% of South Koreans practice Buddhism while Christianity accounts for approx. 25.3% http://www.asiarooms.com/en/travel-guide/south-korea/culture-of-south-korea/religion-in-south-korea.html About 46% of the population adhere to no specific religion in South Korea. Most of South Korean's religions originated from outside the Korean peninsula. Buddhism, Confucianism, and Islam were introduced to Korea from China
Europe and the United States was were Christianity mainly came from There are a few religious groups that did originate in Korea, however they are much smaller and many of their beliefs are a mix of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Christianity. Aside from the main religions in South Korea however there are other beliefs as well, such as Cheondogyo which is a minor religion in South Korea that incorporates practices from Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, and Confucianism. http://www.edb.utexas.edu/edc385g/fall2005/religion/country.php?COUNTRY_ID=4 Traditions/Customs Back then, clothing was worn according to social status, determining what class you belonged to Common people were often not allowed to dress in dyed clothing and were restricted to plain ones, while the upper classes and royal family wore decorative costumes and jewelry to distance themselves from ordinary people. Family and Kibun(pride or face) are highly valued in Southern Korea.
Family needs are always held as the highest priority
Back then, and in some families now, the father was the head of the family; being responsible for almost everything such as providing food, clothing and shelter, and to approve the marriages of family members.
The eldest son would be the next member of the family to have special responsibilities.
The welfare of the whole family bears much greater importance than that of the individual. This has been in place since ancient times and is still in place today. Language K-pop (also known as 'gayo' in Korean) is the genre of modern Korean music that includes, dance, electronic, hip hop, rock and R&B The first type of K-pop was influenced by Enka, a popular type of Japanese music, until the 1980s K-pop is appreciated everywhere from Korea itself all the way to right here in North America Some popular K-pop artists are BIGBANG, SHINee, Super Junior, 2NE1, and PSY There are many types of Traditional Korean instruments (about 60), and while some have local origins, others were adapted from the Western World or China; only about 20 of these instruments are still used today
They are most often categorized based on how the sound is produced, much like the system used in the West (strings, percussion, etc.)
These instruments can also be categorized by genre, and while there are many types of Traditional Korean music, they can generally be classified into classical music (commonly listened to by the upper class) and folk music (listened to by commoners) http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/CU/CU_EN_8_1_6_2.jsp To be shamed as an individual is nothing compared to bringing shame to the family. Folk Music Classical Music Traditional Korean folk music is more energetic and bright than its Classical counterpart, representing the soul and spirit of Korean villages
Folk music consists of everything from instrumental compositions to cheerful folk songs to ritual music
Common types of Korean Folk music are:
Pungmulnori and Samullori http://www.angelfire.com/alt/koreanmusic/folk.html Bearing a son to become the male heir to carry on the family name was one of the most important things in a family back then and was traditionally the purpose of marriage.
Marriage between two people usually were decided by the head of the family or by a matchmaker - usually a middle aged woman - who carried out negotiations between two families.
Often if not always the groom and bride met for the first time at the marriage ceremony.
This practice however was ended in the cities in the 1930s. Classical Korean music is a wide genre, having various subgenres embedded in it
'Chongak' is a word used to broadly describe any music performed/enjoyed by the upper class
Some subgenres of Classical music include Hyangak, Tangak and Aak
Common types of Korean Classical music are:
Sujechon Divorce was practically nonexistent in history, but began to appear more commonly in the 1970s and is much more common now than it once was. Worshipping ancestors is considered a social ethic and a religion. It is taught that deceased family members don't simply go into oblivion or the afterlife, or as the Buddhist believed, to being reborn as humans or animals, but instead remain in spiritual form within the family circle. Old Korean Middle Korean Modern Korean Old Korean (also known as proto-Korean) was a primitive form of the language that originated before the Common Era
Due to no written records of Old Korean being kept, much of the language's sounds and features are hypothesized
Between 0-1000CE, the Korean language evolved into different dialects. The dialect that ended up becoming the standard form was the Silla dialect
It was also during this period that written forms of Korean evolved Marriage (Honrye) In South Korea a man over 18 and a woman over 16 may marry with their parents' or guardians' consent. Those who are over 20 may marry freely. It was the change of rule in the turn of the century in 1000CE that caused the shift to Middle Korean
The ruling power (the Goryeo Dynasty) in Korea at the time changed the dialect from the Silla dialect to the Goryeo dialect
In the 15th century, the Goryeo Dynasty was overthrown, and with the new ruling power came dramatic changes to the Korean language, with influence from China and Confucian philosophies
During the 1500s-1600s, the Japanese and Chinese invaded Korea, causing even more change to the spoken/written Korean language Modern Korean (beginning in the dawn of the 20th century) has been mainly influenced by English rather than Japanese and Chinese, as Korea began to interact more with the USA
There are five main dialects of Modern Korean in South Korea
Korean is spoken by nearly 78 million people all over the world, in not only Korea itself but also China, Japan and Australia For a traditional wedding women would wear a jeogori with long twin ribbons which are tied making up the otgoreum, a chima is also worn with it. A white sash with significant symbols or flowers are sometimes worn along with a headpiece or crown. http://www.mongabay.com/history/south_korea/south_korea-traditional_family_life.html The groom's attire includes a loose sleeved jacket(jeogori), roomy trousers that are tied with straps at the ankles, and an overcoat. A vest may be worn over the the shirt and a black hat is optional. The wedding costume for men were known as gwanbok. Most couples today have "westernized" wedding ceremonies, wearing tuxedos and white wedding gowns rather than the traditional ones.
After the main ceremony they would proceed with a traditional smaller-scale Korean wedding. Generations after generations have the obligation of remembering the deceased in a yearly cycle of rituals and ceremonies. Lunar New Year, known as Seollal is one of Korea’s major holidays. It is celebrated over the span of two days; January 1st and 2nd. this was to allow people to travel to their hometowns for the traditional rites honoring the family’s ancestors Buddha's Birthday is an official holiday celebrated in South Korea that takes place in May. http://www.korea4expats.com/article-soellal-lunar-new-year-customs.html This day is called Seokga tansinil, meaning "Buddha's birthday" or Bucheonim osin nal, meaning "the day when Buddha came". During this time lotus lanterns cover the entire temple throughout the month which are often flooded down the street.
Many temples provide meals and tea to all visitors [Please see "Clothing" for further detail] http://buddhism.about.com/od/buddhistholidays/a/buddhabirthday.htm Hangul Day - also known as Hangul Proclamation Day or Korean Alphabet Day - is the Korean national commemorative day that marks the invention of hangul; the native alphabet of the Korean language. It was proclaimed by king Sejong the Great of the Choson Dynasty (1392 - 1897) on October 9, 1446 in South Korea http://asiasociety.org/blog/asia/happy-hangul-day Fin. & Wikipedia. Bibliography