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Public Places of Tirana (Exploring the Pocket Park Potential)

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silvi jano

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Public Places of Tirana (Exploring the Pocket Park Potential)

What is the intervention for this 'gaps' ? Introduction Strictly controlled Urban Growth



Rapid Urban Growth



Shrinkage of Public Place and the appearance of gaps “top-down “approach
A leader organized public gathering
Large empty spaces similar
No Sitting places A sense of community started to appear
Physical form started to improve
Benches, trees, shrubs and interesting features were added
Very well maintained “shrinkage” of public place
Intense & Informal urbane development
Low maintenance
Social life was becoming “extinct”
Useless spaces or (gaps) are found all over the city Purpose...

To understand public places of Tirana and their typology
To identify new public place potentials
Transform city 'gaps' into pocket parks
Reinforce Public Private Partnership (PPP) A guideline for identifying and understanding ‘gaps in your’
neighborhood and the steps needed in transforming them into Pocket park through Public Private Partnership (PPP). User...

Locals
Public Place Administrators
Investors Social Dimension BEFORE THE 90'S



DURING THE 90'S



AFTER THE 90'S HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Urban Dimension ‘Spin Off’ & Linkage potential 10-15 min 15 min 35-40 min Distance Pocket Park Location ‘Spin Off’ & Linkage potential 10-15 min 15 min 35-40 min Distance Pocket Park Location Center 'Gaps' & the visible Linkage Existing Public Places
and large Parks The 'gaps' Linkage Potential Subject...

Empty gaps left after the 90's
Unseen Pocket parks Social Greenery
Entrance type
Access
Position with the center
Sun
Surrounding buildings functions
Sitting place
Lighting
Barriers
Main park features (statue/waterfalls) Movement
Gender
Hot Spots
Groups Urban The Research 9 Places 9 Typologies Inner City

Suburb Distance

Urban furniture

Social activities

"Closer" to home

Linkage with the main place The 'Gaps' ...tucked between buildings A potential public or semi
public space... ...inhabitants themselves head identified the problem...and found a very handy and comfortable solution The Pocket park ? Function
o Functions can include small event space, play areas for children, spaces for relaxing or meeting friends, taking lunch breaks, etc.

User Needs
o Accommodate as many different users as possible, according to neighborhood needs. Size
o Usually only a few house lots in size or smaller, although a exact definition varies from place to place. Actual Situation Phase I
(identifying potential streets) Phase II
(streets linkage to place) Phase III
(Pocket Park linkage) The Conceptual Phases
Minimum Development Features
o Landscape plantings to promote shade over at least 25% of area.
o Support amenities such as benches (in shade and sun), bike racks, trash receptacles. Gather volunteers Divide zones based on their characteristics Identify an existing
public place Identify the gaps on each zone to later propose their transformation into a Pocket Park Link the gaps with
the existing Park The Research The Nature Bar The Out-door classroom o Get to know your neighborhood and take notes of different activities locals have.

o Look at the streets and record their conditions and whats surrounding them.

o Record natural
elements like greenery, water and natural sounds like birds singing. o On a map identify different zones.

o Give each zone a specific identity/typology.

o Start creating teams or individuals from each zone.

o Make sure that the team leader of each group is a individual who the locals trust and could be convincing. o Identify a main existing park or parks in cases where is more than one.

o Determen the parks typology and its user.

o Make notes of its conditions (natural & urban) o Identify ‘gaps’ on each neighborhood.

o Start interviewing the locals of were the gap is located and understand their needs.

o Give each gap a specific pocket park typology. o Identify streets that link each pocket park to the existing park.

o Propose elements of each park to be found on the street, to give the impression of continuity

o After everything is on map, arrange public presentations.

o Invite potential donor and start collecting funds. Community Kitchen Butterfly Garden ENDLESS TYPOLOGIES THE
DESIGN HOW IS IT DONE ? Five steps to link a park with a new pocket park 1) GET TO KNOW YOUR SITE 2) TALK TO YOUR NEIGHBORS ABOUT YOUR IDEA Create a Pocket Park team
Assign a Leader for each section
Agree on the typology of the place
Make a Plane on paper and present it to the locals Look for empty left out 'gaps'
Find out the owner (if there is one)
Make note of its actual use (if there is one) 3) MAKE PUBLIC PRESENTATIONS AND INVITE POTENTIAL DONORS The Municipality stuff
Private companies
Schools
NGO's 4) HOW TO GATHER FUNDINGS'S ? o Applying for grants or awards

o Organize your own fund raising event

o Selling badges, cards, t-shirts or other merchandise made locally

o Write to local businesses (as for cash donation or singe item donations depending on business maybe they would like to sponsor a bench for example) 5) START IMPLEMENTING 6) MAINTAINING
THE PLACE Silvi JANO o Assign a director

o Create volunteer working groups

o Divide the work o Create a maintenance schedule and assign specific chores.

o Allocate an annual sum to help cover costs.

o Street vendors contract ...SO WHAT'S NEXT ? In Addition... Definition
o Pocket parks, are urban open space at the very small scale. Tucked into and scattered throughout the urban fabric where they serve the local population. They tend to act as scaled-down neighborhood parks, but still often try to meet a variety of needs. Population Served
o Pocket parks are not intended to serve residents city-wide. Due to their small size they are intended to be more liberally sprinkled throughout the community and serve residents within or adjacent to a planned residential development.

Location/Orientation
o Located within the residential/mixed-use development and easily accessed by residents without the use of vehicles, generally within 5 -10 minutes. Unification and commitment from the COMMUNITY to keep maintaining it through the years to come.

Willingness from the MUNICIPALITY to assist the park with lighting and basic infrastructure.

Negotiation with the INVESTOR (some might not like the idea of giving cash and instead would like to donate a bench or plants ) INTRODUCTION THANK YOU!
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